manicure History: take a look into the past
- Ancient history manicure - Ancient Egypt
- Manicure in ancient China
- Nail Value for inhabitants of ancient Russia
- The latest manicure history
- Interesting facts about nails
Have you ever wondered about the storymanicure totals must be a certain number of thousands of years? What a beautiful, well-groomed nails - it is not just a fad, but a kind of culture, aesthetics, has passed the test of time. The earliest information about the fact that women have begun to use these manicure sets, refer to the third millennium BC. Incredibly beautiful tools for nail care from cast gold were found during excavations in the ruins of graves Chaldean Babylon. Scientists have determined that it approximately three thousand two hundred years.
Although, who knows what it was before! Perhaps our ancestors with you - prehistoric woman - sitting around the campfire near the cave and scrubbed nails sharp twig to paint them in a pretty color of some prehistoric plant or berries. Who knows? Despite all the technological advances and the development of technology, we have not learned how to correctly look back centuries to uncover incredible secrets of the past.
Ancient history manicure - Ancient Egypt
Although a time machine has not yet been invented, but onHistory manicure is known not so little. And the first thing worth mentioning - the opening associated with the Egyptian pharaoh Nuser who lived two thousand years before our era. Surely this is the name you nothing says - it is not surprising, because he lives with nothing special honors. However, his burial excavations done a lot of noise due to the mummies of the court, where archaeologists have discovered. Their tombs were scrolls, express their position - neither more nor less - "keepers nail Pharaoh!" So our contemporaries, and learned that in ancient Egypt thrived nail business.
Confirms this conjecture and book beauty recipesthe famous Queen Cleopatra, where she gives pretty good advice for nail care. Long and beautiful nails at that time already considered a sign of aristocracy, and they grew their stained in bright color, not only women, but also men of noble birth. But the poor such beauty was not put on the status, and they were content with short nails covered with pastel colors.
In fact, many believe that Cleopatra and herApproximate painted nails with henna, because the majority found the mummies of noble birth had traces of marijuana in their nails. Recently, however, it became clear that henna was used during the burial ritual, and because some archaeologists came across a mummy brown nails. In fact, Cleopatra, and all other known ancient Egyptian painted nails in some completely different way (presumably a mixture of sheep's tail fat with juice dracaena dragon).
Manicure in ancient China
In ancient China, long and well-groomed nailsnot considered an attribute of beauty, as a sign of the wisdom of their owner. The fact that the people of China at that time believed that it was long nails help them to "talk" with the gods. Of course, the privilege of being wise (at least outwardly) was completely inaccessible to people of the lower classes, they grow and paint nails strictly forbidden.
Status of Emperor nails attached specialvalue not only himself but the entire Chinese people: it was considered the more well-groomed and healthy nails the head of state, the better off will live inhabitants of China. Therefore, in the emperor's palace manicure it turned into a real ritual rite - with spiritual songs and dances. Through these actions gives access to chi positive energy, and the emperor plunged into harmony with the world around him.
In ancient China, there was a uniquenail polish recipe: juice of some fruit trees do glue, which was added to the mixture of wax, gelatin and egg whites. Concubine making manicure to the emperor, occupied a rather high position in the court and had a lot of privileges in relation to the other girls. Sam manicure performed jade or bamboo sticks, which were brought into the palace courtyard the best suppliers.
By the way, in the nineteenth century ManchuEmpress Dowager has grown long nails as much as twenty centimeters! That they did not break and does not sloilis, court manikyurschiki fed nails Empress calcium. To do this, there was a daily ritual: each nail turns to steam in goat's milk, and then wrapped in a special case made of pure silk. Noble ladies tried to imitate his empress and also grew their rather long nails (they were allowed about five centimeters). They are stained with their bright red color, painted on their wonderful birds and even wrote hieroglyphs short haiku!
But what could he do to those who got into higher educationSociety suddenly and could not immediately grow such long nails? These people ... they just built up! Yes, do not be surprised, after all, this procedure was invented not by his contemporaries, and our ancestors for many, many years ago. Even in ancient Egypt and Babylon to the nail plate superimposed elaborate nails of silver and gold. But the Red Indians (though it was much later), without further ado, stuck to their own nails claws of different animals. The most advanced method of building owned by the people of ancient China: long nails were made from glued rice paper.
Nail Value for inhabitants of ancient Russia
In relation to the care of our nails with your ancestorswere "ahead of the rest", here, however, it is concerned only ... superstitions. Russian human soul has always been full of mysteries and puzzles, and therefore it is not surprising that the attitude to the nails was very special. In particular, cut nails strictly allowed once a week - on Thursday, another person might be ill or he would hit trouble. After the nails were sostrizheny, they were burned, and the ashes are spread by the wind. However, it was believed that any disease can be cured if the burn cut nails unhealthy person and bury them in the ground at the crossroads.
Even more amazing prohibition appliesto the shepherds: they were not allowed to cut their nails during the grazing season. The fact that the shepherds to enter into this agreement with leshim - the owner of the forest in which they could not kill wild birds, animals, slaughter their own cattle and cut nails. It is in the nails, according to legend, was the physical and magical power of man, and what they are longer, the stronger was the connection between the parties to the contract.
If you think that all these "superstitions" inpast, deeply mistaken: In some Russian villages still cut their nails once a week to avoid the antics of evil spirits. And here are some beliefs that are quite popular in our days:
- People with crooked nails unhappy, short life;
- If a pregnant woman comes on a piece of cropped nail, then it can happen miscarriage;
- You can not cut your nails to infants under one year, otherwise they will be living in poverty;
- If three times to spit on the nail, and cut into three pieces, it is possible to get rid of corruption and the evil eye.
On the other hand, already in the nineteenth century, the inhabitantsRussia does not lag behind other countries in the mods you wish to make your nails beautiful and well-groomed. It is at this time, and the heyday of the history of nail art.
The latest manicure history
nail art in the form in which weused to see him, it was born in the mid-nineteenth century. In 1830, the French king Louis-Philippe had a trouble - inflamed burrs on hand. To solve the problem was caused by the doctor who treated the case with all responsibility: he brought him a set of tools for safe treatment of a finger. This set consists of: moisturizing cream, white, orange suede nail file and stick borrowed from dental instruments. Later this "royal set nail care" became popular throughout Europe.
In the early twentieth century, the whole of Europe and Americapainted nails with cream and brilliant powder. From these ingredients make a thick paste, it bears no resemblance to modern lacquers. For coloring used a special brush made of camel wool, which cost a lot of money. The most important drawback of this "stain" was that the powder was kept on the nails is not more than a day, and even then with a very careful attitude to it.
It was only in 1917 in the United States of AmericaIt was invented the first real nail polish, and it was pink. Such innovation donned a lot of buzz among fashionistas and dandies of the time (at least the men actively used manicure). Already in the twenties of the last century in pharmacies around the world could buy nail polish virtually any hue.
But perhaps most of all the development manicure obligedcinema. As soon as the black-and-white silent film changed color, the question of the well-groomed nails actresses got an edge. Directors began to make a film close-up, all the tiny flaws in the appearance of the woman turned out to be "at a glance". Few actresses can boast of beautiful nails by nature, but because of the time a lot of stylists smashed his head on the creation of "implants". Experiments were impressive, because in the course went absolutely everything: pruning of film, small pieces of plastic, cardboard, disposable tea bags.
It is not known how much all this was going on, ifnot a coincidence: Once a dentist hurt his fingernail. Unable to find at hand the appropriate medications, he smeared slice composition for fillings. The next day, the doctor was surprised to see that the nail not only does not hurt, but it looks quite natural. They say that this is what appeared acrylic nail.
Another one legend, a doctor (alsodentist) wanted to wean his wife a bad habit - she often gnawed his nails. For these purposes, he smeared it with acrylic nail plate so that it is no longer their bite. It is not known whether his wife has left such a bad habit, but that's what the seventies and eighties of the last century have become a real boom in the field of acrylic nails - an obvious fact.
Today, the beautiful, well-groomed nails -is an indispensable attribute of every modern woman - the same as a beautiful hairstyle and clear skin. Every year in Russia opened five hundred to seven hundred beauty salons, in each of which there is a manicure room. Nail polishes are becoming safer methods of building - perfect. It is possible that in the near future will open new horizons for nail art - so unexpected and simple that every housewife can make a super-manicure at home. Maybe.
In the meantime, we bring to your attention some interesting facts about the nails.
Interesting facts about the nails:
- on hands nails grow almost two times faster than on your feet.
- night nails grow much faster than in the afternoon.
- men nails grow faster than women.
- during pregnancy nails grow faster.
- Left-handers nails grow faster in the left hand, right-handers - on the right.
- injured or bitten nails grow faster.
- owners have long finger nails grow faster.
- The warmer the climate, the faster growing nails.
- after cold nails grow twenty percent faster.
- after twenty years and nails grow more slowly each year.