Strawberries: planting and care
The first season of berries! And what a flavorful and juicy, sweet and beautiful! The benefits of this berry also all heard. And vitamin C in it more than the lemon. And calcium as milk, and antioxidants such as green tea ... Useful and tasty, interesting for cooks, and for gardeners - no wonder it has become a popular culture of our country sites!
Incidentally, the strawberries are very often (and wrongly)called strawberry. Although strawberries and strawberry higher, and leaves her lighter and smaller berries. But the big difference in the cultivation is not observed. Strawberry or strawberry - planting and caring for them are virtually identical. Therefore, we will not find out all the botanical details, but let's talk about the common rules of these berries growing.
How to grow strawberries on your site (strawberries)? Consider the features of planting and care, guaranteeing excellent crop of strawberry or strawberry (as we call it).
What will be the key to a good harvest? Properly selected variety, well prepared place, competent planting and careful nursing. So…
Varieties of strawberries and strawberries in abundance. Breeders here have worked on glory! What did not offer us the garden centers and nurseries. Berries ripening different, different size, different yields, different shapes and different taste. Here, unambiguous advice to give is simply impossible. Each variety has its own advantages. It is best to choose to grow in the garden of released varieties. They are most suited to the climatic conditions of specific regions. Further, it should focus on their own goals and tastes. Choose Sort by date maturity, the yield, the degree of sweetness of the berries.
You can certainly buy in the elite classnurseries. But it is worth doing only for experienced gardeners. If you just start to realize your gardening hobby, stop the choice on the local varieties. With them and less hassle and risk.
But no matter what grade you choose, take the cultivation of strawberries is in good faith.
Prepare the planting site
First, this is the place to choose. For planting strawberries are best suited slightly acid or neutral soil. A Place in the flower bed should be sunny and flat. However, the gentle south-western slopes are also suitable for strawberry plantations. Strawberry nemorozoustoychiva well winters only under the snow. So choose for her landing site, where it will not accumulate cold air and blows the snow. Not suitable for strawberries and humid place.
Before the unit beds treat the soil with ammonium nitrate (200 g per 1 sq. M) and any herbicides.
For the strawberry patch dig the ground, loosenher fork and smooth rake. Dig up the flower bed sprinkle two-centimetric layer of sand. This will create uncomfortable conditions for the emergence (and stay) in your strawberry snails and slugs.
Choose a planting time
Planted strawberries can be from early spring untilautumn. In the spring, at the beginning of the summer season - the sooner the better (depending on climate). In the autumn necessary to have time to plant strawberries for two or three weeks before the first frost (also depending on the region).
The best time for planting seedlings purchased - itSpring (since mid-July). To put it desirable in cloudy weather. And in the clear and hot weather - in the evening. If you are seated strawberry mustache, then it should be done after the mustaches completely ripe - from late July to September. Digs each outlet with a large lump of earth. This change will be less traumatic for the strawberries.
Seeds are sown home (or in the greenhouse) atFebruary-March (together with other sprouts). In the open section seedlings from seeds planted in May. It is possible to grow seedlings in the summer (in the garden under the film). Young bushes seated on a permanent place in August.
Choosing a method of planting
There are three types of planting material for the strawberry patch:
- Sprouts (mustache)
- delenki by adult bush,
If you do not set out to grow somethingunique, it is a suitable material for your strawberry plantations are young rosettes. They appear in many mustache mature plants. Such mustache you'll find in abundance at their (or neighborhood) beds. Usually pluck mustache. But for reproduction leave them in the strongest and productive bushes.
Another possibility planting strawberries - division. In this way, often propagated beardless strawberries. A strong and healthy shrub is divided into several parts, which are then planted in the new beds.
For the cultivation of strawberry remontant useand seeds. Such planting strawberries is also suitable for rare or unusual varieties. In addition, this method guarantees a healthy plants. But planting strawberry seeds is very time-consuming method. From sowing to first harvest it takes a long time. So this method is suitable either very patient or very keen gardeners. The majority prefers not particularly burdensome approach and quick crop. Therefore, we are planting strawberries on their plots often sprouts from the whiskers.
Cooking the seedlings
Strawberry (strawberry) has an insidiousfeature. Most fruiting bushes give a little mustache. But lush green and generous mustache copies of which want to nip off and mustache, stingy on the berries. Therefore, a mustache is better to take from less lush, but more productive plants.
Outlets need to choose the largest (greater thanbush, the larger berries on it). Learn to distinguish genetically small mustache from another nevyzrevshie (and therefore smaller). Genetically small true leaves have already formed at the roots. Second at its modest size roots do not yet have. That such a mustache is quite possible to grow high-yielding plants.
When planting strawberries you use a rooted outlet, they should be carefully digging with a small lump of earth and immediately transplanted to a new location.
Seedlings should have purchased before boardingRinse. To do this, prepare a solution of three tablespoons of salt, one teaspoon of copper sulfate and 10 liters of water. Soak it in seedlings for 10-15 minutes and then rinse with clean water.
The beds are planted outlet with three or fourleaves. Planting bushes in the hole at a distance of 25-30 cm distance between the rows -.. 60 to 90 cm is very important that the socket heart (place leaf growth) is flush with the ground. Otherwise, bush or rots or dries. To the roots are well dealt, you can fill in the hole and mound it planted seedlings prisypaya ground.
After planting, water the strawberries should be immediately. The first two days the bushes need to be protected from the sun (cover pieces of paper). Then, for a week, two or three times a day to water from a watering can (to seedlings began well). Then it will be enough to water a new flower bed once a week. If you suddenly decide to young bushes bloom, the flower stalks should be removed (all the time).
In August, a bed with a young strawberry need a coupletime underfur and zamulchirovat in October. Properly planted seedlings for the winter has become a strong and bushy shrubs that will provide them with a good wintering and first harvest.
Caring for strawberries
They say "what goes around, comes around." For the cultivation of strawberries a "seeding" a little. This berry is quite capricious, and require constant attention and care. There are general rules of competent care for strawberries. Basically, they boil down to the watering and weeding.
Watering. No watering will be a good harvest. In the summer garden bed with strawberry dries quickly. Therefore, it is best zamulchirovat. For this fit the hay mown lawn grass, sawdust. Decomposition between bushes and mulch to retain moisture will prevent the berries from rot.
Weeds. Of course, the weeds are not mortal enemies of strawberries - still she came out of the forest, where it grows in the grass. But they can affect the quality of the crop. Therefore, if you want to grow big and juicy berries, weeding, alas, is needed. Despite the fact that strawberries very well suppresses weeds, you need to remove grass in between the rows, and in the bushes.
Older leaves. We need to constantly pick strawberries reddening leaves. Thus will rejuvenate shrubs. It is also desirable to carry out a radical and rejuvenation. To do this, after 3 weeks after collecting berries mow all the foliage. For what? To stimulate growth, the exemption from infections and pests of settlement. Strictly speaking, mowing can not be called a necessary measure. But in some cases it can not hurt. And certainly, no harm from it is not.
After cutting and collection of leaves, it is desirable to handle lobe bushes against diseases and pests and fertilize strawberries fertilizers.
With fertilizers need to be careful. With an excess of nitrogen fertilizers (such as manure) on your garden beds large bushes turn green with small berries. Therefore it is better just before planting to make a small amount of rotted compost or manure. A use as ash feeding.
For the literate growing strawberries, note the following on their site.
The following summer after planting (the first year of fruiting) strawberry yields a good, but not the highest yield.
Vintage-repetition is the most abundant: the berries are many and large.
In the third year of fruiting berries are slightly smaller, but the yield is not reduced. This happens in the fourth year: the harvest is lower and shrinking the berries.
So after three harvests (four years in one place) strawberries removed.
So to keep a good harvest and needhave three beds of strawberries: first, second and third year of fruiting. New strawberry it is advisable not to plant where it has grown. Become a strawberry can be no earlier than three or four seasons.
That such simple and certainly helpfulrecommendations will help you to grow up on his site this wonderful, delicious, beautiful and useful berry. Attach a silent patience, diligence, knowledge - and the success of your strawberry-strawberry "plantation" will be provided!</ P>