Diabetes in women: the signs, symptoms, treatments
Diabetes mellitus is distributed in recent yearsat an alarming rate. According to doctors - endocrinologists, today diabetics are ill for more than one hundred million people in the world. And each year this figure is growing inexorably. And diabetes spares no one - neither young people nor pregnant women or even children.
Title diabetes is a disease inwherein the level of sugar in blood is extremely high. There is increasing due to the fact that the work of the pancreas for certain reasons is broken, and accordingly, reduced or even completely cease production of the hormone insulin, which is responsible for normal blood sugar. There is a diabetes due to failure of the functioning of the endocrine system.
If not enough insulin or the liver,no human muscles are not able to convert the sugar the same volume that enters the body with food, into glycogen. A tissue of internal organs, in turn, oxidized sugar and use it as an energy source.
Modern medicine divides diabetes into two subspecies:
- Diabetes first type.
With this type of diabetes the pancreas loses its ability to produce enough insulin.
- Diabetes Type II diabetes.
In this form of diabetes the pancreas produces enough insulin, but the liver and tissues lose their ability to absorb and process the sugar.
Of course, anyone who heardfrom the doctor that he has diabetes, the causes are interested not in the last turn. In fact, the causes of which are able to trigger the development of diseases, quite a lot. Therefore, only the physician is able to more or less precisely to assume what exactly was caused by the development of diabetes in each specific case. However, in the first place come the following triggers:
- Genetic predisposition.
Typically, in the case of diabetesill father or mother, the risk of developing the disease in the child is about 30% if both parents are sick - the risk increases to 50%. And no prevention of diabetes will not help here. If you suffer from this disease more distant relatives - grandparents, aunts and uncles, the risk that the child will overtake diabetes, equal to about 5%.
As a rule, very often people with diabetesdiabetes are overweight. It can be assumed that obesity is also a precipitating factor, but it is often a consequence of diabetes.
- Viral infections.
Common viral infection can sometimes lead to the very unpredictable complications, including the development of diabetes.
- Nervous stress.
Despite the fact that diabetes is notdeadly disease, he gives the sick person a lot of problems. Once it appeared, diabetes, in most cases becomes, though unwelcome, but the faithful companion of man on the rest of his life.
Symptoms of diabetes
A feature of diabetes is the factthat its symptoms often do not appear immediately. The disease can be a very long time in the human body of the patient in the so-called "dormant" state in no way betraying their presence. Often, a person learns about the disease, quite unexpectedly, to see a doctor about any other disease. For example, people go to a doctor, eye doctor, who, after examination of the fundus can suspect the presence of diabetes in a patient.
Modern medicine knows two varietiesdiabetes mellitus, manifestation and symptoms which are also different. However, given that the disease is still the same, common symptoms are also quite a lot. Diabetes has the following features:
- Great thirst.
As a rule, the sense of constant thirst occursIn all cases of diabetes. Most often this symptom there is one of the first. But do not forget that thirst can be caused by a number of other diseases, so the physician in the diagnosis will not be guided only by this symptom.
- Frequent urination.
For both forms of diabetes mellitus is characterized by asymptom is frequent urination. However, again it should be recalled that frequent urination may signal other disorders, such as malfunction of the urinary system.
- Significant weight loss with increased appetite.
If a person wants to eat constantly, but it unjustly reduced weight also makes sense to guard and pass inspection, allowing to identify the presence of diabetes.
- Increased fatigue.
The appearance of chronic fatigue syndrome, drowsiness - symptoms accompany these huge number of different diseases. And diabetes is no exception to this rule.
- Blurred vision.
Many people with diabetes complain of such things as a clear picture, the white "veil" in front of his eyes.
- Problems with potency.
The men - the emergence of problems with sexual life- Deterioration or complete disappearance of erection. By the way, the signs of diabetes in women include the phenomenon of excessive dryness of mucous membranes of the vagina.
- Violation of the normal circulation process in the limbs.
Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet of the sick person, the appearance of cramps in the calf muscles - is an occasion to take a blood test to determine the level of sugar content.
- Reduced ability to regenerate tissues
Any damage to the skin, even a simple scratch, heal and very very long time. Often there are oozing wounds, and even ulcers.
- Low body temperature.
Generally, in people suffering from diabetes, the body temperature is lowered, and ranges of 35, 5 - 36 degrees.
The severity of a symptomIt depends on the individual characteristics of the organism of every individual patient. Someone you have all of the above symptoms, and expressed clearly enough. And some people have almost all the symptoms of a highly lubricated, or even non-existent. Apart from the individual characteristics of the organism to the severity of the symptoms of diabetes affects the stage of the disease - the more impaired the normal secretion of insulin, the stronger the symptoms.
Seeking medical help
In the event that you notice at home, or attheir loved ones, two or more of the above symptoms, try as quickly as possible, seek medical help from a doctor - an endocrinologist or, in the absence thereof, to the therapist. Only a doctor will be able to reliably determine whether a person has diabetes. Because the symptoms of diabetes can give and not typical.
Diagnosis of the disease today is not completely not difficult. The doctor will examine the patient's visual person, listen to his complaints, and then designate some research:
- Laboratory examination of the blood.
The aim of this study is to determinelevels in human blood sugar level of the patient. Blood analysis is made strictly on an empty stomach, so in any case, do not eat breakfast before going to the clinic.
- Laboratory examination of urine.
This study is performed with the same goal - to determine the presence of sugar in urine.
On the basis of the received data the doctor will assessthe state of the sick person and accurately determine whether or not it is related to ailments diabetes. Of course, anyone who has heard from the doctor that he was sick with diabetes, panic, not knowing how to live on. However, the panic - the worst ally in the struggle for diabetes. First of all calm down and remember that diabetes today is not a sentence, although, of course, and greatly complicates the life of a sick person.
Treatment of diabetes
disease treatment should be started immediately,as soon as the sick person learns about the disease. Unfortunately, he will have to accept the fact that to completely cure diabetes is not possible today. Diabetes now become not just a disease but a real way of life. Besides the fact that the sick person has to drastically change your lifestyle and eating habits, diet and daily routine, it is for the rest of life comes under regular medical supervision. And in some cases, the sick person should rest of your life to inject insulin.
Of course, do not despair, because doctorsWe try to do everything possible to facilitate as much as possible the life of a person suffering from diabetes. In addition, modern medicine also does not stand still - regular study of the problem of diabetes. It is quite possible that very soon the scientists will be able to find a treatment that will help to get rid of diabetes once and for all.
Those treatments for diabetes, whichIt offers modern medicine today, in the first place it is based on the introduction into the patient's body and saharozamenyayuschih human insulin preparations.
This article will not be called for preparationsdiabetes treatment, as all pharmaceutical agents, the treatment regimen and the dosage must choose a doctor - an endocrinologist. Any regimen chosen strictly individually, taking into account the characteristics of the disease, evidence of blood and urine tests, weight and age of the sick person. Self-medication in diabetes poses a real threat not only to human health of the patient, and even his life.
Therapeutic diet in diabetes
Needless to say that diabetesIt affects the whole human life of the patient, but primarily on its diet. The slightest violation of the menu in diabetes - and the deterioration of the state will not hesitate to remind myself. First and foremost motto of all people with diabetes - "Life without sugar!".
In official medicine, there are certainTypes of therapeutic diets, each of which is designed for people with a specific group of diseases. All diets are digitally labeled. That diet, which is prescribed to people with diabetes, appears on this list at number nine. Of course, the diet may differ slightly in different sources, but its principle remains unchanged - it will be described a little later.
The purpose of this diet is to bringThe rate of carbohydrate metabolism, as well as the timely prevention of possible diabetes malfunctions of fat metabolism. Another task that faces a therapeutic diet is the determination of the amount of carbohydrates that is able to assimilate the organism of each individual person who has diabetes mellitus.
A sick person should eat a fraction: Food should be taken in small portions, however, at short intervals. It is absolutely unacceptable situation in which a person with diabetes mellows feels hungry - skipping a meal time can turn into a big trouble for him. If you have diabetes, nutrition is extremely important for you.
For eating, the following food ration is recommended:
- First meal.
All soups should be low-fat - do not cookTheir on pork, it's much wiser to give preference to beef, chicken or rabbit meat, which contain much less fat. Also very useful are mushroom broths with vegetables, but be very careful not to allow food poisoning by inedible mushrooms. Use the mushrooms to prepare the broth, which are sold in any supermarket.
- The second dishes.
As the second dishes with diabetes, you canUse porridge from such cereals as: barley, pearl barley, buckwheat, wheat, oatmeal. Also, a wheat bran filled with milk is very useful for a sick person. Also with diabetes, you can eat the following foods: skim curd, low-fat and unsalted cheese, vegetable and butter, added to the dishes.
People suffering from diabetes, doctorsAllow to eat vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, pumpkin, zucchini, cabbage, eggplant. All these fruits contain less than 5%, so they will not have any negative impact on the patient's body.
- Fruits in diabetes mellitus.
Of fruits, however, people with diabetes,Can use figs, raisins, bananas, grapes, dates. No other fruit is not worth it, since they contain too much fructose, which can provoke a deterioration in the health of a sick person.
From drinks doctors allow coffee with milk, tea -Of course, without sugar, milk and any unsweetened sour-milk products, juices from the allowed fruits and vegetables, strictly without the addition of sugar, broth of wild rose and mineral water.
Strictly prohibited products
There is a certain number of products that are strictly contraindicated to people suffering from diabetes. Prohibited foods in diabetes mellitus:
- Sausage products, especially smoked.
- Any canned food.
- Fatty varieties of fish.
- Fish Caviar.
In addition, from the diet should beCompletely eliminate any fats - both vegetable and animal, mayonnaise, margarine, sour cream. Sharp and salty foods should not be consumed either - salted and pickled vegetables, mustard, pepper, horseradish.
Sample menu for people with diabetes mellitus
At first glance, it may seem that a diet withDiabetes is very strict, the diet is very poor and monotonous. However, in fact, this is not so. Possessing a certain imagination and desire, the menu can be made quite diverse. Below is an example of a possible menu for one day, perhaps it will serve as a source of inspiration for you:
- The first meal - low-fat cottage cheese, milk.
- The second meal is buckwheat porridge with vegetable oil.
- The third meal - the cabbage soup with beef, cooked in vegetable oil.
- The fourth meal is one banana.
- The fifth meal is a vegetable cutlet and boiled fish, tea with a sugar replacer.
- The sixth meal is one cup of kefir.
Perhaps the first time a sick person will beTo experience certain difficulties with the observance of such a diet, but eventually it will stop weighing it, as it will become an integral part of life. After all, diabetes is one of those few diseases in which the life of a sick person depends on the diet.
Traditional methods of treatment of diabetes mellitus
People with diabetes mite onAny way to improve your health. And many people manage it with the help of proper treatment, compliance with the diet and all the recommendations of the treating doctor. However, there is another way to ease the course of the disease - some recipes of traditional medicine. It is about them that will be discussed below. However, before talking about them, it is necessary to recall that the treatment of diabetes with folk remedies should not replace traditional treatment. If you have diabetes, herbal treatment can be an excellent addition to the basic treatment.
And another very important point - if you are going toUse non-traditional methods of diabetes treatment, be sure to tell your doctor about it and get his consent. After all, the main goal of treatment is to improve the condition, and not to allow deterioration. So, folk medicine is the treatment of diabetes:
- Berries of aronia.
The berries of black chokeberry are extremely useful forPeople suffering from diabetes, because they contain a huge amount of sorbitol, the most beneficial effect on the patient's body. The best way to prepare berries is as follows: rinse the berries thoroughly, place them in a saucepan, lightly mash with a fork. After this, pour boiling water, based on one part of the berries, four parts of the water. The pan should be tightly covered with a lid and leave the berries to infuse for 5 hours. The resulting infusion of a sick person should drink during the day, and the berries must be eaten on an empty stomach.
- Infusion of St. John's wort perfumed.
To make a brew, you will need oneA spoonful of dry herb St. John's wort and one liter of boiling water. Place the herb of St. John's wort in a thermos bottle and pour it with boiling water. Close the thermos and leave for a day. After the end of the day, strain the broth and place in a glass container. Store the broth in the refrigerator. A sick person should drink every three hours for one hundred grams of infusion. The course of treatment should last a week. Repeat treatment is necessary every month.
- Infusion of dioecious nettle and bilberry leaves.
To prepare this decoction, you needChop two tablespoons of dioecious nettle and one tablespoon of blueberry leaves. Raw materials can be used both dry and fresh. However, if you use fresh nettle and blueberry leaves, they need half as much - one and a half and half tablespoons, respectively. Place them in an enamel saucepan, then pour one liter of boiling water. Cover the pan with a lid, leave for two hours. After this infusion strain with a gauze cloth or strainer. A sick person should take five tablespoons of broth before each meal. The course of treatment should last a month, after it is necessary to make a one-month break.
- Decoction of the aspen bark.
Decoction of aspen very effectively removes thoseUnpleasant symptoms that causes diabetes. However, you must immediately warn - the broth turns out to be extremely bitter. If you still decide to try it, you need to crush the bark as much as possible, put it in a saucepan, add water and bring it to a boil. Let the broth steep for 30 minutes, then carefully strain. A sick person should drink during the day at least 500 grams. The course of treatment should last 21 days. It must be carried out at least once every three months.
- Decoction of acorns.
To prepare the next decoction for youIt is necessary to prepare dry acorns in advance. Place the ordinary acorns for one hour in the oven, heated to 250 degrees. After this, cool the acorns, peel them from the peel and pass through the meat grinder. Pour 1, 5 liters of water and bring to a boil, then reduce heat and simmer for about an hour. Give the broth to infuse for at least 12 hours, after which once again boil for 30 minutes. After that, cool the broth, strain it and add one glass of vodka. Broth pour into a glass container, place in the refrigerator for thirty days.
To begin with, a sick person needs to go throughIntensive course of treatment. To do this, he needs to take one tablespoon of decoction three times a day for 14 days. Take it preferably before eating, not after. After the course of intensive care, a sick person should take one tablespoon twice a week. Such a measure will not allow sugar in the blood to rise above the critical mark.
- Cinquefoil erect.
Infusion of erect cobbles helps keepThe level of sugar under control. To prepare the infusion, you need to grind 25 grams of grass, pour it half a liter of vodka, put in the refrigerator. Infusion will be ready for use no earlier than three weeks. After this infusion, strain and store it only in the refrigerator. A diabetic patient should take in the morning, on an empty stomach, five drops of this tincture. Breaks in treatment can not be done at all.
- Decoction of chicory root.
Decoction of chicory root in diabetes mellitus itselfEffectively removes a constant feeling of thirst and normalizes urination. To prepare the broth, you need to grind two tablespoons of chicory root, boil half a liter of water, pour chicory into it and simmer for about 10 minutes. Decoction cool, strain with gauze. A sick person should take 200 grams of broth, in the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening, before going to bed. The course of treatment should last for three months. However, pay attention - this tool should not be taken to people suffering from peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
- Infusion of burdock leaves.
Infusion of burdock leaves renders complexPositive effect on the whole human body, a patient with diabetes. To make this infusion, grind one tablespoon of mug, put it in a thermos and pour a liter of boiling water. Insist for about three hours, then strain. The infusion is ready for use. Take his sick person should half the glass three times a day, about 15 minutes before eating. The course of treatment should last 14 days, after which it is necessary to take a week break.
- Decoction of flax seed.
Decoction of flax seed is very effectiveHealing of wounds in people with diabetes mellitus, as it increases the ability of tissues to regenerate. To prepare a decoction of flax seeds, you need to grind two tablespoons of seeds into a powder, fill them with half a liter of water and boil over a very small fire for about 15 minutes. After this, turn off the broth, cover with a lid and leave to soak for an hour.
A sick person should drink this amount of broth inDuring the day, in small portions. The course of treatment should continue until the wound heals completely. Throughout the treatment, the sick person should take one tablet of ascorbic acid. As those sick people who have tried this recipe say, wound healing takes place approximately 3 times faster than usual.
- Decoction of grains of oats.
Broth of oat grains increases vitality andWorking capacity of the patient with diabetes mellitus. To make it, place 6 tablespoons of oats in a pan, fill it with one liter of water and boil for two hours. After this, drain the broth with gauze cloth, add one glass of milk and boil again for five minutes. A sick person should drink the resulting liter of decoction for one day, regardless of meals. Treatment should last 30 days, after which it is recommended to do 30 days off.
- Infusion of lime color.
Of course, that fact, the lime color isA wonderful remedy for colds, is not a secret to anyone. But the fact that the lime flower helps to maintain normal blood sugar levels in diabetes mellitus, few people know. The broth is prepared in the most usual way: two tablespoons fill with two cups of boiling water, insist half an hour. Drink this infusion in the morning, instead of tea, on an empty stomach. Drink it should be about two weeks - until normal blood sugar levels.
- Chicken egg and lemon.
In order to quickly reduce the level of sugar in theBlood, take one chicken egg, a tablespoon of lemon and mix them thoroughly. A sick person should drink the resulting mixture, after which nothing is for one hour.
- Sea buckthorn oil.
In the event that the symptoms of diabetes mellitusWomen are manifested in the form of dryness of the vaginal mucosa, tampons with sea buckthorn oil significantly improve the situation. Dilutely moisten the sea buckthorn oil with a normal hygienic swab and insert it into the vagina, leaving it for the whole night. The course of treatment should be continued for at least 10 days. By the way, folk recipes for the treatment of diabetes require their regular use - otherwise you will not find any positive dynamics.
Traditional methods of treating diabetes are veryVarious. And for sure, if you want, you can choose exactly the recipe that suits you. Proper nutrition, a healthy lifestyle, constant medical supervision and the help of nature itself will surely make your life much more comfortable.</ P>