Pain during childbirth
The first thing that comes to mind at the mention of birth- it is a pain. Whether so it is obligatory? When women describe their feelings during childbirth, they use the word "magic", "beautiful", "delicious", "scary", "stunning", "hurt" and TD Births associated with a variety of experiences, especially in nulliparous, but no woman is not obliged to suffer, giving new life. The contractions (squeezing the abdominal and pelvic regions) and the feeling of stiffness of the perineum are only a small part of such sensations.
Here you will learn about the causes of occurrencepain and learn how to cope with the pain, if it appears. You agree that childbirth is not accompanied by any unpleasant sensations, unreal. But birth plan anesthesia due to fear of pain, it means to deprive yourself of the most beautiful, incomparable minutes.
Also mistakenly believe that discomfort whenlabor can cope with controlled delivery. The so-called controlled deliveries suggest that you can cope with the pain and control the development of labor. Many self-confident women who are used to calculate in advance all the events of his life, may believe in it and, unfortunately, fail. Woman in labor must, first of all, to understand how to transfer control of your body, and even nature itself will tell you how to give birth. By understanding the processes occurring during delivery, you can better prepare for them, can easily give freedom to his body, making childbirth more comfortable and effective.
The most effective - is to learn to relaxyour body that helps you better interpret the signals your body. Of course, even the most intensive preparations will not eliminate the pain completely, but the more relaxed, the less pain.
What is pain?
Pain - is a particular alarm,warning us that the body is some kind of non-physiological process that requires specific measures. This is true for labor. During labor, the pain signals to the woman that you need to relax. When a woman is relaxed, feeling that accompany the fight, show that births are normal. If in a state of relaxed woman experiences pain, it means that you need to change something. For example, back pain will cause a woman to change the posture that will not only reduce discomfort, but also help the child to take a more comfortable position for the passage through the birth canal.
Women are always waiting for the pain duringchildbirth, including its mandatory, and often do not understand what it indicates. If the pain does not pay attention, you will lose the ability to make the necessary changes. The misconception that a woman necessarily experiencing pain during childbirth leads to two extremes: immediate anesthesia or clenching of teeth. The latter occurs in case of the child benefit of the woman decided not to use drugs, but does not know what to do to naturally get rid of the pain.
Pain during labor, which can not be managed, not natural, but less pain, the more confusing.
Pain stimulates the production of hormones that inhibitgenerations. You do not have to suffer pain during childbirth. If the pain is properly understood and properly react to it, it becomes an invaluable assistant in childbirth. Listen to her signals.
What are the causes of pain? Here are some of them:
- The reduced supply of oxygen uterine muscles (pain is stronger, if the interval between contractions is brief and does not make up for the supply of oxygen to the muscles of the uterus).
- The stretching of the cervix (anti-aliasing and disclosure).
- The pressure of the baby on the nerve endings in and around the cervix and vagina.
- Stretching the ligaments supporting the uterus and pelvic joints during labor and the omission of a child.
- Pressure on the bladder, ureter and rectum.
- The stretching of the pelvic floor muscles.
- The fear and anxiety that cause excessive release of stress hormones (epinephrine, norepinephrine, and others.), Spanning generations.
The perception of pain in women is strongly tribaldifferent. The pain may be aggravated by many factors: the duration of prenatal period, fatigue, fear and anxiety, loneliness, lack of mobility or a full bladder. At the same time the sensation of pain during labor can be reduced by the presence of people, supporting, vertical position, immersion and other measures.
Generic pain are influenced by your past experiences, cultural traditions, your ideas about childbirth. Knowing the cause of the pain is easier to deal with it.
Women who believe in the ability to give birth withoutthe use of pain medications, perceive childbirth as a possibility of self-improvement. They believe that the effort involved in childbirth, helping to realize the role of a mother soon. An incredible feeling that a woman experiences during childbirth, are the peak of her sexuality, they can not miss. If the birth goes unnoticed, a woman may underestimate their importance, do not feel fully the enormous changes that awaited her.
Psychology of pain
Most likely, your emotional attitude toward pain will be the deciding factor in your ability to cope with it in the process of childbirth.
The majority of women during childbirth occursa time when the technique of distraction and relaxation, even, it would seem, does not help. It then enters into force moral preparation. If the value of a woman is not only the time of the appearance of her child into the world, but also the associated emotions, a sense of struggle and victory, it will be able to find the strength (with a little help) to cope with the pain. If a woman does not consider important the birth process, then it is not necessary to deal with the pain. But that does not mean a woman is better prepared to leave than the other. They simply have different approaches. Both will be able to look back with satisfaction on his experience of labor, because they themselves have made their choice and got what we wanted.
If a woman gives birth in accordance with theirdesires, she is better able to cope with their maternal duties. Surgery is not the best start for mother and child, as it is associated with fear and great pain. Your choice should provide you with the best possible start.
Fear, stress, pain - a vicious circle
Young mothers, heard plenty of horror stories and watching the distorted grimace of suffering maternal face in the movies, of course are afraid, they are afraid of what they do not understand.
Experts watching giving birth, see howsoftens and opens the womb between contractions, but as soon as the new mother felt fear, neck tensed and closed. It creates a virtuous circle: the fear, stress and pain, childbirth become unbearable. Tearing one of the links in this chain, a woman can cope with the pain during childbirth. The pain becomes less, if a woman knows how to work her body, knows how to relax, to begin to work with it, not against it, if it can overcome your fear.
English obstetrician, Dr. Grantley Dick-Reed proved that women are absolutely not obliged to suffer during childbirth, or be under the influence of painkillers.
Neuro-hormonal activity of all linksyour organs, including the uterus. Fear paralyzes this activity, the uterus worse supplied with blood and oxygen, and, as a consequence, the cervix is not disclosed.
If you try to push at a time whenthe cervix is not ready for this, then there is unbearable pain. The woman begins to feel fear before the next battle, it tightens even more, the cervix is also strained, and the pain increases. In the end, the woman no longer cope with his body. Fear does not allow this woman to give birth normally. Instead of trying to artificially weaken the womb and taking the medication, it is better to try to cope with stress and fear. Then there will be a relaxation of muscle tissue, cervix and revealed under the influence of the sympathetic nervous system.
Fear violates the hormonal balance during childbirth. Genera tightened so as hormones, stopping labor, produced in a larger amount than the hormones that accelerate labor.
To better understand the physiology of fear, let us consider,what happens during normal labor. Disadvantaged due to fear of nerve endings inhibit the work of the lower part of the uterus muscles. Typically, the upper and lower uterine muscles work harmoniously, pushing the baby out. Fear causes the muscles to tighten the bottom, instead of relaxing. At this time, the upper muscles (less exposed to fear) will automatically tighten, and the child is pushed by overcoming the strong resistance of the uterus. Remember that pain often signals that something is wrong and you need to make changes. Pain can also arise if the muscles do not work as usual. Mothers feel this pain pathology than she actually is, their fear increases and the vicious circle of fear, pain and tension is getting closer. Coping with fear, not to develop normal fear only information may be in the pathological. Find out the cause of your fear, talk with experienced women. Other experiences will help you visualize how the same will happen throughout your generations. Of course, no one can accurately predict the flow pattern is your birth, but the more you know about the birth, the less you will be afraid. Identify your fears and try to get rid of them, do not dwell on them.
Try to surround yourself during pregnancyand delivery people who will not charge you fear. Believe in your strength and capabilities of your body. A woman has the knowledge, less afraid and it has a better chance of successfully give birth.
It is not necessary to paint rosy pictures and childbirth,likely you will experience a whole range of new and exciting experiences and the pain can be one of them. But if you know about the causes of pain, it will treat it as a signal. Perhaps the most difficult births become a matter of your life, a new experience can overwhelm you with its power. Be sure that you will cope with them, will be able to restrain them. Use your imagination, get something that will best help you when labor begins.
The natural painkillers - endorphins
Circulating in your body natural hormones, biological assistants help relieve pain and relax during times of stress.
In the cerebral cortex produced compound- Endorphins, morphine-like substances that can suppress pain. They are produced by nerve cells and act on receptors, suppressing pain at the cellular level.
Read about the action of endorphins data and try to create an environment in which your assistants can work with maximum efficiency.
- The concentration of endorphins increases duringfights (especially during the second stage of labor). It is particularly high immediately after birth, then gradually within two weeks after birth, bounces.
- During vaginal delivery endorphin concentrations higher than for caesarean section. Least of endorphins produced in the case where a caesarean section do before labor has begun.
- Endorphin level is higher in those infants who were born with signs of oxygen starvation. The child also receives endorphins during childbirth.
- endorphin level increases during hard work, as is well known, there is no more hard work than childbirth.
- Endorphins stimulate the production of prolactin - a hormone that regulates the work of the mammary glands. Researchers believe that a combination of these two hormones explains the feeling of "miracle" during childbirth.
- Endorphins may cause drowsiness womenafter childbirth. In addition, low levels of this hormone in women who were doing a caesarean section before onset of labor, probably explains arising from them with lactation problems. Production of endorphins depends on the emotional background. The state of stress and anxiety can lead to increased production of stress hormones (catecholamines), which inhibit the action of endorphins.
- Endorphins act differently on different womenas conventional drugs. Maybe that's why some women are more sensitive to pain than others. Unlike synthetic analgesic that as a result of the injection into the body without warning and may cause complications, endorphin constantly helps you during the birth.