Anorexia: How sick?
- Symptoms of the disease
- The types of behavior in anorexia nervosa
- anorexia Treatment
- Myths about anorexia
- Features anorexia
- Anorexia = perfect figure?
"How ill anorexic? I really want it!"Tragically, every day hundreds of girls and women ask themselves this question. Doctors all over the world beat a very real trouble - more and more women develop anorexia. But anorexia or as it is sometimes mistakenly called anareksiya - it harder complex disease, rather than a simple and harmless way to lose weight, according to many women.
Very often the question of how sick thismost anorexic puzzled young girls who seek the maximum to be like their idols. However, many of them do not know that there is nothing good in anorexia. The only thing that they notice - is the outward manifestation of anorexia - excessively low body weight. However, this is not so.
Almost none of the people faced with suchmisfortune as anorexia, in no way are not welcome his disease, and certainly not proud of their ideal figure. On the contrary, embarrassed her, feeling is still too thick. For example, an anorexic girl during the growth of the eighty-meter weighs only 50 kilograms, but, nevertheless, continues to consider itself excessively thick and unattractive. These concerns take the form of a really strong phobias, transforming a sick person lives a living hell.
Get rid of anorexia is not so - it is simple, becausethis is not a chronic runny nose, reminiscent of myself several times a year. Patients with anorexia people unable to control their minds, thoughts and actions. All life and all the girls thought only about food and their weight: the kind of products, counting calories, thrall imaginary folds on his body. And most of the disease does not leave a woman alone, even in a dream - it suffers the strongest nightmares related to his own body and food. Even in his sleep in the pursuit of the ideal figure of a woman forced to count calories and plan your diet. As a result, a woman avoids sleep, its nervous system is even more exhausted - it turns a kind of vicious circle.
The victim of anorexia can not lead a full imagelife - go on a visit, to relax with friends. The disease is easy - simply pulls the woman from life, dooming her to loneliness and lack of understanding of the people around her - family, friends, work colleagues. A woman may eventually start to believe, at least, strange.
Moreover, anorexia is a realthreat to the life of a woman, as a very high degree of probability can lead to death. It anorexia among all psychological disorders have the highest mortality rate. That is why if you or your loved ones have appeared symptoms of anorexia, you need as quickly as possible, without delay, consult a doctor.
To recognize anorexia, necessary to know at least the main features of the disease. Only in this case it is possible to recognize the disease and to take the necessary measures.
Symptoms of the disease
- Dissatisfaction with their weight at its normal parameters
The first sign of the disease anorexia -dissatisfaction with the sick person with their weight, often perfectly normal. The victim of anorexia are constantly seeking to lose weight and the most terrible nightmare for her - to score at least 10 grams. This fear is completely drowns out all other emotions and thoughts. By the way, in almost all cases, the primary cause of anorexia is a low self-esteem and dissatisfaction with the girls in their appearance. That is why the girl's parents - a teenager is very important to all available means to maintain her self-esteem. And then the question: "Anorexia is sick?" Snaps in front of her.
- Violation of the menstrual cycle
Another very striking indication that the womanit suffers from anorexia, it is a persistent disruption of the menstrual cycle - lack of three or more consecutive menstrual periods. Typically, a physician - gynecologist exposes woman diagnosed "amenorrhea" in the event that may cause menstruation by administering only specific hormones containing estrogen.
- Excessive weight loss
And, of course, it is impossible to talk about anorexiain that case, if the weight of the sick woman is normal. A typical sign of this disease is critically low body weight. However, keep in mind that if the disease is able to determine at the outset, the critical mass reduction can be avoided if timely to ask for help to doctors. Even if the diseased woman flatly refuses to seek the help of doctors, relatives should be alone to visit a psychologist - he will definitely tell you what to do in this situation.
The types of behavior in anorexia nervosa
In many respects, the behavior of women with anorexia is very similar. And yet doctors distinguish two main types of human behavior:
- restrictive tactics
Women who have chosen this tactic behaviorvoluntarily and consciously restrict themselves in amounts of food eaten. Some never eat or per gram more. What they can afford on their own calculations. This woman will never allow himself to eat to satiety, and is always in the mode of extreme starvation.
- cleaning tactics
In the same case, if a woman sickanorexia, chose different tactics of behavior, it will proceed as follows: load up the full, not limiting themselves to any number of food or in its form - it can be fatty and sweet and smoked dishes. However, immediately after eating a woman makes herself vomit or as abusing laxatives or enemas. Typically, such patients explain their actions as follows: "I am afraid to be ill with anorexia," without realizing that they are already sick.
Despite what is anorexia nervosapsychological disease, it is, in contrast to, for example depression or panic attacks, it is extremely difficult to be treated. Universal cure for anorexia does not exist - it's not a headache, which is sufficient to eliminate the anesthetic to take a pill. anorexia treatment is very long, and most importantly, a complex process that requires a lot of effort and time.
First of all, doctors appoint sick womandrugs that have a tonic effect on the body as well as stimulating the immune system. In that case, if the depletion is extremely strong, and the body of the sick woman is unable to eat, it will be assigned to an intravenous drip with glucose needed to maintain the body's vital functions. Otherwise, her life would be in real danger.
Also, almost all women who sufferanorexia, doctors prescribe antidepressants. And it is not without reason - anorexia is almost always goes hand in hand with depression. However, some doctors believe that the use of antidepressants is pointless, and their side effects can only worsen the situation. The most correct will make a decision about the necessity of these drugs in each case individually, based on the state of health and psychological condition of women.
The same applies to tranquilizers. If the doctor deems it necessary, he will appoint them to the woman. These drugs help the sick woman to overcome the oppressive feeling of anxiety and worry. However, it should be borne in mind that tranquilizers cause very addictive, so they can not be used for a long time. And besides, they are in any case should not be prescribed to women who in the past suffered from drug and alcohol addiction, even.
In almost all cases, women with anorexiayou should take drugs containing the hormone estrogen. After all, its absence leads to a huge amount of a variety of complications, such as:
- Osteoporosis. The absence or lack of the hormone estrogen greatly increases the risk of osteoporosis in women, regardless of age.
- Early menopause. As mentioned above, anorexia almost all cases leads to disruption of the menstrual cycle - menstrual period almost completely disappear.
The introduction into the body of the sick womanartificially synthesized hormone estrogen helps to significantly reduce the risk of such complications. The sooner treatment is started like this, the higher the efficiency.
Myths about anorexia
Around there are plenty of anorexiamyths. It is the lack of reliable information leads to the fact that a huge number of women just dream about, to get sick with anorexia. It is these myths will be discussed below.
- Anorexia nervosa - a disease of the gastro - intestinal tract
Many people firmly believe thatAnorexia is a kind of disease of the gastrointestinal tract such as gastritis or gastro-intestinal tract. But in fact, anorexia disease gastro - intestinal tract is irrelevant.
While, at the same time, almost allWomen suffering from anorexia diagnosed certain gastrointestinal disease. This is not surprising - after all, no one, even the most strong and healthy stomach, just simply will not sustain permanent starvation.
- Anorexia does not affect the metabolism
Almost all of the women believe that anorexia doesnot affect the body's metabolism. However, in reality this is not so - because if the body does not get the whole set of necessary substances, the imbalance simply inevitable.
- Admission vitamins help prevent beriberi
There is also another very widelypopular belief - multivitamin complexes able to prevent the development of beriberi. But in fact, very different. Firstly, all multivitamin complexes are only a complement to the vitamins that a person gets from food. And secondly, the exhausted body loses its ability to fully absorb vitamins.
It is important that people close to notice in timethe problem and take the necessary measures. In that case, if the disease is seen in its early stages, there is high probability that the drug treatment is not required. Diet is restored, the appetite returns in full, but the body will again receive all the nutrients. In that case, if the native people do not get to influence a woman, they should seek help from a psychologist. Very often unable to cope with the problem only by a specialist.
In that case there is no anorexiabecause of the desire to get rid of excess weight, and because of the strong stressful situations - death of a loved one, loss of a job, you may need psychiatric help.
It is also necessary to remember that anorexiamay face even children. And in all cases, when a child becomes ill with anorexia, blame adults. In no case is inadmissible forcibly encourage your child to have something - or that he does not want, or try to "cram" in him more than he can eat. Such behavior line adults can cause that occurs in a child resistant rejection of any food. And this rejection is formed on a subconscious level, the child can not control their reluctance to eat.
Anorexia = perfect figure?
A huge number of girls and women believe thatto achieve the perfect figure can be used only if the ill anorexia. Here and there is a pathological "want". However, this is not so - because not all women that we see on the covers of many magazines, anorexic. It's enough to follow the simple rules.
Firstly, we should not forget that a healthynutrition is very important in the struggle for a beautiful figure. Replace high-calorie sweets to the useful fruits and vegetables, fried potatoes - on cereals, mayonnaise - sour cream. Give up coffee in favor of juices and carbonated drinks from in favor of clean drinking water.
And, of course, do not forget that forthe full functioning of the body and the proper metabolism is very important to get enough exercise. Of course, not all have enough willpower to get up an hour earlier and go to the nearest stadium, or the time to visit the gym. However, to withdraw from public transport a few stops early and take a walk or go out on one-hour walk under the power of any of the women.
Of course, many women like mannergain a good figure may seem too difficult, and they prefer to take the easier path - ill with anorexia. However, remember that this ease is deceptive, and the price of success is too high - your health, and perhaps life.
And when you come to your senses, you will face enough challenges:
- Restoring normal operation gastro - intestinal tract
- Normalization complete the work of the kidneys and urinary tract
- The normalization of hormonal background of an organism
- Normalization of metabolism
- Restoring mental health
To all this must be a very long time,patience and effort. And there is not the slightest guarantee that doctors will be able to return the woman to her health in full. Tragically, in most cases it happens that before the end of the woman to recover from anorexia is simply not possible. As a result, instead of beauty and universal admiration for a woman receives a huge number of health problems and sympathetic views of the surrounding people. But surely the woman, saying, "I want to have my anorexia was" meant not so. So is it worth it? No. Do not forget about it, pretty girls and women, beware, before you say "I want". You are good just are what they are.</ P>