How to drive a car with automatic transmission: Lessons for beginners
- Appearance and automatic modes
- When and how should include automatic modes
- Learning how to stop
- Handbrake and its functions in cars with automatic transmission
- Why does not like the automatic transmission
In the global automotive market in the samedegree well represented vehicles equipped with a mechanical (manual transmission) and automatic (automatic) transmission. And you can not say that one of these options, the transmission has some special advantages over others. It's just that each of them has certain advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, the final choice of driving options, no doubt, belongs to you as the future or the real owner of the vehicle. After all, despite all the advice and tips, you define the amount at which willing to part for the purchase of cars, know your driving style, and represent excellent conditions in which the car will travel.
To sum up the opinions of experts and experienceddrivers, the automatic transmission is more suitable for beginners, who only have to get right, and for people who prefer a relaxed driving style in the modern metropolis. But lovers of thrills and drive with great experience driving better to opt for a car with a manual transmission.
We can say that the advantages of automatic transmission include:
- ease of driving;
- rapid learning beginners the basics of driving;
- the ability to pay full attention to the road;
- no motor vehicle overloading.
And the major disadvantages include a large,in comparison with the manual, the car cost, complexity and maintenance is quite expensive repairs. Also, according to the drivers themselves, the car with automatic transmission do not recognize the extreme driving conditions.
Therefore, if you are still undecidedcar, think about exactly how it will operate and whether the funds will be a lot to spend on its maintenance. And here is how the right to drive a car that has an automatic transmission (transmission) to less to repair, explain further.
Appearance and automatic modes
Where in cars with manual transmission lever you used to see,by means of which the driver switches the speed of the car with an automatic transmission with a small lever with a button - so-called the mode selector. This does not mean that the concept of a gear change is not at all - no, just this feature is entirely owned by the electronic control system, ie a computer.
In the visible part of the box-automatic block Latin letters denote its modes of operation, such as:
- "P" denotes a parking mode, it can be comparedwith tightened in the mechanics of the handbrake. He locks the wheel and the car turns on when you start the motor and jam. In no case the vehicle is moving can not include "P" mode - it will damage the box.
- «R» represents the reverse mode, the so-called reverse. It also should be included only when the car is completely stopped.
- «N» indicates the same mode, in which the cars onmechanics meets in neutral. When towing your vehicle in that position must be automatic transmission lever when the motor is independent of the free rotation of the wheels allows you to move the car itself.
- «D» mode denotes motion (from the Englishthe word "drive"). Needless to say that this position of the lever will allow the car to move forward, and the gear change process is automatic, depending on driving conditions. If the vehicle is standing downhill, this mode will not allow him to roll back (of course if the slide is not cool).
In addition to the basic provisions of the lever automatic transmission,there are also additional. In particular, we will focus on winter mode. Depending on the brand of car, it can be labeled in several different ways, for example: «*», «HOLD», «W», «SNOW». This special program for driving in winter conditions, when the road surface is often slippery, designed to eliminate wheelspin when the car starts to get a move on, and during gear changes. In winter mode, your vehicle starts its movement once in second gear and their further switching is performed at lower speeds, thereby reducing the likelihood of both light and uncontrolled drifts. Use the winter mode during the summer is not allowed, because it has a large load on the automatic transmission, it overheats, and it increases wear.
When and how should include automatic modes
Before you move the gear lever ina provision should start the car engine, squeeze the brake and push the lever located on the button (on the side, front or top). You need gear is engaged by one or two seconds after the mode has been selected. At the same time, if you notice, the motor sounds more muffled.
Remember, for both pedals only the right answersleg, the left is not involved in the process. Of course, in some cases, mode changes, and without the need to squeeze the brake or press the button. This occurs when the vehicle is on the way.
To the car was moved, it should berelease the brake pedal. If the lever of the box is set to "D", the machine will go forward, if you have selected "R" mode - back. "Neutral" allows cars just to stand still or rolling downhill - do not forget about it and do not let brake unnecessarily. It turns out that regardless of whether you press the gas pedal or not, in the modes of motion and reverse the engine is still as it pushes the car.
Characteristics and quality of the drive,having a box-automatic, depends on how you will put pressure on the gas pedal. Smooth clicking provide acceleration without jerks and leisurely gearshift. If there is a need to speed up, do not be afraid to add gas, pushing the pedal to the metal. Thus, you sort of give automatic gearbox teams - intense, faster, more powerful. Know that in this case, the engine will initially kick-down mode, simply put, the automatic switch to a lower gear, and only after that the car will accelerate. This second delay between pressing the gas and the actual set speed when driving leisurely insignificant, but when overtaking, when counts are fractions of a second, can lead to disastrous results. That is why extreme-drive fans often choose a vehicle with manual transmission.
Learning how to stop
There is nothing easier than stopping exercisea vehicle having an automatic transmission. To do this, simply press on the brake. But here the question arises as to whether you need to translate a mode «D» in the other position of the lever gearbox. So what should be done:
- switch when stopping long (more than half a minute);
- not switch if it is short-term, for example at traffic lights.
What gives? In the first case, it saves fuel, because the engine will not have to push the cars located on the brake. The lever can be set to "N", while still keep the brake pedal, or turn on the "P", giving the foot rest. The second option will extend the life of the box not cheap mechanisms.
If you are moving slowly in traffic, then continuallymoving from the spot, then stopping, move the gear lever to position "N", it is with him and vice versa, in "D" mode, the car will move automatically, without additional clicks.
Handbrake and its functions in cars with automatic transmission
According to the owners of cars with automatic transmission,hand (parking) brake they practically do not use. Although the operation of the rules there is an item that calls drivers still do not fully trust the parking mode and apply the handbrake. Is there a grain of truth in this, and is it really necessary to the frequent use of the parking brake, is difficult to answer, because the owners of cars with automatic transmission is not a habit to check its position before you start driving. And if the handbrake was still involved and forgotten, the driver is often at a loss, without paying attention to the time signal to the instrument panel.
But it is still worth highlighting cases when the handbrake is a must, for example:
- Stop the car with the engine running, especially when it is necessary to leave the driver's cabin;
- reliable fixation of the position of car (when replacing wheels and so on.);
- stop on a steep hill before entering the parking mode (otherwise the lever from the "P" have to translate with great effort).
In any case, try not to forget to check the position of the parking brake - it will save you from further trouble with the car.
Why does not like the automatic transmission
Load and serious speed - the enemies of the ColdAutomatic transmission. In the winter time, preheat the engine, at the same time you are preparing to ride and gearbox. In summer, this does not happen, so do not rush to accelerate in the first few kilometers - allow time to ensure that the oil has reached the required temperature. In winter you can, so to speak, to disperse the oil in the box by moving the lever in different positions and a little lingering in each of them.
For vehicles equipped with an automatictransmission, it is important to avoid driving on the road, because this type of box does not make a wheel spin. If the machine is still stuck, try to come back on his own track back. The main thing - do not try to go in the mode of "D": for this, there are low-speed modes, which are marked with the symbols «L» or «1» and are analogous to the first transmission in a car with a manual transmission.
With towing heavy trailers or otherusing your car is also better not to experiment, because the automatic transmission under a heavy load has a cool feature, and this, in turn, leads to premature wear of its mechanisms.
Challenges for vehiclewith automatic transmission and is his own towing. This is allowed only if absolutely necessary and in strict accordance to the rules of operation of the box is automatic, which is equipped with your car. It is important to avoid overheating, so the towing distance should not exceed 50 km. Please note that some vehicles have the automatic transmission, which generally prohibits their movement using a tow line.
So that is how many nuances fraughtautomatic transmission. However, the fact is that in a metropolis, with its constant traffic jams and traffic lights young drivers, of course, it will be easier to learn how to drive a car with automatic transmission it. Yes, and many experienced motorists recently transplanted to the pleasure craft with such kind of gearbox, as it allows you to ride in an urban environment the most comfortable.
Generally, to as little as possible to getcustomer service centers of various kinds and to look only for the purpose of routine diagnostic or what should pay special attention to it is driving style, equipped with an automatic transmission. Smooth acceleration and deceleration is much more preferable than the sharp pressing the gas pedal and brakes. This leads to more economical fuel consumption not only in the mode of driving outside the city, but also its limits. To save the lives and health of themselves and others, do not forget about the notorious two-three seconds delay between pressing the gas and gear in the automatic transmission, so overtaking should be done thoughtfully, without recklessness.
On the question of exploitation should also be approachedreasonable, because the cost of a new automatic transmission repair broken or very high. However, the right style of driving in conditions that are acceptable to ensure the serviceability of this important equipment a comfortable ride.</ P>