Croton: Care and maintenance of plants
The visitor to our house from northern Australia andcores Pacific croton has quickly become a very common and popular potted plant. Like many people from the hot tropics it is quite capricious. However, croton flower self-care requires a very cumbersome, so present in many collections of indoor plants. Let's take a closer look with the representative of the family Euphorbiaceae, and learn how to care for it and the conditions in which it contain.
Flower croton in nature and at home
Latin name Croton «Codieum». Euphorbiaceae This evergreen plant with stiff, leathery leaves. In nature codiaeum presented in many different varieties, but the room croton - it usually codiaeum variegated, shrub with woody trunk and large leaves.
Under natural conditions, hot and humid tropicscroton grows polutorametrovy shrubs and even two- and three-meter trees. Dimensions Indoor croton more modest. Usually they do not exceed one meter, and most often at home croton reaches 30-70 cm.
His decorative he owes bright leavesdifferent colors and shapes. croton leaves are broad and narrow, straight, twisted and bizarre jagged edges. croton leaves Painting is very diverse - from green to crimson. Young leaves at the top part of the plant have a green or yellow color. However, as the growth they are colorful, changing color and covered with red, orange and pink spots.
All the beauty of croton lies precisely in its brightly-colored leaves. Therefore, inconspicuous yellowish-white flowers that he blossoms, usually terminated to the whole force of its growth getting any leaves.
Requirements for the content of croton
As already mentioned, quite capricious and crotonIt requires constant attention from its owner. However, favorable conditions for its content is quite possible to create a space of human habitation.
This plant is heat-loving, so suitablethe temperature in the room - one of the conditions of croton. From it depends directly on the health and condition of the plant. At too low a temperature croton roots can begin to rot. The most optimal temperature for the content of croton - twenty, twenty-two degrees (but no less than seventeen!). In addition, the croton is very sensitive to temperature changes and drafts.
The following condition croton content - lighting. This flower is love of light, so it should grow in a well-lit area. In addition, lighting affects leaf color. With a lack of light croton leaves lose their decorative effect and become prosaic green. Detrimental to the leaves and to direct sunlight, which can cause them to burn. Therefore, from direct sun flower should be pritenyat and light to the bright daylight after the autumn-winter dormancy gradually accustom the plant.
Watering. In the summer and spring croton watered regularly and abundantly, avoiding drying out the soil deeper than a centimeter. In winter and autumn reduce watering. This is due to the slow evaporation of water at lower temperatures. If in the cold water the croton as well as in summer, it will lead to root rot and death of the plant. Water for irrigation should be defended and warm as when watering with cold water can relieve croton leaves. By the way, croton leaves - beautiful watering adequacy indicator. Once the plant lacks moisture, the leaves droop it together. In this case, you need to croton abundantly watered and irrigate. But better, of course, such a signal not to wait.
High humidity - a prerequisitecontent croton. To maintain sufficient moisture the plant should be sprayed daily with water at room temperature, and to maintain the cleanliness leaves to wipe them with a damp cloth or sponge. In the summer and in the spring it is necessary because of the high temperatures, and in the winter because of the dryness of the air. In addition, during the heating season special humidifiers can be used either to increase the humidity by placing a bowl of water near the plant pot.
Reproduction and transplant croton
you can use any clay for planting or crotonplastic pot with a mound at the bottom of the drainage layer. To use the expanded clay drainage, as well as a mixture of ceramic shards and charcoal. A suitable ground for young Croton - a mixture of one part sod land, two parts leaf soil and one part sand. For adult and large plants in a soil mixture is added over turf ground.
Propagated apical cuttings croton(The main method), air layering and seeds. For propagation by cuttings straight cut tip of the separated lignified shoots with two leaves and a bud. Slice the mother plant sprinkled with powdered charcoal. Sharing briefly put into the water to wash away the latex and then dried the cut. After that stalks are planted in a pot, which is covered with a jar or plastic bottle, creating a microclimate for rooting cuttings. As a substrate for rooting use sand or a mixture of sand and peat. Within a month, the resulting mini-teplichku airs, sprayed and watered the young seedlings and then planted rooted cutting to a permanent place with suitable soil.
Propagation by air layering is used,when adult stem croton much laid bare. In this bare branch tip to the ground, secured and sprinkled with soil. Once it takes root, it is cut off from the parent plant and planted in the new pot.
For reproduction croton seeds planted in theirteplichku same as cuttings. They do it in the winter, in January or February. Seeds not dig into the ground, as they ascend in the light. Seeds germinate in three to four weeks.
Frequent transplantation is not required for Croton, butyou repot it necessarily need. However, no more than twice a year. But the young growing items (under the age of three years) - every year and always! Transplanted croton in early spring in a small pot, as Croton does not like large dishes in the cramped space of the best breaking new soil mixture. Transplanted plants should be watered abundantly, and in the future to take care of him in a familiar pattern.
Formation of croton crown
For a beautiful crown croton, adult specimensmust be properly and regularly cut and pinch back the young plants. First pinched carried out on the plant has reached a height of ten to fifteen centimeters. Follow-up - as it grows escape, every twenty centimeters.
Pruning is carried out as branches of growth, removingextra branches and forming a beautiful and flat crown. Places slice sprinkled with charcoal necessarily. Incidentally, cut shoots can be used as cuttings for propagation. All work on pruning and topping croton carried out in gloves, as the milky juice of this plant is poisonous!
Proper care will give you a Crotona magical plant, which is not only very beautiful, but it has very interesting properties. It is believed that the croton is able to awaken in man of eloquence, to restore order in his mind, to protect against disease, cause positive emotions, and enhance immunity. Do not believe me? Then see for yourself, he settled in his house this unusual tropical flower croton.</ P>