Breed toy dogs
The word "fine" as something not very suitable fordogs, although it is already firmly established in our everyday vocabulary and special terminology. On the other hand, the decoration - a decoration. Is not decorate our lives these brave and loyal creatures? Of course, decorate and saturate and make it extra meaning. Breed toy dogs are so diverse, that simply amazed. Among them there are also very tiny and not so small copies. There they were shaggy and hairless, with flat and elongated muzzles, with straight and curly tail, long and short hair. And the temperament of representatives of various breeds too different.
Miscellaneous and their origin. And yet, in spite of different appearance, these dogs have a lot in common. What unites them and why miniature breed is very, very popular around the world? Let's face it.
A bit about the group
Officially the group of ornamental dogs - itninth group of FCI. This group is the most numerous breeds of dogs - it has about fifty species. Especially dogs of this group is that from them will never require any work. And the main purpose was the embellishment of human life. As a rule, they have a small size and spectacular appearance. Selection, selection and breeding of hybrids of ornamental rocks were focused on the qualities that helped these dogs survive it in the house and it is in the hands of man. Therefore, decorative dogs very sociable and friendly. Contrary to popular belief, they are not stupid, but gentle and responsive to affection. They do not know how anything but give love to their owners.
In the usual sense of decorative artistrocks rather conventional. Many breeds that are now usually referred to decorative, are also official or hunting dogs. This group includes dogs that are kept as pets and did not require them to perform security, search, hunting and any other functions. This, above all, companion dogs, among which are and hunting spaniels and the Afghan hounds and bulldogs fighters or Sharp, rat-catchers and terriers and that is fine, such as, for example, the Peruvian Inca Orchid and Papillon.
A bit of history
Since the taming and domestication of her dogcontinued presence in a person's life had two ways. First of all, people have used dogs as helpers in hunting and warfare, agriculture (shepherds), as the guards and defenders. But at the same time almost every home (particularly in wealthy families) were small dogs - for the soul.
If you look at the paintings of old masters, then,usually on the formal portraits of all the ladies (and sometimes children) are depicted with small dogs in their arms. While the large hunting dogs present in the male portraits. And so it was always and in all countries - next to a man always live large, medium and miniature dogs.
But there were exceptions. For example, in ancient China, large dogs were hardly any. Were Fighting and security (Akito and toco), and in most homes and in the imperial palace, and even in the monasteries of small dogs lived. It was the dog of worship and ritual. This popular breed today as the Shih Tzu, for example, generally has been forbidden to sell. These dogs were kept in mountainous Tibetan monasteries and gave only the noble and distinguished guests. A Pekinese palace dog was all that under penalty of death was forbidden to stand outside the territory of the Imperial Palace.
A little about the origin of
It is difficult to say now how it cameminiature domestic dogs. Most likely people were taken to live in his house the finest representatives of the dog family and purposeful breeding tried to fix them this feature. But we know that all the existing decorative breeds of dogs have their origin is not the same.
For example, the eastern group (Pekingese, Chihuahua,Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, and others.) - this iconic dog. Latin American hairless dogs are likely to owe their existence to the priests of ancient Indian tribes. Poodles and griffins were originally hunting dogs. Pugs are descended from powerful mastiffs.
The ancestors of the dwarf pinscher, poodles, dachshunds andtoytererov dogs were of normal size. But in the process of evolution and selection of bidders were awarded a characteristic appearance exclusively to human whim, that in the process of breeding secured them a gene "dwarfism".
But such a very fine dog has aMaltese (Maltese) and Bolognese, having a luxurious white wool, come from ancient Italy. It turns out that these dogs carried in the military campaigns of the Roman legionaries. And you know in what capacity? As living warmers! And in those days it was believed that these dogs promotes rapid healing of wounds.
At the same time, the Yorkshire terrier (anotherowner of aristocratic appearance and elegant silky hair) has the "nizkososlovnoe" origin. In old England, these little dogs fulfilled the function of rat-catchers. And their luxurious fur, they are obliged to coincidence. In Liverpool was developed manufactories and also had a lot of terriers, rat-catchers. The owners of these dogs were always hand in lanolin. When these hands stroking dogs, lanolin got the coat and made it thicker and silkier.
A little about the maintenance and education
In addition to small size dog breedsnothing from their "full-size" counterparts do not differ. Therefore, it is necessary to educate them as well as other dogs. If you let the tiny dog to behave as she pleases, it is of charming baby very soon become a real tyrant.
First of all, any dog who lives witha man must be obedient. Decorative dogs are no exception. They should know and follow basic commands: "place," "me," "Fu", "sit", "stand!". In addition, it is necessary to teach even a small dog to a leash (sometimes to the muzzle), to learn how to behave on the street (for her own safety).
Many dog breeds and sportymobile. Do not forget that these kids need to move as much as large dogs. Therefore, the bowl of Truant, play with them and do not make a walk in the dog's journey on the hands or in the bosom of the owner. However, due to the small size of these dogs are often cold, so the walks are in need of more clothes and even shoes.
Most small dogs prone to overeatingand obesity. Therefore, they should not overfeed. Expect a daily diet of the dog based on its size and not indulge sweets and other goodies are harmful to dogs.
Decorative dogs easily trainableand enjoy studying. And some are just born circus - they can learn how to dance, sing (yes, do not be surprised!) And perform other various tricks. Many representatives of decorative breeds of dogs also easily get used to defecate in the tray, like cats.
Basic care for small dogs isin washing, cleaning ears, trimming claws and grooming. Caring for the hair depends on its features. Long-haired and smooth-coated dogs combed and trimmed, wirehaired trimming.
And, of course, should be monitoredthe health of your pets. Unfortunately, the life of miniature dogs is shorter than that of the large and even medium-sized dogs. But with proper care and attention from the owners, they are able to live to a ripe old age dog. Small decorative dog breeds specifically designed for living together with a man in his house. Their main purpose - to give pleasure, and all my life fulfill this purpose. Selfless love - a priceless gift, and the dog (even the smallest,) can only love a man for what he is!</ P>