How to drive a car with manual gearbox: driving lessons
- What is the manual gearbox
- Foundations needed for driving a car with manual transmission
- Proper braking on different road condition
If you have to learn the nuances of controlvehicle equipped with mechanical or manual gearbox, one should not despair, because the difficulties associated with a number of its features are often exaggerated. The main point, embarrassing novice drivers - is the presence of three pedals (instead of two) and the gear lever. Of course, it requires coherence and coordination of movements. But on your side will be a moral advantage over those drivers who only know how to drive a car with automatic version of the box. Definitely a plus and will be the choice of the vehicle, because in some cases, to afford your favorite model with an automatic transmission, it is necessary to lay out a tidy sum, but the same car, only with the mechanics, it is worth less. So no need to feel defeated in advance - all the better to show patience and perseverance in order to overcome some of the difficulties on the way to the goal.
What is the manual gearbox
First, let's find out what is the gearbox, abbreviated PPC, or as it is often called, mission. As is well known, it has two main objectives:
- distribution or otherwise transmit torque from the motor (motor) vehicle to its wheels directly;
- Rod volume change depending on the conditions of vehicle movement.
Modern cars are equipped with multiplePPC species, such as: mechanical (manual), automatic, robotic and CVT (continuously variable). The most popular means of transport received a mechanical (manual transmission) and automatic (automatic) transmissions.
Between these options, there are a number ofdifferences, as in a car with automatic transmission shift control process assumes the entire electronic system, in other words, a computer, and in cars with manual transmission it only takes place with direct participation of the driver.
Manual (manual) transmission existsFor more than a century and, of course, for its long history as she has gone through many changes and improvements. Its design is still simple, reliable, allows you to control the vehicle manually in all modes of movement, as well as a known skill of the driver is sufficiently economical in terms of fuel consumption.
Foundations needed for driving a car with manual transmission
That's what secrets will help beginners to quickly and easily understand the intricacies of driving a car with manual transmission, and will be discussed. First you need to clearly understand a few important points:
- The left pedal (clutch) severely squeezed his left foot, and the remaining two (brake and gas) corresponds to the right foot.
- Speed should be switched by performingalternate transition from the first to the second, then the third and so on. You can not, for example, to switch immediately from the second to the fifth, if you want to keep the car's engine is in good condition as long as possible.
- Clutch squeezed with each gear change.
That's the basics, without the knowledge of which learn to drivea car is impossible. But important is the development of a smooth start of movement cars, without jerks and glohnuschego motor. It will have to be trained, as the first time it turns out not all. It is important to bring the movement of hands and feet to automatism. In theory, to smoothly move, you need to perform a number of manipulations in the following order:
- switch on the ignition (start the car engine);
- pull the clutch;
- lever translate in first gear (speed);
- gently press the gas and simultaneously, also without any jerks, release the clutch.
If your action will coincide withtheory, the car will begin to move from their seats. If not - no problem: Just be patient and try again. And again, until you get the result.
Special attention is given when theshould shift gears, because all the time to go on only one possible. To do this, you need to know that in first gear be driven at speeds up to 15 km / h, the second - up to 30 km / h, in the third - up to 50 km / h, on the fourth - to 80 km / h in fifth speed limits only your sense of self-preservation. To start a good tip will speedometer, and then you will be able to focus on only one engine sound.
Proper braking on different road condition
If you need to slow down on the dryroad surface, it is not necessary for it to go from high to low gear. It is better to reduce the speed to the minimum for the same program, on which the motion was carried.
The icy rain and the situation is somewhat different. Since the slippery road surface, the stable position of the car is particularly important. You should concentrate on the road, and to enhance the stability of cars fitted with manual transmission, shift to a lower gear, thereby reducing the speed. This will control the angle of the possible introduction and time to react in case of emergency.
Remember the fact that, for brakingslippery roads must first slow down, then release the clutch, the transition to a low gear and only after all these steps again to squeeze the clutch. This is called "engine braking", he would not allow the wheels from locking, but slowing movement of cars will gradually. It plays an important role careful observance of the distance between your car and the next to come, and, of course, high-speed mode.
Smooth cornering and contributes tosafety when driving a car equipped with a mechanical or manual transmission, because this method can prevent skidding of the vehicle on slippery road surfaces. In the event that your car stalled in the snow or on ice, is to resort to the so-called method of "rocking". To accompany this forward movement switching the first transmission and in the reverse switch, respectively, back.
Of course, for a beginner, these recommendations firstThey seem complex and difficult to achieve, but regular attempts to implement them will help with the time to give your driving style more ease and safety.
The easiest way to drive a car, of course, withautomatic transmission. And yet, if you only have to take a course of "young driver" and get right, it is better to learn to ride a car equipped with a mechanical (manual) transmission. Why? The answer is obvious: learning to cope with a more complex control option, you will be able to feel confident in any situation. By the way, in many foreign countries, the driver, who has been trained and passed the driving test car with automatic transmission, is strictly forbidden to drive cars with a manual transmission. Conclusion: There is no easy way out, especially when it comes to the art of management in any vehicle.</ P>