Feeding lactating mothers
There are many myths about the thoracicfeeding. Special diet for breastfeeding mothers - the most common myth. And the recommendation of pediatricians in maternity hospitals and children's clinics are based on statistical data: as the number of children with allergies is growing rapidly, and the recommendations include more and more restrictions in the diet of pregnant woman-mother.
As a result, since the early days of breastfeeding breastfeeding mother is so limited, as if she and the baby already has a food allergy hereditary. However, as practice shows, the most common food allergies (the most popular form - diathesis) occurs in children who are bottle-fed, not babies-babies.
Proper nutrition for breastfeeding mothers - the mostan important part of breastfeeding. Experts on breastfeeding, as a rule, it is recommended from a nursing mother to eliminate these allergens menu all red and orange fruits and vegetables such as carrots, red apple, mandarin, orange, etc. But the food is the main source of vitamins, minerals and nutrients needed for growth and development. It is proved that with limited and meager diet breastfeeding mother suffers not only her body, has not yet recovered after the birth, but also the body grudnichka.
The strongest allergens are chocolate, strawberry, crabs, shrimp and peanuts. Therefore, the nursing mother should avoid the use of these products in the preparation of their food menu.
Currently, it is proved that the progressiveintroduction of allergens through breast milk - the most effective method for the baby to develop resistance to the emergence of allergies in the future. Breast milk helps the child get acquainted with the products that he will eat when older. Therefore, the child susceptible to allergies is not recommended to wean until he met with all the products of the mother through breast milk.
The principle of the progressive introduction of new products in the diet of lactating mothers should be observed new mothers with babies under 4 months.
Also, a nursing mother to remember that breast milk is not only allows to adapt the newborn baby to allergens, but also on the child's health depends on it directly.
The basic principles aimed at proper nutrition for lactating mothers:
After giving birth, breast-feeding is responsibleboth for their own health and the health of the newborn child. The amount of breast milk and the content of nutrients in it depends on the power feeding mothers. It is proved that the average calorie diet maternal nutrition during breastfeeding should be 500-800 calories above normal. By the way, it is not recommended to follow a diet for weight loss while breastfeeding.
nursing mothers diet Organization
Mom, breastfed baby, you musteat small, frequent meals, preferably - the bulk of food to consume after feeding, and even some part to eat immediately before feeding - it is believed that from this milk will increase. Should eat in moderation, do not overeat. By the way, it is best to organize a main meal while sleeping baby - this will allow mom to take a comfortable position, relaxed meal and not be distracted by concerns about a child. Especially such a diet is recommended to nursing mothers with babies aged from birth to six months.
A varied diet nursing mothers
Feeding lactating mothers should be as can bevariety, or the absence of any useful product is able to bring her and the child to vitamin deficiency. Not recommended to follow a diet, especially odnoproduktnye, for example, apple, cheese, rice, etc. - It is fraught with a sharp decrease in the mothers body and in breast milk of proteins, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins. In consequence, both of mono - and my mother, and grudnichok - get great stress. Moreover, the baby may refuse the breast, and replacement feeding will provoke the emergence of problems of the gastrointestinal tract of the baby.
The rate of fluid consumption during the day
The liquid nutritional feeding mothers playsimportant roles. Losing a lot of fluid from the body during childbirth, nursing mothers need to make up for it, otherwise it can lead to dehydration. The amount of milk produced depends on the amount of fluid consumed. liquid Minimum required person per day - 1-1.5 liters. It can also be calculated by a simple rate equation: 1 kg should consume 30 ml of liquid. For example, if a pregnant woman is 60 kg weight, the required amount of fluid will be 1.8 liters. Note that this rule only to maintain the body lactating mothers. should consume more than 2-fold to generate a sufficient amount of breast milk liquid. By the way, it is proved that the arrival of milk contributes to the use of a glass of drinking water for 15-20 minutes before feeding.
Carbonated beverages, including mineralwater - nursing mother smoking drink as gases contained in the water excite fermentation processes in the gut, leading to abdominal colic grudnichka. Furthermore, preservatives and dyes can easily penetrate into breast milk. Allowed to drink only non-carbonated mineral water.
Natural juices are certainly useful, but should pay attention, do not recommend juice squeezed red apples, grapes, tomato juice and citrus juice.
You can drink weak coffee and tea. Otherwise, it will negatively affect the child's nervous system. By the way, green tea contains caffeine, even more than the rather weak coffee. A tea with milk - a popular recipe grandmother - does not lead to increased lactation, but also harmful.
Ideally, the main drink of women during lactation should be cleaned filter drinking water or spring water.
Alcoholic beverages should be excluded unequivocally,as it penetrates into breast milk, alcohol can lead to the inhibition of the development of both physical and mental abilities, or, even worse - cause alcohol poisoning in children.
First of all, do no harm to her newborn baby, a nursing mother should make your own menu, taking into account all potentially dangerous products.
Much attention should be given mandatory dishes in nursing mothers menu.
Milk composition is not directly dependent on the fact thatMom eats. Milk - it is very difficult for a liquid composition, which is synthesized from the components of the blood and lymph, and depends on the internal mechanism of lactation.
The potential risk to the baby bearsalting, smoking, fatty meals. It is desirable to completely eliminate from the diet of breastfeeding mothers. Undesirable canned pickles. Harmful and a large number of spices, not to abuse the onion and garlic.
The meat should be present in the dietdaily. Preference should be given to the rabbit meat, white meat poultry, veal or pork. Meat is rich in protein, essential for all life processes of any organism. The protein consists of 22 amino acids at the cleavage absorbed into the bloodstream. With a lack of protein the body loses muscle mass, weakening the immune system, disrupted the rhythm of the heart and respiratory system. The preferred method of preparation - cooking. Frying is not recommended.
Fish also requires the body to a nursing mother. Of the variety of fish is best to choose low-fat types such as - hake, pollack, perch, cod, etc. Fish is rich in protein and vitamin D. The liver of fish, especially cod, is rich in many vitamins and trace elements. The preferred method of preparation - cooking.
Dairy products are important for nursing mothers menuas meat and fish. Milk and milk products are rich in protein and calcium. Calcium is essential for bone system, a good functioning of the cardiovascular and other systems of the body. That lack of calcium causes the development of rickets in young children.
Dairy products improve digestion. It is proved from the nursing mother regularly consumed dairy products, baby less likely to suffer from constipation.
The recommended dose in the use of milk anddairy products, especially liquids such as milk or yogurt, - no more than 500-800 g per day. Exceeding this norm may lead to allergic reactions in children.
Vegetables and fruits are just as important in the dietnursing mothers because of the high fiber content - it contributes to the good functioning of the digestive tract and intestinal system of the body. In addition, fruits and vegetables contain a variety of vitamins and trace elements.
Cereals are rich in dietary fiber, especially buckwheat, millet and oat.
In general, the diet of lactating mothers should be foodsuch as during pregnancy. Special diet or any dietary restrictions may be prescribed by a doctor, in special cases, such as when the mother is a carrier of food allergies on animal dander, pollen, and so on, or the family is on malnutrition.
If the mother or father is suffering any kindallergy, the child can inherit it at the genetic level. Therefore, the nursing mother should be more carefully monitor their diet, as in this case, may suffer grudnichok diathesis, especially in the first two months of life.
However, the nursing mother with allergies should know that, first of all, diathesis in children may cause products such as:
- citrus fruits (orange, mandarin, lemon, grapefruit);
- strawberries, raspberries, sea buckthorn;
- protein of beef and poultry meat;
- fish and fish products;
- soy, legumes and beyond.
Allergies may cause the baby and various additives used in the food industry, for example, colorants, preservatives, flavoring agents, even in the formula.
If a kid is prone to allergies, the nursing motherrequires some dietary restrictions. In the first week or two of life-allergy, usually from the diet of lactating mothers food excluded cow's milk, eggs, meat, chicken, fish, nuts, chocolate, coffee, cocoa, citrus fruits, and much more. Dietary restrictions set by the doctor.
After a certain time of dangerous productsintroduced one by one in the diet nursing mothers. If grudnichka manifests an allergic reaction in the form of redness of the cheeks, dryness and flaking of the skin on the legs, elbows, appear flatulence, bloating and so on. E., This product should be excluded from the diet for 1 month, and then try again to introduce feeding it into the diet.
In short, breast-feedingChild-allergy, of course, require the mother's strict dietary restrictions. But, as practice shows, if all the recommendations of the expert, in most cases the child outgrows their allergies with minimal impact.
By the way, the child is bottle-fedIt requires more stringent dietary restrictions than for infants, and families still have to give up part of products or dishes, so as not to tempt the sweet child, or something tasty, but highly allergenic for him. It should be noted that very often grudnichok may not respond to a particular product, but to a certain recipe, such as stewed meat with cabbage and potatoes, braised with mushrooms. Therefore, even if the mother is not breastfeeding, her diet will have to comply with and, most likely, more than one year.
Thus, breastfeeding mother`s diet foodIt plays a very important role in the newborn baby's health. Make it is not difficult, but if a problem occurs, a consultant on breastfeeding and a pediatrician will help to solve all the difficulties.
Health to you and your baby!</ P>