Goat's milk benefits and harms
Goat's milk is perhaps the mostdiscussed dairy food. Benefits and harms of goat's milk often underestimated and sometimes exaggerated. This article describes in detail all of the properties of goat's milk, indications and contraindications for its use - both from a scientific point of view and from the point of view of traditional medicine.
The benefits of goat milk was known inantiquity. Even in ancient Greece there was a myth that Zeus nursed the baby goat is Amalhteia. For thousands of years engaged in breeding goats peoples of Asia, Europe and the Caucasus. Even Hippocrates, and Avicenna recognized the healing properties of goat's milk, using them to treat sick people. The most commonly used goat milk for treatment of pulmonary diseases and gastric.
For the treatment of children suffering from rickets, in the MiddleCentury is very widely used cheese made from goat's milk is. The reason is very simple - like cheese contains a large amount of vitamin D and calcium, the lack of which is the cause of rickets in children. But for the inhabitants of the mountain and the southern territories of products made from goat milk had long since become a part of daily diet.
However, doctors seriously interested in healingproperties of goat milk and come to grips with the study it was only in the early 20th century. The impetus for the beginning of the study was the observation of scientists for babies, for one reason or another deprived of mother's milk. Mortality of those children who received goat milk instead of breast milk were significantly lower than those babies fed with cow's milk.
The Paris Academy of Medical Sciences in 1900officially recognized the goat milk is a highly dietary product, and recommended it for babies and people with weakened body. In Russia, the most ardent advocate of goat milk has become a pediatrician and child nutritionist VN Zhuk, author of the most popular in the Soviet Union of the book "Mother and Child". It was during his active support and participation in the suburb of Saint - Petersburg was organized by the farm for the breeding of a particular breed of goats brought by special order of the Government of Switzerland.
However, goat milk has become a widepopular that it soon became too small for all comers. Goat's milk began to be issued only on prescription feeding for malnourished children and nutrition of people with chronic diseases. It was at this time the use of goat's milk has been officially recognized and Russian medicine.
However, after a while goat's milkgone unnoticed in the shadow for completely unknown reasons. For a long time, and goat's milk and all products made from goat milk, considered quite exotic products. Most likely, this is because we are all from childhood accustomed to the traditional taste of it cow's milk and cheese, and the perception of products with an unusual taste and smell is always difficult.
Recently, however, goat's milk againIt begins to take former popularity. People began to think about their health, pay close attention to the issues of a healthy diet. The products made from goat milk is very useful to the human body. In addition, no small role in the popularity of goat milk brought pediatricians, who unanimously recognize the benefits of goat's milk for the child's body, especially for the weak and frequently ill children. Goat milk for kids - a very useful product. And, besides, nowadays there are more and more new fans of traditional medicine, in which recipes using goat milk is very prevalent.
The composition of goat milk
Described in more detail below goat milk composition. His healing properties goat milk shall, of course, its composition. And milk, and dairy products contain in their composition a great number of vitamins such as A, C, B, D, E, micro and macro elements.
The chemical composition of goat milk is veryIt differs from the milk of other animals. For example, in goat milk is approximately 6 times more of cobalt, which is contained in the composition of vitamin B12. And it is this vitamin is ultimately responsible for such vital processes in the human body, like metabolism and hematopoiesis. This feature of goat milk is crucial for those kids whose health is largely reduced.
Another, no less important and valuable featuregoat milk composition is sufficiently high content of valuable substances such as potassium. Potassium is necessary for proper formation, development and operation of the entire cardio - vascular system of the human body. That is why doctors - nutritionists recommend drinking goat's milk for human nutrition, suffering what - any kinds of violations of normal operation of the cardio - vascular system.
Despite the fact that along with the goat milkcow belongs to the group of casein, goat milk in the content of alpha-1s-casein is practically zero. This alpha-1s-casein is the main source of allergic reactions of people to cow's milk. Such an allergic reaction to cow's milk is very common. But allergic to goat's milk - something out of the ordinary.
But the beta - casein in goat milk containsalmost as much as in human breast milk. Because the proteins in goat milk contains a sufficiently large number of albumins, proteins are easily cleaved and converted into small flakes. This is much easier as the body metabolizes milk proteins, in contrast to suck intact cow's milk protein. That is why the goat milk is almost never cause any disorder of the digestive system of a normal human body.
Due to the fact that goat's milk contains on57% less than in cow and 23% less than in human milk lactose, goat's milk is allowed nutritionists to use even for people who suffer from lactose intolerant individual. Of course, there is a risk of rejection by the body and goat's milk, too, but it is found, as a rule, very, very rare. However, all the sick person should start drinking milk gradually, in small portions, gradually increasing them. Only after it becomes clear that there is no intolerance can drink goat milk and cooked out of it without any dairy products - or fear.
We should also talk about such an importantFactor composition of goat milk as its fat content. Despite the fact that the average degree of fat goat milk is about 4, 4%, the percentage uptake of goat milk is almost 100%. This is due to several properties of fat goat milk. Firstly, the size of goat milk fat globules is about 15 times less than cow milk fat globules. Secondly, in cow's milk of 51% unsaturated fatty acids, whereas the composition of goat milk for the unsaturated fatty acids there are about 69%. By the way, this kind of metabolic acids have the ability to obstruction of the accumulation of cholesterol in the body man.
Also, the composition of goat milk is very rich in various vitamins and trace elements, for example, such as:
Everyone is familiar with the fact that it was calciumis responsible for the normal development and healthy teeth. Embryos must be a huge amount of calcium to form bone and dental systems. However, after birth, throughout his life, a person continues to need calcium.
The calcium in the human body responsible formany processes. For example, normal blood clotting is only possible when a sufficient amount of calcium in the human body. In addition, it is calcium plays a key role in the normal functioning of the central nervous system, bone - muscular system, elasticity and strength, as well as the normal permeability of the vessel walls. In addition, for the residents of big cities get enough calcium in the body is particularly important - because calcium has the unique ability to remove from fabrics and strontium radionuclides.
Magnesium is essential for the propercourse of many physiological processes. The first magnesium is necessary for the normal course of various kinds of energy metabolism. The reason is very simple - a lot of energy is released during the cleavage of ATP. But for this to happen is the splitting, it must have in humans magnesium ions, without which this reaction is simply impossible.
Furthermore, it is responsible for the regulation of magnesiumnormal cell growth, synthesis of new proteins necessary for the functioning of the body, the normal functioning of the central nervous system, the output from the human body of heavy metals and radionuclides. Magnesium is generally very effectively cleans the human body, preventing the deposition of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels, kidney stones and bladder.
Magnesium also involved in the processes of phosphorusexchange, normal neuromuscular excitability and even stimulate normal intestinal peristalsis. Besides all this, magnesium is a must to complete the work - the reduction and relaxation - the heart muscle. And for normal blood pressure in the human body is also a big responsibility is magnesium. This effect is achieved due to the fact that magnesium vascular wall expands and thereby reduces the high blood pressure.
Manganese is necessary for any living organismfull operation. And the human body is no exception. It manganese activates the vital processes such as the process of cellular respiration and mineral metabolism. Also a must manganese is necessary for normal functioning of the following organs: liver, kidney, pancreas and brain.
In addition, magnesium is involved in the development ofbone and muscle systems, which is why it is so necessary to children during the period of active growth. Also manganese is involved in a large number of different immune reactions, and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
Also goat milk contains a very large number of high-grade animal protein, fat, minerals and trace elements, which are extremely beneficial effect on the metabolism.
This goat's milk is useful?
Now it is necessary to talk in more detail aboutpeople who are most useful from goat milk and products made from it. Of course, its use is beneficial to all, without exception, however, in some cases, goat's milk has not just useful, but according to the therapeutic effect on the human body, suffering from certain diseases. So:
- The presence of human allergic responses to cow's milk proteins
These people are forced to completely abandonconsumption of dairy products, which are so necessary to the human body for normal functioning. The protein is goat's milk allergic reactions similar causes and can be consumed by this category of people. Moreover - goat's milk has a positive effect on the human body. With regular use it daily for at least two months, often a person completely disappear any allergic reactions to cow's milk protein.
- Restoring the body after various stresses and reinforced physical exertion
As mentioned above, fat balls in the goatmilk is significantly less than that of cow milk fat globules. It is because of this fact, the absorption of goat milk is much easier and faster than the cow. This fact is very important for those people whose bodies are weakened as a result of various factors. And also in goat's milk a high amount of potassium, which is simply necessary for the normal functioning of the cardio - vascular system of the human body weakened.
- Children rickets, as well as recovery after fractures of varying complexity
As is known, goat milk contains a largecalcium and vitamin D, which greatly strengthens bone. That is why often doctors recommend goat milk to children after a year to prevent and treat rickets. And, in addition, goat milk is extremely useful for people who have suffered broken bones. As shown by numerous studies Surgeons - trauma, daily consumption of one glass of goat's milk in 2 times reduces the fusion and complete bone regeneration.
- Goat milk for pregnant women
For a pregnant woman eating goatMilk brings just invaluable, because it is a real storehouse of a wide variety of nutrients and microorganisms, as well as minerals. Calcium is contained in large quantities in the goat's milk not only provides all the necessary crumbs to form bone, but also protects the mother's teeth from decay, and nails - from the bundle.
- Goat's milk during breastfeeding
A nursing mother who uses goat's milk, andfully satisfies the need for trace elements and vitamins, not only children, but also your body. Thus, nursing mother relieves itself of a huge number of very different issues, ranging from vitamin deficiency and hair loss ending a banal. Goat milk for breastfeeding mothers replace multivitamin complexes.
- People who want to lose weight
Despite the fact that goat's milk containsa sufficiently large amount of fat, it is not converted to adipose tissue in the human body. A great content in goat milk different micro and macronutrients, vitamins and minerals can help prevent during dieting onset deficiency diseases and other complications of the body, which is devoid of the normal power supply.
- The presence of the human intestinal dysbiosis
If a child or an adult faced withsuch a nuisance, as a violation of the normal balance of the intestinal microflora, dairy products and cheese made from goat's milk, very quickly to help lead the intestines to normal. Be sure to include in the diet of sick people kefir, yogurt or even just fermented goat's milk. Typically, to achieve the desired result it is necessary to drink milk products from goat's milk at the rate of 100 grams per 10 kg of body weight.
The course of treatment should be as follows: Three days should be consumed dairy products, then make a two-day break. Then the reception should be five days - and one day break. Thereafter, the reception has to be for one week, after which you need to be tested for bacteria overgrowth. Where appropriate, and there it is extremely rare, treatment must be repeated. Although, as a rule, a marked improvement of the sick person comes on the third day consumption of dairy products, prepared on the basis of goat's milk.
Also at dysbacteriosis very useful cheese from goat's milk. It is prepared in the same manner as the cheese from cow's milk. Also, you can buy ready-made, both in shops and in the markets.
- The presence of human chronic gastritis with high acidity of gastric juice or the gastric or duodenal ulcer
Goat's milk is extremely useful for gastritis. Goat milk, besides other advantages, possesses surprising and unique ability to instantly neutralize the hydrochloric acid contained in the composition of gastric juice. And at the same time during the neutralization does not occur violent chemical reactions that cause bloating, heartburn and belching. In addition, the composition of the goat milk is lysozyme. This material has a high ability to heal wounds on mucous membranes.
If you suffer from stomach ulcers or gastritis,It will help you the next course of treatment with goat milk. Every morning, on an empty stomach, you need to drink a glass of raw milk. Then, during the day in small sips to drink two cups of goat's milk. The course of treatment should be approximately 21 days.
- Goat milk for diathesis
Too many kids and their parents facesuch a problem as diathesis, or atopic dermatitis. Faced with the same problem parents know how unpleasant moments gives the disease crumbs, and how hard it is treated. Pediatricians found that children who eat goat's milk is much less likely to suffer diathesis. A goat's milk, eat the child during treatment, significantly accelerates the recovery remains. Goat's milk allergy is quite strong antihistamine. But allergic to goat's milk, and is extremely rare.
The parents immediately raises the question of howgive the baby goat's milk. Someone thinks that it is necessary to boil, while others prefer to give it raw, believing that boiled milk is largely loses its beneficial properties. Doctors also advise to proceed as follows: for children up to two years, the milk still need to boil, but the kiddies older much more expedient to give him raw.
- Goat milk for pancreatitis
Regarding the use of goat's milk for patientsPancreatitis has long been debate has raged. Some doctors argue that in this case goat milk is absolutely useless, and some nutritionists say that it greatly facilitates the course of the disease. In any case, the use of goat's milk is no harm can not bring, so it's worth a try. For the treatment of pancreatitis, goat's milk is necessary to take half a glass before each meal for two months.
- Goat milk in diabetes
In folk medicine, goat milk is oftenused to relieve the human condition, suffering from such a disease, like diabetes. To this end, traditional medicine offers daily patient every two hours throughout the day to drink a glass of goat's milk. But in any case it is impossible to stop taking insulin and other medicines, which are assigned by your doctor - goat's milk, with all its healing properties, can not replace them.
- Goat milk in cancer
It is believed that goat's milk from cancerIt helps very efficiently. However, how effective this treatment actually quite difficult to judge, and it is hardly possible to objectively - because a sick person who uses goat's milk, surely in most cases received alternative treatment traditional medicine. Goat's milk is treated by conventional means, of course, can not replace.
However, doctors have firmly established that the use ofgoat milk during the passage of the sick man of chemotherapy, significantly reduces the manifestation of side effects of chemotherapy. And, besides, it strengthens the immune system. To this end, traditional medicine offers the following recipe.
To cook it you need 100 gramsany natural honey, one sprig of aloe and 500 grams of fresh raw goat milk. In a water bath melt the honey and bring it to a boil, then add the finely ground aloe arborescens and continue to boil for 5 minutes. Then add the resulting mixture to goat's milk, mix thoroughly and place in refrigerator. Give milk brew at least 6 hours, after which the patient lets every hour for 50 grams per 10 kg of body weight. Treatment should be started a week before the expected date of initiation of chemotherapy, and to finish - at least a week after the end of chemotherapy.
Before application of the tool is required toConsult with your doctor the sick person. And, in addition, before receiving the tool is required to find out whether it was previously in a human patient no - or at any allergic reactions - either of the components. If the sick person before that - any of them not to eat, intake of funds is necessary to very carefully, in small portions.
Goat milk in cosmetology
Goat's milk is very widespread incosmetology. For example, the daily rubbing of skin conventional raw goat's milk allows you to completely get rid of acne and significantly improve the complexion. A goat hair milk - generally present salvation. hair rinse after washing goat milk restores damaged dry hair, preventing cross-section and loss.
The use of goat milk
In that case, if you plan to include goatmilk in the diet as a preventive and restorative means, you need to know a few simple rules. It argued that goat's milk is very fatty. Nutritionists often ask about how to breed goat milk, to avoid intestinal disorders. However, in reality, such a precaution is absolutely superfluous - fatty acids of goat's milk is almost never interfere with the normal functioning of the gastro - intestinal tract. That is why how to drink goat's milk, there is no special magic - just like a normal cow.
Benefits and harms of goat milk
Goat's milk benefits and harms - This question can notignore. The goat's milk is useful, mentioned above - the useful properties of goat milk are undeniable. However, there is another side to the coin. Now it is time to talk about the possible dangers that can bring breast milk.
The main thing you need to remember is thatgoat's milk for infants in any case can not fully replace infant formula. This is explained by the fact that, despite the fact that goat's milk contains very large amounts of a wide variety of vitamins, something - it all - yet it is not enough. Goat's milk to infants is not the best substitute for breast milk.
For example, very little of this in goat's milknecessary for normal harmonious development crumbs substances like folic acid. Folic acid - is a kind of water-soluble form of vitamin B, responsible for the birth and development of the body's cells, as well as their normal functioning.
In addition, the composition of the goat milk is almostthere is no such a vital element, as iron. As is well known, iron is part of hemoglobin. And with a constant shortage of iron in the diet of the child is developing very fast monochrome iron deficiency anemia.
That is why, in that case, if a childprotein intolerance marked bovine milk and, consequently, milk formula based on cow's milk, it is not necessary to transfer it to feeding only goat milk. Infant formula goat milk enriched with all necessary vitamins and minerals, but, at the same time without drawbacks goat milk.
Next hazards that may lie in waitperson in the use of goat's milk, it is "brucellosis." Despite the fact that goat's raw milk cow is much safer, the risk of contracting the disease still exists, and it simply can not be ignored. Buy Goat milk can only be in two places:
- In shops
- In the major markets, which have their own service veterinary inspection
If for some - any reason you have purchasedgoat milk "with hands", from a seller you do not know and who previously have never bought milk, it necessarily must be subjected to boiling. Otherwise you risk to spend in the hospital infectious department at least two weeks, and the question of whether the goat milk is good for you will never be relevant.
Also, choosing the goat's milk, be sure tosmell it. In the event that the animal is kept in unsanitary conditions inappropriate, goat's milk becomes extremely unpleasant taste and smell. The most important content is clean udder goat, sebaceous glands which secrete fatty volatile acids. These acid getting into the milk, give it such an unpleasant smell and taste.</ P>