Munchkin - cats of this breed have a uniquehallmark. This is a cat with short legs. Munchkin is not the result of selective breeding, but rather, a spontaneous mutation. But let's order: where and how did these unusual cats, and that this is a breed today.
Where did the munchkins?
Ancestress of the modern munchkins consideredshort-legged stray kitty Blackberry (Ezhevichka), which was found in the US state of Louisiana in the early eighties of the last century. This black-and-white (already pregnant) picked up the cat compassionate Sandra Hohenidel, which considered that the short legs foundling - the result of a difficult childhood or some illness.
However, this was quite an amazing cathealthy and frisky, and brought the same healthy, but also korotkolapoe offspring. These kittens and gave rise to a new breed, which was officially recognized in the US in 1985. The way the story of this family is quite happy sequel. One of the short-legged kitten Blackberry cat Toulouse, went to live on a farm with the new owner Kai Lefranc. Thanks to the free farmers' life at Toulouse came very numerous offspring, which had extraordinary success not only among neighboring farmers, but then far beyond the borders of the state. So a stray cat farm cat Blackberry and Toulouse could be called the founders of breed munchkin - cats with short legs.
Officially presented cats-shorties breed was the spring of 1991 at the International Exhibition Association of cat owners (TICA) in New York.
By the way:
- Munchkin (cat) got its name from the small characters of fairy tales "Voshebnik Oz" F. Baum, known in Russian translated as "Munchkins";
- animal welfare advocates opposed this breed, considering that cat breeders bring health to sacrifice fashion;
- unusual cat and fees have been known in Europe in the thirties of the 20th century, where they were called cat and kangaroo;
- There is a legend that such short-legged cats were seen in a military Stalingrad, and the front legs at Stalingrad cats were much shorter than the back, which further strengthens their resemblance to a kangaroo;
- there is mention of similar cats that live in the vicinity of Sevastopol.
The Second World War is probably prevented appear rock-korotkonozhek cats long before it happened. Although conditions for this seems to be.
How did munchkins?
Korotkolapost well-known in the world of homeanimals. In particular, such popular dog breeds like dachshunds, Scottish Terrier and bassets surprise nobody. However, in the world of cats, Mancini simply unique.
The cause of such a distinguishing featureas the short legs is ahondroplasticheskaya dwarfism (genetic phenomenon). In fact, it does not as such dwarfism. These dwarf breeds have proportionately smaller part of the body (from head to tail). In achondroplasia are short (and thicker) only limbs, and this happens as a result of violations of the growth of cartilage cells.
If the cat's genotype is dominant geneachondroplasia, then it may appear korotkolapogo offspring. And if one of the cats-parents has short legs, then, among their kittens are born necessarily munchkins.
What a Munchkin?
Numerous medical studiesWe found that the short legs do not limit mobility of dogs and virtually no effect on their viability. While making adjustments in the usual behavior of cats. For example, if the usual cat stand on hind legs to look at something inaccessible, the munchkins behave differently. In this case, they sit firmly on the "ass", using its tail as a robust and user-friendly backup and front paws hang along the trunk. This posture makes them really look like a kangaroo.
Today Munchkin - a muscular catkorotkolapye cat with three varieties of the breed: standard, sverhkorotkonogaya, dwarf. In addition, all these cats can be either long-haired or short-haired type. Coat color is allowed absolutely any in the breed standard. However, short-haired munchkins among the most popular variations of the Siamese color and patterned, and among long-haired - smoky, silver and bicolor.
Among the features worth noting the character munchkinsintellectual ability, friendliness, sociability, curiosity. These cats are very fond of walking on the harness, it is easy to meet new people and other pets, sociable and affectionate. The owners say their munchkins literally devotion dog owner, coolness, faithfulness and playfulness. As a representative of an unusual breed of munchkin cat is a perfect companion that combines the commitment and independence and so is not like other cats.</ P>