" "Hay fever

pollen disease

pollen disease

Are you waiting for spring with horror? At that time, when all the people are happy blossoming of nature and warm days, you spend at home, in the company of a handkerchief and the means of the common cold? Chances are you are a victim of the so-called seasonal allergies or hay fever.

Hay fever. This disease - one of the most frequently encountered both in adults and in children. Hay fever in children - the most widespread form of allergic diseases. Hay fever - a disease that has an allergic nature and, as a rule, has a chronic form. Hay fever symptoms are as follows:

  • Allergic inflammation and swelling of the mucous membranes of the nasal passages and airways which is caused by the influence on the organism pollen.
  • Seasonal rhinitis, beginning during the flowering of certain plants.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis.

Despite the widespread distribution of thisdisease often unfortunately, it is not diagnosed or diagnosed late. A timely diagnosis is very important - it is far easier to take preventive measures and to prevent the development of disease than later to deal with it is at advanced stage.

Do not diagnosed hay fever, doctors oftentake in the best case for a viral disease in which the appointed antiviral drugs, which are absolutely useless in allergic reactions. In the worst case, doctors diagnose a patient - or an inflammatory disease, and antibiotics are prescribed to treat. Antibiotics in this case, the body will not bring nothing but harm.

The most difficult in this respect fallssmall children. As is known, allergy doctors mostly accept only children older than two - three years. A hay fever often occurs and yearling crumbs. And if the doctor - a pediatrician who oversees the crumbs are not enough experienced and do not understand the reason for sickness toddler receiving unnecessary and sometimes dangerous for the body of drugs is almost inevitable. That is why all parents should have at least a general idea of ​​what is hay fever, its causes and its symptoms.

In the event that parents possess thisinformation, they will be able in time to understand what is happening to their baby and to see a doctor - allergist. In this way they will have a great service to the kid. Unrecognized time hay fever can lead to quite serious complications - chronic allergic reaction to a specific allergen, a weakening of the immune system and even the development of such an unpleasant and dangerous diseases, such as asthma.

The causes of hay fever

Pollinosis begins to develop in the event thatthe human body greatly increases their sensitization to pollen of one or more plants, typical of the climate zone in which sick people. Sensitization is called the body's sensitivity to the impact that has on it some - any environmental factor.

If we take the best averaged data,Russian noted three main flowering period of plant that most often leads to the development of allergic reactions in humans, in particular, cause pollinosis:

  • The spring bloom begins in April - May. During this period begin to blossom trees and shrubs such as hazel, oak, alder, birch and other.
  • Summer flowering period begins June - July. At this time, actively blooming grasses, such as wheat grass, timothy, fescue, bluegrass and other common plants.
  • summer - autumn flowering occurs inlate August - September. At this time the flowering of the plants that belong to the family Asteraceae and Chenopodiaceae - ambrosia, quinoa, wormwood.

During the active flowering pollenIt is able to spread very, very extensive. This is due to the fact that pollen is the smallest size, and is released in large quantities and easily carried by the wind for many kilometers around the plant itself. If a person has a tendency to allergic diseases and pollinosis, in contact with the pollen, he immediately feels a significant deterioration of their health.

However, hay fever can often manifest itself invarying degrees of severity and is the period of flowering plants - for example, in the fall or winter. In this case, be sure to try to find the cause - provoking factor that has a very negative impact on the human body. This factor can be almost anything: pungent smells of paint, household chemicals, perfumes, smoke and even extremely low temperatures - so-called allergic to cold.

Very many of the ill people are trying to findanswer to the question of why someone suffers from allergic reactions, and someone completely immune to them. In fact, a huge role in the transfer of propensity to allergic reactions is played by genetics and heredity.

Genes responsible for allergies, most peopleHe inherits from the father or the mother, and sometimes - and from both. In the event that the propensity to allergic reactions suffered only one parent, the chances of getting such a gene is inherited, is approximately 25%. But if you suffer from allergies, both parents - chances are escalating as much as 50 to 60%

The development of hay fever

hay fever treatment
Develops hay fever with the following standardscheme. Via the respiratory tract and penetrates pollen deposited on the mucosa of the respiratory tract and lungs themselves. Also, pollen falls and remains at the mucous membrane of the eyes and the eyeball. In the body immediately after the penetration of pollen starts the process of recognition of the allergen. During this process meet the cells of the immune system. They immediately begin to produce antibodies (protective body), acting on the foreign agent by an overwhelming way. It is this process doctors - allergists and called the process of sensitization.

Such a mechanism of developing addictionthe body to allergic reactions in the presence of a child's predisposition may get its start at almost any age child. To begin start-up of such a mechanism is usually quite enough small amount of pollen.

Externally similar to the process of sensitization is notIt proves absolutely no signs and symptoms. Often, the first contact with the allergen prior to clinical manifestation of symptoms of allergic disease takes months or even one year.

For example, a child in contact with pollenragweed. In that case, if a child has a predisposition to the appearance of allergic reactions in the body immediately starts its process in which the child's immune system recognizes the foreign agent, in this case - ragweed pollen.

After that, the body immediately beginsproduce protective substances - antibodies that remain in the body of the child to the next contact - next year - with ragweed pollen. And even then, parents can observe the development of hay fever in all its "glory." This process is called the process of "resolution" and enclosing a phase in the development of allergic hay fever.

That is why parents often wonder,why allergies occur without apparent reason, and those allergens that are used to allergies in children has never been. In fact, all this time, leaked process of sensitization, which turned allergies in the body of the child.

Symptoms of hay fever

Talking about the symptoms of hay fever, the first thingto be noted is the fact that pollinosis - is often extremely seasonal disease which is repeated cyclically, each year, during the active phase of various flowering plants. Hay fever occurs typically always enough and experienced doctor allergist will not be difficult to diagnose the disease in time.

Generally, allergic hay fever has the following symptoms:

  • A patient person begins conjunctivitis of allergic origin. It marked redness of the eyes, itching, watery eyes, swelling of the eyelids and photophobia.
  • Along with the sick person conjunctivitisIt appears allergic rhinitis, accompanied by swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose, itching and burning in the nose, copious clear content.
  • Sneezing.

As a result, nasal congestion oftenlargely can be reduced hearing and smell, also very often sick people complain of severe headaches. The most powerful and in full all of these symptoms of hay fever are expressed in the morning. This fact is explained by the fact that it is in the morning hours the level of pollen in the air is greatest.

The most important difference from a mere hay feveracute respiratory infection is the lack of hyperthermia. The body temperature of a sick person is almost never rises above the physiological norm. In that case, if the sick person hay fever, when his examination, the doctor will not notice typical ARI redness of the mucous membranes of the throat and increase the submandibular lymph node and ear.

In that case, if a person sufferinghay fever, found the above symptoms, this suggests acceded respiratory disease. Typically, during these two joint disease greatly increases the severity and degree of the flow reduces the effectiveness of each treatment. Antivirals greatly reduced effect on human antihistamines.

The most severe form of hay fever is the onehay fever, which is accompanied by bronchial asthma, having an allergic nature of the disease. This form of asthma is accompanied by allergic conjunctivitis and rhinitis. During the period of flowering plants sick person is experiencing more frequent than usual asthma attacks.

In that case, if a person suffers from bronchial asthma combined with allergic hay fever, pollen allergy attacks occur a little differently and are accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • A person may experience a severe headache
  • There may also be increased irritability and even crying.
  • Weakness, sweating, chills.
  • Increase in body temperature to 38 degrees.
  • A sick person feels a sense of fatigue.

Diagnosis of hay fever

If you suspect that you or your loved onesfaced with this disease, as a seasonal hay fever, the first thing you need to do - is to consult your doctor to rule out of acute respiratory diseases or diseases with an inflammatory nature of the character, such as acute bronchitis or pneumonia.

If other diseases are excluded, you mustconsult a doctor allergist - immunologist. In large cities, it is in the children's clinics, residents of small towns usually have to go to the regional centers in multidisciplinary health care institutions.

If the sick - the child, the first stagethe survey includes a detailed survey of parents on child development, about what illnesses he suffered. Further, in adults and children is taken blood and nasal mucosa contents for laboratory examination.

The next step will be to determine whichnamely pollen is an allergen for a specific person. The most optimal time for allergy samples - this winter when the irritant - in this case, pollen - is absent, and the drug in the body of the sick person does not arrive. This allows you to get a more accurate picture of the disease, not "smeared" taking pharmaceuticals.

During the trial on various allergensdetermined in blood levels of immunoglobulin E class - this is the immune system proteins operating body protective function. Almost all methods of allergy testing is most often performed on an outpatient basis. Hospitalized, usually either children or people with asthma exacerbation.

Allergic tests

seasonal allergies
The most common allergen to determine doctorsallergy scratch test is used as a prick tests. These tests are carried out only in winter, no less than two weeks after discontinuation of drugs with anti-allergic effect.

These tests are carried out as follows. On the forearm is a few scratches, which are applied on top of a drop of preparations, which contain a high concentration of different allergens. Or, these allergens can be administered by subcutaneous injection. After about 20 minutes physician evaluates the size of each of scratches on the basis of which the allergen is detected. The larger red spot at the site of application of the allergen, the more a person has an allergic reaction to the allergen.

However, despite the fact that these tests arethe most reliable, their conduct is practiced only among children under five. For younger children, doctors recommend an alternative method of research - specific blood test aimed at determining its content of protein antibodies, which are produced by the immune system in response to a particular pollen. This method of investigation is carried out at any time during the year, without regard to the health of the patient and taken them to pharmacological agents. For young children, it is the only way to diagnose allergic disease and to identify the allergen. Pollinosis pregnancy is diagnosed more often in a similar manner.

hay fever treatment

Hay fever - this is a seasonal allergy, treatment alsoIt is held in the period of exacerbation. However, the most effective measure is to prevent seasonal allergies. Try to completely eliminate the sick person contact with an allergen. If possible, a person must leave at the time of flowering of certain plants their region. It could be a trip to summer camp, or to grandma on vacation.

If this is not possible, you must take the following measures:

  • Completely eliminate outings on timeflowering plants that cause allergic reactions. Remember that an innocent trip to the barbecue on nature may result in a significant deterioration in health status.
  • Avoid unless absolutely necessary not to leave the premises, especially in the hot daytime. Remember that in windy weather the concentration of pollen in the air close to the maximum.
  • Try to walk in the evening, particularlyuseful walk after a rain or during cloudy weather - in this time of pollen in the air, there is little, it is all nailed to the ground. This is the most optimal for walks.
  • On the window openings is necessary to pull the net orgauze and constantly moisturize them - it will help to hold most of the pollen. Do not forget to conduct a timely and regular wet cleaning in the room. During cleaning, always use a gauze bandage - it will reduce the chance of developing an allergic reaction to dust and chemicals.
  • Try in the room where the sick person is asleep, remove carpets and soft toys that are great dust collectors.

Prevention of hay fever and iscompliance with certain diets. If you have hay fever, a diet will greatly facilitate your condition. Diet, in fact, very simple, but its observance helps avoid many health problems. Sick person should be excluded from the diet just a few products:

  • It is not recommended to consume chicken meat, especially chicken legs.
  • Chicken eggs.
  • During the flowering fruit trees is not recommended to use apples, pears, cherries, and so on.
  • In no case can not allow the use of the sick person or any other honey bee products.
  • When taking any medications be sure to watch out for, so that their composition did not plant components.
  • Try to avoid foods that contain any food coloring.

Do not try to treat seasonal allergies,independently assigning a sick person medicine, focusing on advertising or advice of familiar people. The one drug that effectively helps one person may significantly harm another. Recommendations how to treat hay fever, the doctor will give you an allergist. As a rule, a human patient is assigned treatment antihistamines, which inhibit allergic reactions. To reduce the discomfort associated with the common cold, it is recommended to dig special preparations, which have vasoconstrictor drugs.

Very often, patients are asked about howcure hay fever, that he was gone forever. Unfortunately, it is almost impossible. The literature on traditional medicine material can be found on this disease as hay fever. Treatment of folk remedies, unfortunately, in practice it does not bring any results. And often in folk recipes includes herbal ingredients that can trigger more severe allergic reactions.

However, despite the fact that the spring pollinosisis almost impossible to cure completely, doctors well know how to treat seasonal allergies. This knowledge and prevention measures allow the person suffering from seasonal allergies, a full life and not be held hostage to their own illness.

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