Outside, the summer, which brings a lot of peoplepositive emotions - the sea, the sun, a trip to the country, the nature. But you never know what can come up in the summer? However, the summer in addition to all their charms, unfortunately, presents and surprises. And to know what first aid for insect bites is essential.
For example, insect bites. It would seem a simple petty nuisance, which is not worth it to pay attention to it. But sometimes even a simple mosquito bites can deliver a lot of unpleasant moments. And if mosquitoes have bitten the child, the consequences can be more serious than ordinary itchy blisters. Allergy to insect stings in children - a common phenomenon.
Well, if it is not a mosquito bite,the consequences can be the most unpredictable. Here we will talk about the kinds of insect bites, their implications and treatment. Perhaps many of you argue that not all insects and described below are found on the territory of Russia. But do not forget that on holiday at the most prestigious resorts no one is immune from what the bites of poisonous insects will bypass them by. This is what will be discussed in this article. It will address issues such as what to do with insect bites, what are the consequences and complications.
Many insect bites, such asHymenoptera, bugs, deer and horse flies can cause in people with weakened immune systems are very severe reaction. In addition, insect bites in children cause the development of sufficiently severe toxic reactions. These toxic effects can threaten not only the health but also human life. However, it should be noted that insect bites are fatal far less than the bites of poisonous Hymenoptera. But in any case, insect bites require treatment, and sometimes quite serious.
By Hymenoptera scientists referas usual we bumble, bees, wasps and hornets. Each of us at least once in a lifetime biting wasp or bee, so imagine what it is - simple.
Insect bites are the following symptoms:
- A sharp pain at the time of the sting.
- Redness of the skin in the area of the bite.
- Also, very often may cause swelling at the site of the bite and around - insect stings cause swelling often.
- Almost always bitten place itches.
However, the above described the easiest reaction to bitesHymenoptera, which does not require medical intervention. However, such a reaction is not always, unfortunately. In order to spot complications and to prevent trouble, everyone should know the typical possible reactions of the human body to stings of Hymenoptera. This knowledge is very valuable, as they can save not only your life but the lives of those around you. The following describes the basic types of reactions that occur in response to bite Hymenoptera:
- Local reaction.
Local reactions called a skin reaction at the site ofan insect bite. If there is a person predisposed to allergic reactions to insect bites these, tissue bite largely swell for a long time. Reddened skin looks, feels quite hot, pronounced soreness when touched. Such severe local reactions to bee stings or wasp often involves inflammation of the strongest those joints that are in close proximity to the localization of the bite.
Just how serious are the consequencesLocal reaction to bites, it depends to a large extent from the bites of localization. For example, if a person became a wasp or bee, it will receive the strongest swelling of the foot, which will take a lot of unpleasant minutes, but not deadly. However, if a person accidentally noticed on the apple or other foods and a wasp sting is in the throat or mouth, the consequences of the absence of timely medical will be much more dire. In particular, such a localization bite often leads to obstruction (edema) and even larynx bronchi. Than it can end - clearly and people who have no medical training.
If the insect stung in the field of humaneyes, especially in the eyelid, the consequence may be a partial or complete loss of vision as a result of development in the bitten person perforation of the eyeball, the lens of the inflammatory process, capsular cataract. Promptly seek medical care, you can significantly reduce the risk of such complications.
- Toxic reactions to Hymenoptera stings.
If a person is bitten by a bee or wasp is not one ortwice, and a series of bites, very high chance of developing reciprocal toxic reactions. The victim says human stormy local reaction, which was described a little higher, and in addition a number of symptoms of intoxication (poisoning) of the body, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and possibly even loss of consciousness.
In that case, if the body of the victimman is particularly heightened sensitivity to bee stings, to the above symptoms are often joined by a severe headache, tremors and muscle spasms, and even seizures. With time begun treatment of symptoms of toxic reactions disappear after only a day.
- Anaphylactic reaction of the human body.
Anaphylactic or as it is oftencalled systemic reaction of the human organism to the Hymenoptera stings. These reactions can be very different - from mild to lead to death within a few minutes after the bite. As a rule, it can be assumed to be as violent reaction to an insect bite. As a general rule, the faster the appearance of the first symptoms begin, the more pronounced they are, the harder it will be a reaction. In the beginning, a person indicated itchy eyes, watery eyes, swelling of the face. Following them on the body of a person bitten by a rash similar to burn from the nettle, and a dry cough.
If not for immediate medical assistancethe victim will develop more and more new symptoms, such as abdominal cramping, severe exhausting vomiting, cyanosis, wheezing, laryngeal spasm, and even pulmonary edema. In severe cases, there is an allocation of bloody sputum, involuntary urination and defecation, shock and death. On average, death occurs within 30 - 40 minutes, and very rarely - for 3 - 5 minutes.
Remember that often the local ordinarythe reaction can progress rapidly and spill over into anaphylactic shock. It is difficult to independently determine what is actually going to be a reaction to a bee sting. That is why the manifestation of the first symptoms should immediately call an ambulance or independently to deliver the injured person to a medical facility, not looking at a child bitten by a bee or an adult. And stings stinging insects can be quite severe.
- Late reaction of the human body to an insect sting.
Sometimes a person bitten by a wasp or bee, it rubsthe bite and forget about the bite. And after 10 - 14 days, the person starts complaining of fever, rash, headache, inflammation of lymph nodes, and general malaise. No one in the head does not come to associate with each other is a sickness and insect bite. And instead of looking for the cause of sickness, you need to remember how to treat insect bites.
Prevention of bee stings
In the beginning, you need to give a simple buta very important piece of advice. If you came across a swarm of bees, in any case, do not make any sudden movements - the most common mistake - to start waving his arms. Thus, you only attract more attention to insects. Try briskly leave the cluster of bees, possibly leaving through dense vegetation - for example, bushes.
In no event do not kill a wasp or bee,It is in close proximity to their neighbors. Crushed insect allocates special substances that cause the swarm into a real rage. Thus, you put yourself at risk of attack other insects.
In the area of residential and commercial buildingseach spring need to do a thorough inspection of the territory, in order to identify wasp and bee nests. These nests should be destroyed on a regular basis, as they become available, up to the frost. However, keep in mind that such work entails a certain risk of being bitten, so it is better to entrust this work special companies to combat insects. And if in your locality such companies not, then the person who is not known propensity to allergic reactions to stings of Hymenoptera.
If you suffer from allergic reactions tobee stings, in any case, a trip out of town do not be tempted to go barefoot on the grass - there are often a bee or wasp. To nothing to expose themselves to additional risk of insect bites.
There is one little trick thatis the right choice of clothes for trips out of town. Avoid bright colors of clothes, and give preference to neutral tones - green, beige, white. Bright colored clothing attracts insects.
Also Hymenoptera oftenattracted by different smells of perfume products. Try before you travel out of town not to use after-shave lotions, shampoos with a pungent odor, perfume, toilet water. It also greatly reduces the risk of a bee sting.
If you often leave the cottage or in the village,working in the garden or garden, wear clothes that cover the arms and legs. When choosing clothes try to avoid clothing with lots of folds, which may get entangled insect. Remember that leather and suede clothing can lead to rage Hymenoptera.
If a person is allergic to the bitesHymenoptera, it is in any case should not mow the grass, collect flowers. They also need to be very careful during picnics, as well as some fruit trees, especially if damaged fruits under them.
First aid for bee stings
As is clear from the above, all cases of violentreactions to Hymenoptera sting mechanisms should be treated by doctors. However, very rarely exposed person to bee or wasp bite in the hospital waiting room. And that is why first aid for insect bites should be provided immediately and on the spot.
First aid for insect bites should be as follows:
- In that case, if the wound from the bite leftsting, it is necessary to remove as soon as possible. It is particularly important to do so in the event that multiple bites. This need is due to the fact that the bag of poison continues to pulsate for some time after a bee or wasp killed.
In no case do not remove the sting of hands ortongs - thus you only squeeze out the remains of the poison in the body of the victim. To remove the tip, wipe the bite cotton swab moistened with any alcohol-containing liquid, and then wrap the thread around the sting, cross the ends and pull sharply. This allows you to quickly remove the sting from the bite.
- After that must be applied to the affectedplace of ice. Suit even improvised means such as a package of dumplings from the freezer. Ice will help to stop the further spread of edema, and largely prevents the absorption of the poison. Ice can be left for 30 - 40 minutes, after which you need to make a ten-minute break.
- If the home has anti-allergic agents,you must give them immediately to the affected person. The same applies to analgesics, which can greatly reduce the pain and discomfort of the affected person. In that case, if the bite occurred in the arm or leg, the injured person must be put a little lift limb - it will significantly reduce the swelling.
- You can also lubricate the bite of hydrogen peroxide or salt water at the rate of 1 tablespoon of salt per cup of water.
- Before the arrival of "emergency" doctors give injured person as much as you can drink.
Biting flies and mosquitoes
As is known, wasps and bees - notthe only insects whose bites can cause quite serious complications. Next in frequency are biting mosquitoes. Mosquitoes belong to the order of small blood-sucking insects. They live mainly in the southern regions with dry and hot climate. The main danger of mosquito bites - is the risk of transferring infections such as Bartonella, fever and malaria.
Mosquitoes are most active in the evening, just before sunset. Most often, the mosquitoes bite a person in the street, but sometimes mosquitoes penetrate through open windows and doors in the room.
At the site of the mosquito bite is always the itchingblister, painful on palpation it. Multiple stings a very negative impact on the overall condition of the human body. Most sensitive to mosquito bites children.
Often, penetration intothe human body of toxic substances contained in the saliva of mosquitoes, a person develops hypersensitivity and, as a result, there is flebtodermiya, which bears the name of itchy dermatitis. In addition to mosquito bites this disease may lead to the development of allergic urticaria. In this condition on the face, hands and feet appear itchy blisters pink color, containing within the liquid. After 2 - 3 weeks the disease runs its own, without causing any damage to human health.
And in the first and in the second case to facilitatethe condition of the injured person as follows: the patient must provide a permanent stay in a cool room, cool shower, gentle anti-allergic diet. On the blisters need to apply any gel from insect bites, designed to reduce itching.
However, to the bites of mosquitoes often many people cause quite a serious response.
These reactions, as well as the response to bee stings, are divided into two subspecies:
- The immediate reaction.
The immediate reaction of the human organism tomosquito bite is usually manifested by redness of the skin in places of bites, blisters and pain. As a rule, the immediate reaction of the symptoms disappear very quickly.
- Prolonged reaction.
The manifestation of prolonged reactionsIt characterized by pronounced swelling, severe rash, fever, symptoms of poisoning - nausea and vomiting. In severe cases, may cause skin necrosis.
No less plagued cottagers and mushroomblood-sucking insects, such as flies, horseflies, gadflies. Although, in fairness, it should be noted that the bite of these insects rarely cause complications such as Hymenoptera stings. Often, however, the bites of blood-sucking insects cause all sorts of allergic reactions. And an allergic reaction to insect stings occurs at all on - his own way.
Unfortunately, often no mosquito bitesperceived by people seriously and, as a consequence, almost always bites places remain untreated. However, this may result in various complications, because mosquitoes are often carriers of various diseases. The most susceptible to infection is the child's body, so parents have noticed my baby mosquito bite, it should immediately treat any alcohol solution, or a solution of brilliant green, to put it simply - brilliant green.
Also in children much more frequently than in adultspeople allergic reactions occur to mosquito bites, and they also occur in a more pronounced form. Very often, the baby becomes like a balloon in a day of stay in the country. In order to reduce such allergic reactions, parents can take advantage of anti-allergic drugs such as Zyrtec or fenistil.
In order to alleviate the condition of the kid andreduce itching from insect bites, which he so worried about, you can use the ointment fenistil. If the drugs are not at hand, you can use an old people's way - lotions with soda. For this necessary to prepare a soda solution at the rate of one tablespoon in a glass of warm boiled water.
There is also a popular ointment on the bitesinsect, which is very easy to prepare - for this you need to melt in a water bath 100 grams of butter, add the jar half of the Vietnamese balm "asterisk", mix thoroughly and place in a glass bowl. Keep in refrigerator ointment necessary, applying as required.
The bites of snakes
When leaving for a city person can trapAnother danger - snake bite. On the whole territory of Russia is found sufficient large number of species of snakes, whose venom is so powerful that can bring significant harm to human health and even lead to death. Serpent Sting pretty much more dangerous than the stings of insects and even spiders.
However, I must say that opinion on,that all the poisonous snakes are very aggressive and attack the first person wrongly. In fact, the snake never first to not attack people, but rather only in the case if a person has disturbed the snake. And even if a person is held in close proximity to the snake, she prefers to crawl away, but do not attack. And only if a person steps on a snake, it can attack and bite him.
However it happens, and it happens quiteoften. Timely and correctly to provide medical aid for snake bite can save human lives. But before embarking on medical assistance, you must make sure that the person really was bitten by a poisonous snake.
In that case, if a person has been bitten by non-poisonoussnake bite on the site you can find two rows of thin scratch small size left snake teeth. In the same case, if the bite was inflicted was a poisonous snake to bite also remains two stripes scratches on the teeth, but at the end of slips will be seen clear and deep puncture of canines.
Also snakebite has the following features:
- As mentioned above, the site of the bite of the snake must have two scratches with punctures from the canines to the end.
- In place of a snake bite victim is a person experiences severe pain, and produced significant swelling around the bite.
- The victim of human very quickly grow symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, feverish symptom, a strong muscle weakness.
- Almost always a snake bitten person feels selection of cold sticky sweat.
- No less revealing sign of the bite poisonous snake is the emergence of so-called "ghosting" in the eyes.
- Depending on what kind of snake bit the person may experience significant difficulty in breathing.
In case you or someone near youbitten by a snake, the most important thing you need to do - is to try to calm down and send someone - or for medical help. Prior to "first aid" team soon do the following:
- In order to limit the spread of the poison in the body of the victim, limit its mobility.
- If the snake has bitten on the leg, it is necessary to lift a little, if at hand - the hand is necessary to fix in a bent position.
- Immediately after the snake bit the person,you must start to suck the venom out of the wound mouth. To do this, you must compress the tissue surrounding the bite and teeth, gently squeezing them to start to suck the venom, spitting it regularly. Thus, it is possible to remove 50% of the body caught in the venom, which greatly relieves the affected person. No need to fear that the poison gets into your body.
- Once the poison from the wound will be removed, the wound should be disinfected with any available you have the means at hand.
- After that, be sure to apply a tight pressure bandage. But do not forget the extent that, as will increase swelling, loosen the bandage.
- Before the arrival of "first aid" of the patient is necessary to wrap up and give him a large amount of drinking.
Also, there are a number of things with snake bites do not in any case can not, because in this way you can only do harm to the affected person:
- You can not make cuts in the area of the bite. They will not help prevent the absorption of venom, but can cause a wound infection with a high degree of probability.
- What else to cauterize the wound from the bite of a snake. A similar measure you only deliver to the affected person more pain. Snake teeth are arranged so that the poison penetrates the tissue to a depth of about one centimeter. Therefore, moxibustion not give nothing, except for additional injury to the skin.
- Overlay tourniquet above the bite. So be drunk improvement is simply impossible, but a significant deterioration or death - could be.
- Give affected person alcoholic drinks. Alcohol is not only an antidote, but, on the contrary, largely impedes withdrawal from human snake venom in enhancing several times its negative impact.
Overlay tourniquet above the bite. Tourniquet on the affected limb worsens the condition of the victim, and increases the possibility of death.
And finally I would like to add - rememberthat this article describes only the general types of reactions to insect bites and snakes, as well as standard methods of first aid. However, in each case may be individual reactions, often quite unpredictable. So if you notice that something is wrong, immediately seek professional medical help - because the bites of poisonous snakes and insects are very dangerous for human health and life. And to predict what will be the consequences of insect bites, is almost impossible.
And remember - much more effectively to preventall sorts of bites, than to deal with their consequences. Indeed, in our time on the shelves of pharmacies huge selection. And acquire the means from insect bites have no difficulty. Any cream from insect bites able to reliably protect you and your loved ones. If you will take all the necessary precautions, your summer will not be marred by any small annoying phenomena as mosquitoes and wasps.</ P>