Medicine for depression: the existing means and rules of admission
- depression Treatment
- Medicines to treat depression
- How long does it take antidepressants?
- Antidepressants and alcohol
When you are immersed in depression, you thinkyou can never get out of this quagmire. Nevertheless, depression - is a problem that quite successfully treatable. So if you are suffering from this unpleasant condition that prevents you from living a full life, then, without delay, consult your doctor, who can determine what treatment is best for you. He will pick up for you and a cure for depression. You should know that there are effective treatment for this disease, they are quite a few and they can help you overcome depression and restore your life.
Just as no two people suffering from quitethe same form of depression, so there is no such universal method of healing that would suit everyone. What works for one person may not work for quite another. Therefore, the doctor will analyze the different options for possible treatment, to choose the most suitable method and then adapt it to suit your needs.
What you should know before treating depression?
- Tell your doctor as detailed as possible about yourstate. It is important to determine whether your every manifestation of the syndrome of depression and whether they are associated with some underlying disease. If so, then it is necessary to treat the disease in the first place. The severity of your depression is also an important factor. The more severe the depression, the more intensive treatment is necessary.
- It takes time to find the right treatment. The search can take the form of trial and error, until the doctor finds that the method of treatment and a drug that will work best for you. For example, you can try to drink antidepressants, only to discover that it is you do not need, but much more effectively you act half-hour walk before bedtime. And it may be that the selection of a good doctor and also take you a while. So tune in and change a little experiment.
- Do not rely only on the tablet. Despite the fact that any good drug may alleviate the symptoms of depression, usually none of them is suitable for long term use. Experts say that other treatments, including exercise, may be as effective as drugs for depression, and often surpass them. If you decide to try treatment with antidepressants, keep in mind that they work much better if you lead a healthy lifestyle.
- Even well-chosen treatment option requirestime, and sometimes you may find that the healing process is frustratingly slow. You should understand that the recovery will occur with its ups and downs, and that's fine.
Medicines to treat depression
Antidepressants are probably the most widelyadvertised of all drugs that are used to treat depression, but this does not mean that they are most effective. Depression - this is not just a chemical imbalance in the brain. Drugs may relieve some of the symptoms of moderate or even severe depression, but they do not eliminate the causes of the problem, which means that the effect of the drugs is not lasting. Antidepressants can also have side effects, and, which is very difficult to predict.
If you decide to take medicine againstdepression, in any case, do not ignore the other treatments that you recommend a doctor. Changing lifestyles and complex therapy not only help to speed up recovery, but also to ensure the emergence of skills that prevent the possibility of relapse.
There are almost thirty different kinds of antidepressants. They should only be taken on the doctor's prescription and they are generally used only in the treatment of moderate or severe depression.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
If your doctor thinks you needtake antidepressants, it is usually administered in the first place Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Examples of commonly used SSRI antidepressants is paroxetine, and citalopram Prozrak. They help increase the level of natural chemical - serotonin - the brain. This substance is considered to be "a hormone of good mood."
Drugs in this group have a very goodantidepressant effect and have fewer side effects. But, however, they may cause nausea and headaches, and as dry mouth, and men - in sexuality problems. Nevertheless, all these negative factors usually soften over time.
Some SSRI drugs are not suitable for childrenunder the age of eighteen years. Studies show that the risk of suicide may increase if these drugs are taken in this age group.
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
This group of antidepressants used tothe treatment of moderate to severe depression. They work by increasing the levels of chemicals (serotonin and norepinephrine) in the brain. That is what helps patients improve mood. Usually it's pretty safe drugs. Side effects that are unique to each individual, may include dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, trouble urinating, sweating, dizziness and excessive drowsiness.
Side effects usually go away within seven - ten days after the body gets used to the drug.
monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
MAOI, such as phenelzine sulfate for treatmentDepression is used much less frequently. If you are taking MAO inhibitors, you should avoid food that contains the chemical tyramine - such as cheese, marinated meat or fish. Your doctor will give you a detailed list of foods and drinks, the reception of which you will have to be limited. You should also avoid drinking any alcohol.
Common side effects include MAO inhibitorsblurred vision, dizziness, drowsiness, increased appetite, nausea, anxiety, sleep disorders. Appointed by this group of drugs is very rare and only if other prescribed treatments have been ineffective.
Newer antidepressants, such as venlafaxine andmirtazapine, work a little differently than the previous group of drugs. They are known as serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. As with TCAs, they alter the levels of serotonin and noradrenaline in the brain. Studies have shown that they can be very effective but they are almost not indicated, since they can lead to a significant increase in blood pressure.
Antidepressants do not cause the same addictive as it happens, for example, smoking, but when you stop taking them, you may be shown the so-called withdrawal. And including:
- Stomach upset;
- Flu-like symptoms;
- Bright, like hallucinations, dreams at night;
- The sensations in the body, similar to electric shocks.
In most cases these symptoms are quite soft, but sometimes they can be severe. Most often it happens when you stop taking the drugs paroxetine and venlafaxine.
How long does it take antidepressants?
You may need to take medication for two - four weeks before you notice some improvement.
How antidepressants work
Antidepressants work by increasinglevel of chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the brain. The level of neurotransmitters will grow gradually. That is why most people need to take an antidepressant for several weeks, and in severe cases - and several months before there is a steady result.
It is important that you continue to take the drug inprescribed dose, to give him time to act properly. You must take your antidepressant for at least a month to see if it is effective for you. If the drug does not give a positive result, then your doctor may decide to appoint another drug group.
Do not stop taking antidepressants
You should not suddenly stop takingantidepressants that have been assigned to you, even if you feel better. If you do stop drinking once a medicine, you can experience the discomfort caused by drug withdrawal syndrome. If your doctor decides to stop taking antidepressants you, it will likely begin to gradually reduce the dose over time, reducing it to zero.
Antidepressants and alcohol
Can antidepressants while drinkingbeverages containing alcohol? It depends on exactly what you are taking antidepressants. Some drugs may react with the alcohol. Side effects of medication (somnolence, dizziness, loss of coordination) could significantly exacerbated after consuming alcohol, and this may affect the ability to drive a car, for example.
SSRI group drugs and alcohol
Experience with these preparations shows thatFluoxetine interacts with virtually no alcohol. In addition, the interaction of alcohol with sertraline, citalopram and Estsitolopramom unlikely to significantly increase the side effects.
However, if you are taking fluvoxamine orParoxetine, the sleepy after drinking alcohol may be increased. In any case, the manufacturers of these drugs is recommended to avoid alcohol during treatment.
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
If you are taking tricyclic antidepressants (especially amitriptyline)alcohol can make you feel extremely sleepy, and can also affect your coordination. These effects will be more difficult during the first few weeks of taking the drugs.
Increased risk of severe drowsiness anddrugs such as mianserin and Triazodon. In any case, if you are taking tricyclic antidepressants, avoid drinking alcohol during the first few weeks until you can verify the absence of you have any side effects that could be aggravated by alcohol.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
Certain alcoholic drinks contain protein called tyramine, for example:
- Red and white wine;
- Nonalcoholic beer.
The combination of MAO inhibitors and tyramine cancause some serious side effects, such as a sudden and very strong dangerous increase in blood pressure. Therefore, it is better not to drink alcohol and to avoid any drinks that contain tyramine.
Venlafaxine, and duloxetine Reboxetine did not causein combination with alcohol problems with coordination. Nevertheless, manufacturers Venlafaxine is still recommended to avoid alcohol. Experience shows that the use of alcohol while taking mirtazapine can cause problems with coordination and make you feel sleepy. It will be very difficult to control the car.
As you can see, there are so many drugs thathelp you to cope with depression. But do not lose sight of the fact that the best cure for depression - it is your desire to return to a normal life, and not bought the drug from a pharmacy!</ P>