How are birth: Stages
- Start of labor
- How to reduce the pain?
- The expulsion of the fetus
- The birth of the placenta
Every expectant mother is looking forward to the emergence ofin the light of a small miracle. She is preparing to meet with the baby face-to-face as much as 9 months. However, many women pursuing fear of childbirth. It can be avoided in advance to find out everything and get ready. You should know how the birth, how to facilitate the fight, what to bring to the hospital.
Please be aware that childbirth - a unique process.
Every woman they are different. However, common elements, of course, there is.
Deliveries are divided into stages.
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Start of labor
Everything happens gradually. During the 9th month of pregnancy the body is actively preparing for the upcoming birth. The placenta begins to change hormones, rebuilt various physiological processes. All this leads to the launch of labor. Approximately 1-7 days before the fetus must move mucus plug. It can go as often or all at once. It is brown or beige color, sometimes streaked with blood. The consistency is lumpy goo. Sami delivery may begin as a discharge of water and once with contractions.
Discharge of amniotic fluid - the processpainless. This occurs when the fetal bladder bursts. It may break relatively far away from the cervix. In this case, the water are gradually. Alternatively, the bubble bursts near the cervix. Then the water depart continuous stream. If this happens, you should immediately go to the hospital. The fact that after the discharge of water, the baby in the uterus is no more protection from the bacteria of the cervix and vagina. After breaking membranes woman should give birth to no later than 12 hours.
It is also necessary to pay attention to color andliquid structure. Ideally amniotic water must be clean and transparent, without any odor. If the fluid is green or black color, the child may be anoxia. The worst option - the amniotic fluid are mixed with blood. In this case, an urgent need to call an ambulance: there was a detachment of the placenta and the baby's life in jeopardy.
Contractions - a contraction of uterine muscle. They lead to the disclosure of the cervix and expulsion of the fetus. Abbreviations are felt throughout the abdomen. In the breaks between the muscles are relaxed. Sometimes it is difficult to determine the beginning of labor. Pain is almost not felt, the interval between contractions of more than an hour. The duration of the first fights takes 5-10 seconds. Gradually, the intensity and duration of contraction increases, breaks between them become smaller.
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How to reduce the pain?
Over time, the pain increases. It is connected with the beginning of the cervix opening. Uterine ligaments tighten and shrink, the nerve endings at the same time compressed. So there is pain during labor. Sometimes first appear unpleasant sensations in the lower back or abdomen. Many women say that on top of the pain of menstrual contractions are very similar.
Contractions are as follows: starting from the top of the uterus point, the muscles begin to shrink. Then, muscle contraction goes on to the lower abdomen. The intensity of the contractions gradually increases and reaches its peak, which takes approximately 2-3 seconds. Then, relax muscles, reduce held, and pain at the time of retreat.
To ease the discomfort, a woman needs to take the most comfortable position: lie on your side, get on all fours, etc. However, to speed up the delivery process, while there are forces better to walk.
When the battle begins, it is desirablestroking movements to massage the lower abdomen. It is also possible to knead the waist with his fists. Or hand to massage the spine from the coccyx to the neck. However, it takes an assistant for such manipulations.
Water - excellent anesthetic whenbattles. It helps relieve the pain of a warm shower or bath. However, not all maternity hospitals can provide women with such ease. Usually, all confined to shower prior to transfer to the prenatal unit.
The important point is the breathing technique. The oxygen getting into the blood, partially neutralize substances that cause pain. The more air will get into the lungs, the woman will be easier. When fights often need to breathe, inhale through your nose and exhale through the mouth.
In between contractions necessarytry to relax and digging forces for the next wave. You also need to keep an eye on the clock for the interval and intensity of uterine contractions. It is necessary to see how the fight goes. cervix - the longest and painful childbirth. It can last for nulliparous women to 10 hours or more. Gradually increases during labor to 1.5 minutes, and a break is reduced to 1 minute in between.
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The expulsion of the fetus
The next stage of labor - this expulsion of the fetus. Under the influence of labor the cervix must open up to 10 cm. Then the fetal head drops down and goes to the pelvic floor. At this stage, struggles to be added attempts. They represent a reduction of the diaphragm muscles and the press. Thanks to them, manage to increase intra-abdominal pressure, and the child can move forward through the birth canal. Attempts are different from contractions that a woman is able to manage them: restrain or vice versa strengthened. During this period it is very important to listen to the doctor. That is, he sees the whole process and know when it is necessary to strengthen the attempts, in other words, to make an effort. If you act on your own, you can hurt yourself and your child.
When necessary, the doctor makes an incisioncrotch. Such an operation is called an episiotomy. It helps to avoid gaps in the birth canal. After the discharge of the placenta to the cut seam is applied. In this use local or general anesthesia, depending on the degree of tissue damage.
And after so many torments in the birth canal head kid shows. Several more attempts - and the long-awaited miraclefinally happen. When a child is born, he has to shout a natural reaction. Woman after the appearance of a baby into the world feels a great relief. The pain recedes. The child is placed on the stomach of the mother. So there is the first body contact "skin to skin". If there are no contraindications, the baby is applied to the chest, and it sucks a few precious drops of colostrum. But that's not all. Childbirth is not yet over.
Kid and woman is still linked to each other oneumbilical cord. It needs to be cut. This is a painless process, as in the umbilical cord are no pain receptors. baby then examines neonatologist (doctor for newborn). A child is weighed, measured, swaddled.
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The birth of the placenta
The baby has already been born, but weak contractions allthere is also. They need to separate the placenta from the uterine wall and expel it. A pair of light attempts - and the last born. This is the final stage of labor. It lasts from 5 to 30 minutes. Only now the birth of a woman over.
After childbirth the uterus to be cleanedapproximately 1-2 months. This process is accompanied by spotting similar to monthly. If the blood is too abundant or cleansing period lasts more than 2 months, you should see a doctor.
Now you know how the birth. In order to feel confident and able to go through childbirth without complications, it is desirable to pre-acquainted with the hospital doctors and prepare the necessary things. The woman will need:
- clean linen;
- robe and nightgown;
- personal hygiene items (toothbrush, soap, comb, shampoo, toilet paper, etc...);
- disposable diapers;
Usually in the hospital enabled photo and video. Who do the children of the pictures immediately after birth can bring a camera or camcorder.
Here, perhaps, and all. If prepared in advance, a woman will feel the hospital is good and comfortable.</ P>