Ginger - growing in the home
Ginger ale, ginger tea, gingerbread -All this conjures up thoughts of something very European (or, conversely, very oriental), delicious and even to some extent a very fabulous. And certainly not about exotic medicinal plant, a native of the southern countries, which resembles its appearance bamboo shoots, and by the way, very beautiful flowers. Most of us are now familiar with ginger because of the fashion for Japanese cuisine and tradition serve slices of pickled ginger for sushi and rolls. Knowing him as a spice, the question "Ginger: growing or buying" we are not puzzled.
Meanwhile, ginger can easily be pottedor garden green pet. This is not only a versatile spice and an aphrodisiac, but also one of the oldest medicinal and flowering plants. Ginger is valued for the amazing properties of the root, like the mystical mandragorovogo man. It has a flavor reminiscent of a mixture of mint and lemon and incomparable burning taste. It is added to sweet and bitter drinks, meat and fish dishes, desserts and pastries.
How does the plant itself, few people know, soas I used to contemplate ginger only in the form of fresh or dried roots or flavored powder. That is why the attitude of experimentation lovers room and suburban flower downright provokes growing this exotic plant in a flower pot or on a country site. And as practice shows, it is not difficult to do. Ginger can reach meters in height, and even bloom With good care and proper conditions. Let's get started ...
Where to begin?
Seeds Ginger is not propagated for one simplereason: in nature in the wild it does not already exist. And in the industrial breeding it does not give full seed. And there is no need in this, as ginger is easily propagated by dividing the rhizomes.
The cultivation of ginger in the home neededstart with the selection of planting material. To do this, it is quite suitable fresh root, which can be purchased in the produce department of almost any supermarket. Buying root it for planting, choose a rhizome with a smooth and shiny skin. It should not be too dry or (worse yet) peremorozhennym, and most importantly, it must be a sprout buds (eyes like a potato).
Before planting is put back in the warmwater (an hour or two or three) to awaken the buds to grow. If you are going to put not the whole spine, but only part of it, then the cut or air dry powder the ash (activated charcoal). Pot for this unusual houseplant needs broad as ginger root system grows in breadth. At the bottom of the pot put a drainage layer thickness of three or five centimeters. Prepare the soil mixture, well lets air: turf ground, leaf mold and sand in equal proportions. And now plant the root, burying it in the ground to a depth of two to three centimeters eyes up, after which the newly made abundantly pour the flower bed. If done correctly, then after about two weeks we will have the first shoots of ginger.
Caring for the growing ginger
After it appeared green from the groundshoots, your task is to become a good and competent care for them. Ginger - plant heat-loving and water-loving. Therefore, basic care is reduced to the frequent watering and maintaining the warm and humid climate near the plant.
Desiccate the soil in which grows gingerunacceptable - it will lead to the inevitable death of the young plants. Watered as needed: little and often. After each watering carefully and shallow loose soil. To maintain humidity ginger spray growing every day (or every other day).
Ginger loves light. Therefore provide him sufficient daylight, but protect from direct sunlight. Like any growing bodies, young ginger should be fed. So for better growth add to his diet of mineral and organic (preferably complex) fertilizer for indoor plants. Here, in general, all the basic rules of care for growing ginger.
Ginger in the garden of the villa
For the cultivation of ginger in the garden of hisalso must first sprout houses, planted back in February and March. In spring and summer he will begin active growth. By this time, the ginger should be transplanted to a bed. It is clear that to grow in the garden, you can not sprout a root and a few - while in your garden of a few bushes are green ginger. From the moment of landing until full ripening spicy rhizome must pass six to ten months, depending on the climate: in warm regions it will ripen faster.
Digging roots of ginger should be in the fall, afterthe leaves turn yellow and wither away. If you are planting ginger in decorative purposes, for its exotic flowers, leave the roots in the ground to hibernate. Then the probability of flowering ginger in the coming season will increase many times over. Caring for plants in the open ground is also not difficult. It needs to be watered (avoiding over-drying of the soil), protect from direct sunlight and spray.
Spicy ginger roots are ready for use on thetheir intended purpose within three to four months after planting. But by this time they are still quite small, although it has all the flavor and aromatic qualities. It requires at least eight to ten months to produce a good crop.
Fresh young leaves and stems of ginger are also edible. They can be used in salads at any time, but for large rhizome pruning is not necessary to get involved.
Keep fresh ginger roots can be in a dry placeor in the refrigerator for several months. For longer storage, the rhizome should be crushed and dried. By the way, dried ginger has a stronger flavor and pungency.
In the cultivation of ginger on a windowsill or ingarden no fundamental differences. For the success of this venture simply to comply with the requirements for growing conditions. Here are some tips from the practice of home "imbirevodstva".
- For planting is necessary to divide the spine at jumpers processes.
- In order to protect the plant from fungal diseases, root before planting to be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- To ginger not only grew well, but also bloomed, it is necessary to fertilize the potassium (for growth) and phosphorus (for flowering), fertilizers.
- Spray ginger need often: almost every day, and even better - several times a day.
- The best place for growing ginger - penumbra.
- For the cultivation of ginger house can be planted at any time of the year, but this is best done in the winter.
- At room conditions the pot of wintering plants should be cleaned in a dry and cool place where the temperature will not rise above 15 degrees.
- If ginger is cultivated for human consumption, it should be fertilized with organic fertilizers for vegetable (edible root) crops.
As you can see, much difficulty cultivating gingerIt is not. Therefore, if you have strong spirit of experimentation, or if you just want to try to grow exotic plants at home or in the garden, the ginger is quite suitable for the realization of your crop plans. Personally grown up this amazing fabulous spice, you and your ego to amuse, and will cook the ginger lemonade in the summer and bake Christmas gingerbread winter. And you always have at hand is not only a universal remedy for the common cold, but also a wonderful spice, awakening love passion.</ P>