Psychology of family relations
- Family function
- What is needed for family happiness
- Behaviour spouses
- family existence Stages
- family Species
The fact that the family - is the cell of society, is knownall from childhood. There is even a whole science, which bears the name of the psychology of family relations. Of course, open it in detail in one article is not possible, but we'll try to at least lift the veil of secrecy. After all, every person wants to love and understanding prevailed in his family. This requires a true hard work. And first of all - work on yourself, because it is impossible to demand from loved ones what you did not do himself.
Family and actually plays a very important role inany person's life, and society as a whole. Sociologists, psychologists and family are three main components of any successful family - stability and dynamics of the development and performance of certain functions. And we start a conversation with the most important - with the functions to be performed by the family:
- educational function
For most of us the concept of educationassociated only with children. However, it does not - because the educational process applies to adults. They satisfy their need for expression of paternal and maternal feelings, self-realization in their children. And for society, this function of the family is no less important - in fact the parents socialize their children, thus preparing them for life in the team.
- Home function
Any person has a certain number of householdneeds - food, clothing, shelter. And the family together to meet their needs. Especially important this feature is for children who still can not take care of themselves.
- Emotional function
Anyone in need of a wide range of emotions -respect, recognition, love, affection, psychosocial support and protection. If these feelings in human life are absent, his mental health could be seriously threatened. A family usually allows to get all the emotions. Of course, we are talking about a complete happy family. One can hardly talk about some understanding, support and mutual respect in the family, where one of the members of abusing alcohol, or just being aggressive.
- The spiritual function
In addition, the family meets thesepsychological needs of family members, as a joint pastime, leisure, knowledge and new stuff. It is also very important. Do not believe me? And you look at the family, together going somewhere - else. Satisfied smiling mom and dad, muzzles enthusiastic children - is not happiness?
- monitoring function
Control - this is a very important function, whichperforms any family. And it does not matter what the nature of control. This could be control over the child's learning process, or on the state of health of a family member.
- Sexual function
Sexual function includes a lotconcepts. This sexual education of children, and the satisfaction of the sexual needs of men and women. Probably about how important it is for the proper development of the child sexual education, and we are not talking - all this, and so are well aware. And who can do it better than the parents? Yes, and sexual intercourse between husband and wife avoid the very large number of problems and troubles.
Of course, we talked about those functions whichIt is possible in principle. However, every family variations are possible in either direction. Some features may weaken or even be lost, and some, on the contrary, come to the fore. For example, in recent years become increasingly important emotional, educational and sexual function. Moreover - and within the same family features a balance can fluctuate greatly, moving in one direction and then in another direction. Fortunately, in today's world cinema feature is not as prevalent as it used to - mammoths produce needs no more. And the woman in today's society it is able to provide a decent life not only themselves but also their children. Therefore, marriage is often based on emotional and spiritual functions.
What do you need for happiness?
It would seem that everything is quite simple and clear. So why are there are so many unhappy families? What hinders their well being? Family psychologists call the following terms of happiness:
It is important to be able to hear not only themselves, but alsothe other members of his family - to understand them, to treat with due regard to their interests, tastes, desires. Only under such psychological harmony, you can create a full-fledged family.
- Effective communication
Of course, the modern pace of life often onCommunication leaves very little time. But still try to devote time to communicate with your partner and children. After all, you can talk to and during the execution of Home Affairs, and dinner. By the way, very often families in a crisis situation, get advice from family psychologist make it a rule to dinner all together at least several times a week.
Another one of the foundation stones of a happy family -this trust. In fact, without trust there will be almost nothing - neither sympathy nor mutual respect, let alone love. An example of this is the huge number of families in which the trust disappears, and the relationship rolling downhill.
- Full intimate life
What would not be talking bigots, but, anyway, withoutnormal sex life imagine the family is simply impossible. Of course, we are not talking about situations in which problems in intimate life in one way or another connected with the health of one of the spouses. In all other cases it is necessary to overcome the embarrassment and seek help from a doctor - sexologist. Unless, of course, you and your family the way you want to save it.
- Available Homes
And it is the House with a capital letter. No - no, this is not a posh house or apartment in the city center. It can be a modest one-bedroom apartment was removable somewhere on the outskirts. But family members need to feel cozy and comfortable. They need to know that crossing the threshold of the apartment, they get into their own cozy little world where they understand and support, no matter what happens. In short, "my house - my fortress."
In order to keep the family happy and strong, ideally, it is desirable that the values of life as much as possible match the spouses. Today, psychologists distinguish such basic values as:
- Mutual understanding among all family members.
- Have children.
- Material well-being.
- Separate own housing.
- Confidence in the future.
- An interesting and favorite work.
Another very interesting fact -Numerous case studies have shown that men are more practical than women. They have come to the fore such values as a separate apartment, material well-being and interesting work. And only after that should be mutual understanding between the spouses and children. The women - a more selfless and emotional. For them the main thing - it is an understanding with the spouse and children, and only then to flat and material well-being.
Ladies, do not be offended for it on theirMen! After all, for centuries they are breadwinners and family breadwinners. That is why they have become more practical. But to make it all balance, we have - homemaker.
While men and women are in relationshipsstage "candy buketnogo" period, life in most cases, very bright. However, some difficulties often begin after a year of living together. About 40% of couples say that the attitude of the satellite life becomes more demanding and rigorous. It takes very little time and first love wave passes. The couple look at each other more closely and critically.
In all cases, even the most ideal, comesa certain degree of disappointment. Moreover, as the psychology of family relationships, the stronger was the degree of love, the deeper will be the degree of frustration. But do not despair - it is quite normal and natural process that did not pass either one couple. The main thing - to understand what is happening and to show wisdom and restraint. As a rule, the majority of families very successfully bypassed the first crisis of family life.
family existence Stages
Family psychologists distinguish several stagesthe formation of an average family. Of course, this information is very average, as there are many individual characteristics, such as age of the spouses, the presence of the negative experience of relationships, children from a previous marriage.
- The first stage of formation
It begins, of course, the wedding, andhappy ending stunning news of the imminent birth of a baby. Young couple having no children yet, is in the very early days of family relationships. They learn to see themselves as something whole and united, form the awareness of the concept of "we". The couple used to each other, to a peculiar limitation of his personal freedom, domestic joint study coexistence in the same territory. This step is very important - it is all the subsequent existence of the family will be based. And that depends on it, how comfortable it will be.
- The second stage of family formation
The second stage is also very short duration -It lasts exactly as much as and pregnancy. The successful course of this stage, the future parents should as much as possible to spend together, to talk about the future, share plans. This will help as soon as possible to get used to their new roles - mothers and fathers. As a rule, happy families, who are husband and wife frank with each other, and cases of postpartum depression in the new-born mothers are more rare.
- The third stage of family formation
Parenting. The main stage of the existence of the family - is from the appearance of the child and to its full development as a person. Of course, the main task of the family in this period is to educate children, preparing them for life in society.
- The fourth stage of family formation
It includes those spouses whose children have flutteredindependent life. It begins at the moment when the parent leaves the last shelter of the grown-up children. As a further flow of family life - depends on the spouses themselves. They may become despondent - especially women. In psychology, there is such a thing as the "empty nest syndrome". Unfortunately, at this period of the existence of the family has to a significant surge in divorces.
This is due to the fact that the couple beginfind fault with each other, try to discover the slightest flaws, which over the years did not pay any attention. And inflate all the details to the incredible size of catastrophes. But some couples, on the contrary, are beginning to pay more attention to each other. Their relationship appears again lost in the romance of everyday life. This period ends with the death of a spouse. The life of a particular family as a social unit, is terminated.
All of the above is true oftraditional, familiar to us all family models. But time passes, people and customs vary. Today there are many forms of relationships between men and women who call themselves family. Of course, on the fact of the relationship is very difficult to call the family, but be aware of their existence still stands. At least for common development. So:
- Traditional marriage
Traditional marriage is called exactly the shapefamily, to which people have become accustomed over the years. In this form of the family to the forefront the needs of children and their educational process and law. For a couple, this is the most conservative form of marriage - the maximum number of various prohibitions.
- Civil marriage
Supporters of civil - unregisteredofficially - marriage argue that it differs from the traditional family only the absence of a stamp in the passport. Opponents, on the other hand, argue that civil marriage is different from conventional or non-committal relationships only stay in the shared living space. However, strictly speaking, it all depends on each person and the seriousness of his intentions. In recent decades, this form of marriage is gaining popularity.
By the way, not so long ago, authorities tookdecision and made changes to the legislation. Persons living in a civil marriage for over a year, in the presence of witnesses that they were common household are entitled to all the same rights and duties as the officially registered their marriage the couple.
- Periodically interrupted by marriage
In this case, most of the time the couple spendtogether, however, they consider it permissible to periodically disperse and live independently and separately from each other. And not always the reason for this is a quarrel. Sometimes people just want a break from each other. For these families a way of life is absolutely normal.
- Meet the family
As a rule, these people are officiallyregister their marriage, but living in different circumstances separately. It can be work or study in another city, and maybe just a mutual desire. Most often, the wife periodically visits her husband, preparing his meals, do housework. Education of children and is mainly engaged in precisely the mother. However, sometimes, and vice versa.
- Muslim family
is no different from the Muslim familytraditional. Almost nothing, except that a man is allowed to have several wives. Well, needless to say, the rights of women are violated limit as much as possible. However, in recent years, even Muslim countries gradually began to abandon polygamy to monogamy.
- Swedish family
For the mentality of our people is such a thing asSwedish family, more easily understandable. However, in some countries, this form of the family spread very widely. It would be wrong to think that these people living a Swedish family, binds only sex. Typically, such a family - it's your own little world is small and friendly, full of friendship, mutual understanding and trust. However, for the education of children, needless to say, this form of the family is not the best.
- Free family
Free - or as it is often called,Open the family - this is a family where the spouses have no restrictions regarding intimate relationships outside the family. Sometimes this decision is a vowel, sometimes - not. But the fact remains.
Of course, the psychology of family relations -a much broader concept. But we will tell only about the basics. And this was done not by chance - it is silly to begin studying advanced mathematics, not knowing simple arithmetic, is not it? We wish you all the acquired knowledge went only for the benefit of your family - hope, strong and happy.</ P>