Allergies to animals in children
Child psychologists believe that pets- Whether it is a dog or a cat, or a parrot fish, turtle, hamster, have a beneficial effect on the educational process. The child learns to care for the weaker and defenseless being, in addition, play with a pet the best way impact on the psyche of children.
Unfortunately, in recent years more and more oftenthere is such an unpleasant thing as an allergy to animals in children. Allergies can have different kinds of manifestations, therefore could be confused with any - any other disease. Parents should closely monitor the child's condition.
The main symptoms of allergy in children animals are:
- nasal congestion, runny nose, frequent sneezing
- eye redness, severe itching, watery eyes
- difficulty breathing (shortness of breath, choking)
- wheezing, crackles in the lungs, dry "barking" cough
- itching, redness, rash, swelling
At the reception at the allergist
If a child got one or more of thesesymptoms, it is necessary to address as soon as possible consult an allergist. The doctor prescribe certain diagnostic methods that can be used to identify the allergen causing the allergy. After allergy may not be an animal, and in which - the other stimulus. The following describes major different types of diagnosis of allergic reactions.
- skin tests
- The study of specific Ig E antibodies
- Provocative tests
- An elimination tests
The study most often carried on the skinforearm. Alcohol on the treated area of skin is made shallow scratches or punctures (depth of not more than 1 mm) and then applied to the damaged skin of a drop of the allergen (no more than 15 samples at a time). If after some time on the site of the sample is developing a small swelling or redness, then assume it is an allergy to the relevant allergen.
To conduct this analysis, it is necessary to donate blood from a vein. Information obtained in this way is similar in nature to that which is obtained by skin testing.
Such a study is carried out only inallergy hospital on strict conditions - in cases where the skin tests or blood tests did not give a clear picture. In this test, nasal, sublingual, or directly into the patient's bronchi small amount of allergen is injected and measured subsequent reaction. Such a study is dangerous because it can cause the patient a very severe allergic reaction, so it is conducted in the presence of a doctor who can provide emergency medical care.
Elimination is the removal of the allergen. It is a diagnostic technique, which prevents contact with the suspected allergen. A striking example of an elimination test - elimination diet with food allergies. From the patient's diet completely eliminated putative allergenic product. If after 7-14 days after a product exclusion comes obvious improvement, we can confidently say that this product is allergy-free.
But these techniques, of course, provide only part of the information about the disease. More accurate diagnosis of the doctor will be able to put together with the test results, survey, inspection and response to treatment.
One of the most common allergies is allergic to animals in children. Allergenic activity have hair, saliva, dander, feathers, urine and feces of our smaller brethren. However, even this type of allergy has its differences.
The most common manifestations of allergy to cats in children takes the form of allergic rhinitis (rhinitis) and konyuktevita, sometimes even asthma. And then you must take action.
First of all, should be kept to a minimum directcontact with animals. Pet also need to be more likely to comb and wash at least once a week. To reduce the particle content of the skin and fur of an animal in the room, it is necessary to remove the carpet and all the objects that accumulate dust. Treatment of allergic reactions prescribed by a doctor.
When konyuktevite, which is the mostfrequent indication that there was allergic to dogs, children may be assigned to the use of cold compresses and "artificial tears" to reduce the discomfort. If that is not enough, the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic drugs in drops or tablets.
When used as allergic rhinitisanti-inflammatory agents and Allergy. In addition, apply a very successful method of treatment - specific immunotherapy allergens. The essence of this method is that the patient's skin for several weeks introduced increasingly concentrated solution of allergen. Because the body slowly as if "learns" to generate a kind of antidote to the allergen.
Bronchial asthma - a sentence?
Bronchial asthma - a serious disease that requires daily treatment. Treatment should be under constant medical supervision.
In the treatment of asthma, there are several groupsdrugs, among which two groups can be distinguished - and symptomatic basis. Action symptomatic drugs aimed at restoring bronchial obstruction and removal of bronchospasm.
These include drugs and so-called "firstaid "for the rapid removal of attack of breathlessness. Such drugs are used only when necessary. Basic drugs aimed at suppressing the inflammatory process in the bronchi, by contrast, do not have immediate effect, and applied long as inflammation in bronchi in asthma is chronic.
We should not forget about non-drug treatments for asthma, which, combined with drugs, produces excellent results. These include such as:
- Breathing exercises, special breathing techniques and the use of breathing simulators.
- Climatotherapy (eg, speleotherapy - treatment in salt mines)
- Reflexology and its modifications (acupuncture, electropuncture, acupressure, etc.)
How to reduce the symptoms of allergies?
Yet, in fairness, I must say, thoughdoctors in a voice are advised to avoid contact with animals, child, suffering from allergies, but not all that is necessary to do so. After all, for it would deprive him of the joy of communicating with a loved friend, and it can cause him great emotional trauma.
So how do you go to if you are faced with the manifestation of allergy to animals in children, but can not imagine life without the shaggy (feathered, scaly, etc.) a family member?
The most common pets in families with children - cats and dogs.
Oddly enough, the family, which keep one or more dogs, not so often faced with the phenomenon of allergy to dogs in children.
On the contrary - the children in such families sufferrespiratory diseases is much less of their peers. A key is the high content of endotoxin - natural pathogens - in the flat, which leads to a constant stimulation of the immune system, and this in turn leads to a reduction in dogs allergy in children.
If you are allergic to dogs in children still came, the dog must begin with a special shampoo to wash and revise animal diets. After all, a healthy animal with the correct metabolism presence of allergens in the secret minimum.
With cats, things are much more complicated. These four-legged pets are distributors of the strongest and most aggressive allergens, which, thanks to the mobility of these animals spread throughout the residence. Therefore, allergy to cats in children occurs much more frequently.
Furthermore, allergy to cats in children is more severe than allergic to other animals. And preventive measures give less effect. If you remove the cat from the room, even after a thorough cleaning will take at least three to four months before the amount of allergens to fall to a level that is safe for health.
Now on sale a lot of special funds forwashing cats with which reduces the number of dangerous allergens on the animal coat. However, these means have the effect that only if the allergy to cats is not too severe in children.
There is another way to avoid allergies to cats in children - the castration of the animal. After castration, the animal produces far fewer allergens.
So, if, having analyzed the "pros" and "cons"you do decide to take in a home or already educate furry pet, but want to reduce the risk of allergies to animals in their children, then you should observe the following rules:
- If you have a kitten or a puppy, then to achieve the 8-month period of your pet neutered.
- To care for your pets, always use the special hygiene products (for example, a special filler for the toilet, not scraps of newspapers).
- Make it a rule as a household cleaning can be carried out more frequently. In particular, the wet cleaning - not less frequently than every other day.
- Do not allow your child to sleep with the animals. Teach him to wash their hands with soap and water after each game with an animal;
- And, of course, to devote sufficient attention to the care of the hair of the animal, because it is the main allergen. Regularly, at least once a week, vychёsyvayte animal fur, and do it outside the home.
- Wash your pet at least once a month.
Carrying out these simple requirements, you will greatlyreduce the risk of allergies to animals in children and the rest of the household. You can not deny your children the joy of communion with his faithful four-legged friends, because every child is at all times wanted to be funny and loyal friend!</ P>