Inflammation of the lymph nodes in children
child's disease - the most unpleasant thing that canbe. But if the chicken pox or banal colds do not pose any threat to the child, some other illness in the absence of proper attention from parents can lead to very negative consequences for the child's body.
One such disease is inflammationlymph nodes or lymphadenitis. It occurs in the case of the child on the body exerts a pathogenic effect any infection. After all the lymph nodes is none other than the protective barriers of the body. Strictly speaking, lymphadenitis more often than not is a separate disease, but merely indicates the underlying disease. For example, inflamed neck lymph nodes in children can indicate the presence of a sore throat or laryngitis. Very often, the cervical lymph nodes swell with mumps disease.
The increase in lymph nodes is as followsmanner. At a time when bacteria penetrate the lymphatic channels to the lymph nodes, the latter, having received the information carried by immune cells begin producing cells, designed to fight the infection. During this process, there is a significant increase in lymph node size.
In severe cases, the lymph nodes are not able tohandle the load, resulting in severe inflammation. Sometimes it can develop purulent process - lymph nodes are not just increasing, and even the skin becomes reddened and edematous.
In some cases, the secondary inflammation isdisease, but in some cases it can be a primary. In this case, the penetration of the infection occurs in the lymph nodes directly, bypassing the internal organs. This most often occurs by breakage of the skin - all sorts of scratches and other wounds. Very often inflamed lymph nodes as a result of the cat scratches.
Typically, in such cases, the diseasebegins with a clearly defined general oppressed condition of the body, pain in the region of the affected lymph nodes, very often the sick child's body temperature rises and can even be observed symptoms of intoxication. Parents should immediately seek medical help, and in any case not to take any action on their own. The only thing you can do before the arrival of medical professionals is to give antipyretic drugs. And only when the body temperature is higher than 39 degrees.
Despite the fact that most perpetratorsoccurrence of inflammation is infection are in the lymph nodes, yet there are cases where the fault become malignant tumors. In that case, if the body has cancer, lymph nodes take over the function of the so-called "biological filter", preventing the cancer cells actively spread throughout the body. This explains the fact that the removal of tumors and metastases always removed all the nearby lymph nodes. This greatly reduces the risk of relapse - a recurrence of cancer. The same applies to cases of leukemia disease - exposure units is a must for the successful treatment of the child.
Of course, in most cases,the reason that the enlarged lymph nodes in the neck of the child, and any other, is a banal inflammation. However, with the inflammatory process must be addressed only under strict medical supervision. If something goes wrong treatment, the doctor will immediately notice this and will take the necessary measures.
Before we tell you more about whatinflamed lymph node group with specific diseases, should acquaint the reader with the morphology of the human lymphatic system. The formation of the lymphatic system finally completed just after birth. In newborn babies capsule, which contains the lymph nodes, thin, and tubercles are still underdevelopment. Themselves nodes is very small, hardly noticeable to palpation, as they have a very, very soft consistency.
At about 6 months of age is not onlyswollen lymph nodes in size, but also an increase in their number. Normal test the lymph nodes becomes possible only by the end of the first year of a child's life. On palpation should take into account the fact that the formation of lymph nodes in children during the first years of life is not complete - valves are not fully formed, in their place - constriction. That is why the lymph nodes palpation have a clear, pronounced a specific structure.
For about 3 years to the connective capsulelymph node becomes pronounced, with splashes of reticular cells. And to 8 years in the lymph nodes begins to occur the formation of tubercles, and other lymphatic vessels. The number of lymph nodes continued to increase until the beginning of puberty, then the reverse process. The largest number of nodes in a child is around the age of 10 years.
To carry out its protective function and respond to thepenetration of infectious agents lymph nodes begin approximately three months of baby's life. At the age of one and a half years at a time, this process is suspended due to generalization of infection.
Lymphadenitis occur most frequently in childrenage 5 - 7 years, as at this age the lymph nodes become a powerful barrier to a variety of infectious agents. Also, it is at this age up to 70% of all suppurative lymphadenitis. And only 8 - 9 years the organism acquires the ability to suppress infection in the lymph node, and their festering there are less and less.
Swollen lymph nodes in various diseases
As mentioned earlier, often the lymph nodesincrease in various infectious diseases and diseases of the internal organs. For example, occipital lymph nodes in children increases in diseases such as:
- Infectious mononucleosis.
- Rash morbilliform.
The above are only the most commondisease. When toxoplasmosis increases not only the occipital lymph nodes, but sometimes the groin. The rate of lymph node can reach up to hazelnut size. However, despite this, the nodes usually palpation soft, painless. Almost never suppurate, and quickly come to normal.
If a child becomes ill infectiousmononucleosis, an increase in almost all groups of lymph nodes, however, most clearly expressed in the inflammatory process is the lymph nodes at the back of the child. Enlarged lymph nodes are visible even without palpation, a child often present lymphostasis and swelling face, pronounced pain.
Almost the same thing is happening in theIf a child becomes ill with rubella. Lymph nodes enlarge and are painful when pressed. Suppuration of lymph nodes does not happen hardly ever, but lymphadenitis - a very widespread consequence of rubella.
Lymph nodes in the groin in children with inflameddamage the integrity of the skin of feet. Very often, the inflammation does not develop immediately after the damage to the skin, and after two - three weeks. The infection enters the lymph node, and some time is in an inactive state. It was only some time later the lymph node begins to swell up. In some cases, the body copes with the infection, and swelling resolves independently. But in some cases, inguinal lymph nodes in children can nagnivat and require surgeon assistance. It is very important to pay attention to all the damage the integrity of skin and immediately process them properly. This will help prevent a situation where a small scratch turns into a big headache. Also cause inflammation of the lymph nodes in the groin, children may be:
- Heavy pelёnochnogo for dermatitis with numerous skin ulcerations.
- The presence of boils in the buttocks.
- In some cases, inflammation of lymph nodes may arise as a result of BCG vaccination, including
- If the vaccine has been introduced in the thigh.
In addition, the lymph nodes in the head of the childincreased in the presence of inflammation in the middle and external ear, scalp abrasions, in some cases, allergic dermatitis. Typically, in this case, enlarged lymph nodes are observed in children's ears. Also, swollen lymph nodes in the head of a child occurs in diphtheria of the tonsils or streptococcal sore throat - these cases are considered the most dangerous to the health of the baby. In that case there are abscesses and other dental diseases, various stomatitis - inflammation of lymph nodes occurs in the chin area.
underarm lymph nodes inflamed in children withvarious diseases and injuries of the skin in the arm and shoulder. In most cases, the cause of the inflammation becomes a so-called "cat scratch disease". In medicine, the disease is called "benign limforetikulёz". Proceeds disease is as follows: after the cat scratched the child, there is an inflammation of the lymph nodes, which is the closest to scratch, which is a gateway for infection. If the child scratched the cat, the wound should be immediately process or iodine and brilliant green which - while carefully observe the state of the baby. In some cases, toxoplasmosis can also be accompanied by inflammation of the lymph nodes under the armpits in children.
If you notice swollen lymph nodes in childrenTreatment should begin immediately and only on prescription and under his strict control. Typically, in those cases where lymphadenitis started due to infection very effectively help antibiotics. Lymph nodes very quickly return to their normal size, pain disappears, and the blood counts return to normal.
Very often parents, on the advice of friends,start all sorts of way to warm the inflamed lymph nodes. However, to do so in any case it is impossible, because it can cause the strongest festering, and even infection. That is why the heating is allowed to spend only on prescription, and only in a medical institution.
If you have inflamed lymph nodes in childrenTreatment should be directed not at the lymph node itself, but primarily on the underlying disease. Unfortunately, in some cases, your doctor can make a diagnosis based only on the complaints of parents and the kid, and sometimes the test results do not clarify the picture. In this case, the physician should assign ultrasound of the affected lymph node, as well as internal organs - the spleen, liver, abdominal lymph nodes. If and then not be able to make a diagnosis, the doctor ordered an x-ray studies, research on hidden for TB infection.
If the doctor suspects a child in the bloodpathogens CMV, herpes, or toxoplasmosis, it may designate a laboratory carrying out the serological blood tests. But if it does not clarify the nature of lymph node inflammation, the only way out is still holding a puncture and subsequent lymph node biopsy.
In any case, the parents in any case notYou must disregard lymph node inflammation. Of course, panic and should not be afraid, as the cause of the inflammation is most often completely banal and easily treatable. However, there are times when to do without medical care simply can not. Of course, parents can not objectively assess the condition of the child and the cause of the disease. It is much wiser to allow the diagnosis and treatment of doctors.</ P>