Tips novice driver
- Preparing for the trip
- "It is time the road-the road ..."
- We go to the gas station
- The first failure
- first date
Thus, the driving school is finished, all examssuccessfully commissioned, nestled right in your pocket and the car is waiting at the window. Go? The first independent travel by car - it's always a blast a variety of emotions. What is there not only are mixed! And the pride and joy of what is now you do go wherever you want and no one will no longer decree, and excitement (and everything will turn out as expected?), And, of course, fear (what if something goes wrong) ...
The main thing - do not give the alarm completely overwhelmyourself - it is bad assistant. Indeed, and that, in fact, so much worry? There is nothing new in this world and even some famous Schumacher here as well, with timidity and excitement came to his very first car. And to make the adaptation process was as light as possible, simple tips will help novice drivers. Calm down a little? Then you can start.
Preparing for the trip
Before getting into the car, take overGenerally inspect it. Check whether the wheels are down, if there are scratches or dents on the body. It is especially important to do if your car was parked on the street. Make sure that the caps and the registration numbers on the spot. Gently wipe the mirrors, windows and lights. Everything is fine? Then sit down. A little trick - not to tempt thieves, barsetochnikov, get yourself a useful habit to lock the door first, and only then produce bag from his hands.
Make sure that the rear seat and mirrorstype set "just right", ie adjusted for you. Fasten your seat belt. Well, you can go! For the first independent travel is better to choose some familiar route. It is desirable that the movement on it was not too busy. Most forward-usual "pass" it on foot, paying particular attention to road signs and other "surprises." I think that is the right approach. For the first time, you will be very difficult to keep track of all at once - and the car, and the road, and signs.
If you are afraid of independent travel, you canask the first few times you "ride" a more experienced driver. Not my husband! He just torment you "valuable guidance", advice, criticism and nagging. It is better to take a reliable friend with a good driving experience. The main thing that it was not a talker, and that will only distract. And you now it is absolutely not necessary. For this reason, at first it is not necessary to include in the cabin radio or music. A mobile phone at the time of the first visits better disable altogether. You will need all your attention.
"It is time the road-the road ..."
One of the most common mistakes beginnersis the desire to "snuggle" more tightly to the side of the road. This is understandable. Newbie feels behind the wheel insecure and afraid of other cars and drivers, afraid to have an accident. Therefore, it is striving to become as inconspicuous as possible on the road. However, moving right up to the side of the road, very easy to "run into" on any piece of broken glass or a nail. And it is unlikely to cheer you up, right?
Take a number and move calmly, observingdistance and interval. Try to rebuild as little as possible. When the maneuvers do not forget to include the turn signals. If a turn is made of several rows at a time, try to sustain the necessary range and not "jump" to another number. How fast moving? In theory, everything is quite clear - you must comply with the flow rate. For beginners practice throws "to extremes." Typically, in a stream of the novice driver is noticeable to the naked eye - it is moving much slower than others. Quite often this manner of driving leads to traffic jams and congestion. It certainly can not be happy the other traffic participants. Knocking out the flow rate you become a nuisance and discomfort to the driver.
There is another extreme. On the free sites when within sight of no other cars are new, as a rule, can not resist the temptation of a little "polihachit". Indeed, so eager to feel the speed and realize that you can actually control this "beast." Therefore, feeling relatively safe, very few people still use caution. And it is very dangerous - because you have not really learned how to operate the machine at high speeds. And here it can happen anything - you can "make" into the oncoming lane or any obstacle, bring etc. Quite often such entertainment terminate sad.
Overtaking - is one of the most dangerous maneuvers. Especially for an inexperienced driver. Of course, you're good to learn traffic rules - otherwise how could you pass the exam? - And you know the rules of overtaking. In theory. In practice, however, things are not so simple. The most important advice - before starting a maneuver, think, is it really necessary? The first independent overtaking recommended only on an empty highway or street, with good visibility and only if moving vehicles in front of you just "creeps". If the velocity corresponds to the rules laid down on this stretch of road, from overtaking should be avoided.
You still have decided to overtake? Make sure that "oncoming" no cars and you are viewing a large enough section of the road. Then it is precisely because of the angle of you pops oncoming truck. Only then calmly and confidently perform the maneuver. If you overtake, you should not increase the speed. After all, the other driver allows for this option. If your speed is changed, it may not be able to complete the overtaking, and it will all end in tears.
We go to the gas station
The fact that your car is "hungry", you canjudged by the fuel gauge located on the dashboard. Most cars have a special light on the apparatus scale. It lights up when the fuel level drops to a certain value. However, this "tip" is not available on all machines, so you need to look for the arrow. The fact that the fuel runs out, can be found on other symptoms. In sharp turns, acceleration or on uphill starts dips traction. This means that it is time to go to the gas station.
Better advance porassprosit neighbors, friendsand colleagues from any gas stations located on your key routes, sell high quality petrol. Try to always fill up only on them. Gently move the car to the column. Naturally, with the side on which the gas tank hatch. Arriving immediately stop the engine, and so in any case do not smoke - gas stations are afraid of fire. However, this is understandable.
When you approach the gas station employee, tell him,some gasoline, "eats" your machine is - you know that, right? After that, it is necessary to go to the cashier. It is possible to fill the car up to a full tank, buy a certain number of liters of fuel or pour a certain amount - as you prefer. Be sure to pick up the check, and in any case do not waste it. At least until the next refueling. First, it helps to avoid incomplete filling of gasoline, and it sometimes happens. Second, if your car will happen any trouble due to low-quality fuel, it will serve as proof that you just refueled at this filling station.
And what to do if no one is in no hurry to come to youfor help and "feed" your darling? Well, then we need to take things into their own hands. Take a refueling nozzle and gently insert it into the neck of the fuel tank. Push the lever under the gun handle. Look at the scoreboard, located in front of you - you can see, there are "run" numbers? They indicate the amount of fuel in the fuel tank is already filled in, and its price. When your car is full tank lock should automatically otschelknutsya. If no lock - keep an eye on the process. Once you see that gasoline began foaming at the mouth, immediately release the lever. Do not try to fill the petrol up to the cap. After all, if you miscalculated, then obolet himself and the car.
What to do if you "missed" time andpetrol in the car is almost over? If the engine stalls, do not try to start it again and again - it is harmful to the fuel pump. In such a situation it is better to pull over and turn off the ignition. What to do next? Strictly speaking, there are only two options - either you bring gasoline to the car, or drove a car to the "trough."
The most simple - ask for help from someonefriends. You can certainly use the help of a passing driver, ready to share with you my fuel. But this is dangerous enough - poor-quality gasoline, a fusion from another tank could cause serious damage. And, most likely, this event will be recognized not insurance.
The first failure
Well, it happens sooner or later withall. The main thing - do not panic. Once you have felt "something was wrong" - include "emergency gang" and try to pull over. If this can not be done, then immediately expose the warning triangle - it could save your life. Especially if you get up for some hill or a sharp turn. Now you have two options - to try to find someone who you take out on a rope tow or cause.
To decide, of course, you. Cable - cheaper and faster. But such a "journey" requires certain skills. Are you sure that you have them? If, no matter what, you dare it, remember the "golden rule" 50x50. What does it mean? This means that the majority of vehicles with automatic transmission can be towed at a distance of not more than 50 kilometers at a speed not exceeding 50 km / h. Your main task - to monitor the tension of the cable. There should be no jerks or else you just fly into the rear bumper of your "savior."
Another unpleasant moment - if yourthe car has power brakes and steering, you are surprised to find that it has become very difficult, and the steering wheel suddenly became incredibly heavy pressure on the brake pedal. Well, will have to "work hard" - boldly press the pedal hard. You can even two feet. But to keep the brake pedal depressed all the time is not recommended - because it can deny at all. Too complicated? Then call a tow truck! You have in fact written the phone, right? Of course, this is not a cheap pleasure. But - it is a guarantee that you and your car will reach the place safely. And what could be more important than that?
Well, it's happened to you - you are stoppedTraffic police inspector. The main thing - do not be nervous! Most likely, this is just a formality. What should I know? You have every right not to leave the car and to communicate through the window without unlocking the door. Try to look serene and welcoming - it always makes a good impression.
If you do something broke, do nottrying to prove his innocence. Typically, traffic police officers are well aware of what kind of offense is most often committed on a particular stretch of road. If you have not done anything "criminal", then on the spot you will get a special decision-receipt. Pay for it will be possible in any branch of Sberbank. More severe cases are treated in a special "group analysis" and the measure of your responsibility will be established in the court. In some situations, your hands you will get only the protocol, and the time and place of the hearing you will be informed by registered letter.
If you are sure that the traffic police is not right, andYou did not break anything, you can try to defend its position. Here you will a good knowledge of traffic rules and the table of existing fines. Try to explain the logic of their actions inspector, referring to these documents. But in any case, do not shout, do not wave your hands and, of course, do not insult anyone. First - it's just ugly. Second, the likely traffic police officer knows all the rules much better than you and, if desired, can be very "spoil" your life.
If the inspector decided to draw up a report, and you, onstill believe in nothing not guilty - boldly stated its position. Write in the report: "do not agree". Describe your site. Try to get witnesses ready to confirm your words. If you solicit a bribe, unnecessarily take documents or threatened - call traffic police trust. Here, perhaps, and all the basic tips for beginning drivers. Follow them is not so difficult, right? A skill - it is sure to come with practice. The main thing is to believe in yourself and do not be afraid. Have a good trip!</ P>