How to grow a coffee tree
This coffee tree in the house - it is notexotic. Many, many growers dare to growing this wonderful plant with unusual fragrant flowers. Not only is the coffee tree just magically blooms, it also breeds, giving even a small, but the real harvest of coffee. However, not all varieties of coffee and not all types of coffee tree can be grown indoors. So that your tree has not grown a giant, taking half the apartments (and throw a pity!), Let's find out how to grow a coffee tree, and how much effort and knowledge on your part would require the botanical experiment.
In the wild coffee trees - a largeShrubs or trees, reaching heights of up to eight meters and has about a hundred species. Wild coffee lives in tropical Africa, the Mascarene Islands and Madagascar. Flowers it is very similar to jasmine flowers (but much larger) and possess at least a pleasant aroma. The fruits of decorative coffee no less than its flowers, they look like red or blue-black cherries slightly elongated shape. Cultivated this plant (in order to obtain grains) in the American tropics, in Africa and in Asia.
At room conditions the coffee tree is capable ofgrow up to 4-5 meters (so far as the ceiling height). However, it is so intensive growth can be adjusted by cutting to the desired size and restraining insatiable desire for heaven. In addition to the indoor floriculture has withdrawn special dwarf species of coffee tree. A known and common types of home coffee tree fits Arabian coffee (Arabica), a Brazilian and a Liberian.
Caring for an adult tree is not difficult, andhere its cultivation presents some difficulties. This process is, so to say, is not the easiest. Typically, coffee trees are grown from seed or from cuttings. How to do it?
Coffee tree from cuttings
For this method of cultivation of a new plantpick up a twig from the middle of the crown adult fruiting tree. Better if it will be the last branch growth (they are formed kidney) with two pairs of leaves. If you put just such a cutting, the tree that grew out of it will begin early bloom and bear fruit.
Sharing a landing made as follows:
- The stalks are cut, making the indentation from the bottom pair of leaves for about two to three centimeters.
- On the lower part of the cutting of the sewing needle makes several longitudinal scratches, which contributes to the rapid formation of roots.
- Sharing (only the lower part) were placed hoursfor three hours in a solution of one and a half liters of water and one fourth of IAA tablets (plant growth stimulator, a plant hormone). Or half a liter of warm water and 25 mg IBA acid. In such graft solution is placed about 15 hours.
Any suitable soil for rooting cuttings, butit should be breathable and retain moisture well. The most suitable substrate for rooting cuttings of coffee tree is considered to be a mixture of one part peat (or sphagnum bog) and one part perlite (expanded building sand). Pour into a container substrate is left in the backwash condition and shed a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Sharing vertically immersed into the groundtwo, two and a half centimeters, and a pair of lower leaf as digged into the soil. With this method of landing can be expected almost completely rooting because the additional roots are formed at the site of leaf growth. After that planted sapling again pour potassium permanganate, cover with a plastic bag or plastic bottle, making holes in them for ventilation.
Such mini-parnichok will maintainsuitable for rooting temperature, which ideally should reach 25-27 degrees. The higher the temperature, those roots will give graft, but at a temperature above 32 degrees the effect is reversed. rooting period lasts for about 37-40 days, during which the future of a tree it is necessary to spray and protect from direct sunlight.
Once the handle has its first toprostovaja kidney - he gave the roots. And after the first of a new pair of leaves sapling already can be transplanted to a permanent place. However, it should be done very carefully, because the root system of the tree, baby is still quite weak. Transplant suitable mixture of four parts sod peat two parts and one part of sand and 10-12 cm diameter pot.
On the bottom of the pot is placed drainage (about 1 cm) andpoured prepared soil. Sapling coffee tree planted very carefully, placing roots on a small hill rolled in, straightened them and covered with earth. Then the tree watered abundantly.
The benefits of breeding cuttings coffee tree are:
- save all the properties of the parent tree;
- early flowering (even during the establishment);
- full fruition early (already at the annual tree).
The disadvantage of this method can be considered only what grown from cuttings coffee tree care requires complicated by the necessity of forming the crown.
Coffee tree from seeds
For the cultivation of coffee trees from seedssuitable only fully ripened fruit of the coffee (they can rip straight from the tree). It is believed that two Bobkov berries germinate better. Coffee beans are very capricious and rapidly lose viability, so prepare them for planting should be promptly. For this seed was purified from "peel" (the outer shell) and first washed with plain water for half an hour and then soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
By the way, the soil for planting coffee beans tooyou need to prepare in advance. It should be loose, slightly acidic and have time to settle (or present) before planting in two weeks. For planting the bean is considered to be the most optimal soil mixture of two parts sod land, one part sand and one part peat. Experienced growers recommend that prepared the ground steamed or calcined in the oven.
Each coffee seed planted in a separatepot to a depth of one centimeter. The grain is put into the ground convex side up: so they are easier to grow. Pasazhennoe seed (as in the case of cuttings) are watered and covered with a jar or plastic bottle.
For the germination of seeds need temperatures of not less thannot more than nineteen and twenty-four degrees. In such circumstances, in about a month and a half will be the first leaves, protected seed coat. Before they are freed from that shell, seedlings should be kept in a moist (very wet) environments. But after their full release can (and should) begin to teach this delicate coffee germ to normal room air. To this end, the bank is removed from the pot first, for a moment, and then gradually increase the time of airing.
Young green sprout necessarily begindrevesnet, becoming a little more, but now the coffee tree. This process can be intimidating beginners "coffee planters", so it looks like some disease. First on a green stalk appear unsightly brown spots, and the stem itself looks like it starts to dry up. At the same time he can actually dry up almost half. Then the spots gradually enlarge and coalesce, becoming a "crust" of the trunk of coffee tree.
In the first year of cultivation only the trunk grows, andCrohn's tree is not formed. And in the second year they begin to grow skeletal branches of the crown. To give the tree the splendor of these branches must be trimmed slightly. In the future, no longer crown formation of such a tree is not required. Incidentally, no problems with the formation of the crown can be attributed to one of the main advantages of the tree grown from seeds. And it is quite simple and cheap. The lack of reproduction by seed - it later fruiting.
Therefore, knowing how to grow a coffee tree fromseed or cuttings, choose the method that you prefer. And let this growing experience will be successful and fruitful (in the literal sense). And there, staring, and his own grown coffee will be brewed. Well, in order to surprise the guests but to amuse his own vanity.</ P>