Polyps in the uterus: symptoms, treatment
In recent years, more and more gynecologists in the officeand often it starts to sound such a diagnosis as uterine polyp. And more often than anything with this pathology are found not only women who have reached 50 years, but also very young girls. What is this disease, how to treat it and what are the consequences for women's health?
On these and other questions you canfind the answer in this article. Let's start with the fact that find out what is uterine polyp. Doctors this definition is characterized by abnormal proliferation and differentiation of endometrial tissue, mostly ferruginous. Also polyps often choose their place of endocervical localization - the inner lining of the uterus. In all cases the proliferation of polyps against a background of existing female chronic inflammatory processes occurring in female sexual system.
As mentioned above, recently doctorsThey believed that the growth of polyps is due to the deferred delivery or heavily flowing menopause. Svjazanno this misconception that the earlier the disease is diagnosed only in nulliparous women, or those who come or just beginning menopause. However, in recent years, this view is refuted by the gynecologists, and multiple observations.
At present, more and more polyps in the uterusThey found not only in young women, but also women who are in their teens, and not even then did not give birth, and not sexually active. Or, the latter-day polyps in the uterus can be found out from an elderly woman who is in menopause have a very long time.
According to the observations of doctors - gynecologists and the results of numerous studies the most common causes of polyps in the uterus are:
- Hormonal disorders, resulting from any violation of normal functioning of the endocrine system.
- Chronic cervical erosion, especially true erosion.
- Inflammation of female genitals, especially chronic.
Typically, polyps often localized either in the cervix or in its cavity, usually in the upper and middle parts. Much less, but still sometimes polyps are located on the bottom of the uterus.
Symptoms of polyps in the uterus
Of course, the disease, as do others;It has some symptoms. The most important feature, by which your doctor may suspect the presence of a woman's uterine polyps - a profuse uterine bleeding usually appear within a few days after menstruation.
In addition, if the polypslocalized on the cervix, the woman often during intercourse experiences enough discomfort and even pain. And after sexual intercourse in such cases is often a woman can observe spotting.
But, nevertheless, navigate and putthe diagnosis can not only on the basis of these symptoms. Before the diagnosis, the doctor will conduct the most thorough examination of the woman. Typically, diagnosis of uterine polyps is not for the doctor - a gynecologist no difficulty. For the diagnosis of cervical quite ordinary gynecological examination of polyps using special mirrors. Polyps look like pinkish formations that hang from the cervix as a bunch of grapes from the vine.
For the same to diagnose polyps,located in the uterus, it is sufficient to carry out an ordinary ultrasound. By the way, on the neck and polyps of the uterus using ultrasound to detect as possible.
If a doctor is something confused, he may designateMore research is woman, for example, such as colposcopy, hysteroscopy or uterography. When colposcopy the doctor made using a special light device a complete inspection of the vagina. If you made a complete inspection of the uterine cavity, the procedure is called hysteroscopy. And in that case, if the produced X-ray examination of the uterus, it is called uterography.
For further diagnosis of the disease canIt is produced diagnostic curettage of the uterus. The contents of the uterus the doctor will send to the laboratory for histological examination, by means of which the doctor - laboratory assistant determines whether the tumor is not cancerous.
Treatment of uterine polyps
As glandular and glandular-cystic polypsuterine body and cervix are only benign tumors, so the immediate danger to the health of the woman they are not. However, remember that persistent bleeding with a very high probability to lead to the development of iron deficiency anemia, persistent discomfort.
In addition, whatever it was, to doctorsUterine polyps regard as a precancerous uterine disease. Therefore, the disease is not in any way is unacceptable to leave without treatment. Polyps should be removed without fail. However, many women are afraid of panic operation.
And the most frequently asked question to doctorsRegarding the possibility of a woman suffering from polyps in the uterus, to conceive, carry and give birth to a healthy baby. One of the women says that pregnant and give birth must be prior to the surgery to remove polyps in the uterus, and who - it believes that this can be done only if the polyps have already been eliminated. Who is right?
The doctors on the subject say the following. Given that one of the main reasons for the development of polyps in the uterus is a violation of a woman's body in the normal hormonal levels. Accordingly, the polyps can serve as a signal that a child's conception and its subsequent child-bearing can be problematic. You understand that it is much more reasonable to get rid of the polyp, tested for the presence of hormonal disorders. If violations are found, the woman will need to pass an appropriate course of treatment. And only after this plan is having a baby.
But if the pregnancy, thoughunplanned, but still occurred, panic and despair still not worth it - even the largest polyp is no danger for the child. In such cases, treatment of polyps is not performed as long as the kid does not come to light.
Although sometimes there are certain exceptionsthis rule. In that case, if the doctor deems it necessary, he can make the removal of polyps from the cervix in women in the early stages of pregnancy. Those women who have previously had polyps, in any case can not forget about this disease, since it tends to repeat itself. You must undergo regular preventive examination by a gynecologist, especially the first few years after birth as pregnancy and childbirth are often the catalyst for disease recurrence.
Typically, for treatment of cervical polyps and bodyuterus, doctors use surgery and subsequent medication. Especially large polyps, diameter greater than two centimeters, are removed in the following way - the polyp itself is twisted, and his foot at the base of cauterizing electric shock. In that case, if a polyp is removed in the uterus after it is made clean removal of the entire uterus necessary to exclude the possibility that small polyps remain.
A few days after the removal of polypsnecessary to carry out re-examination of the uterus. In case polyps appear again, they will be removed again. And, besides, the woman special treatment gormonosoderzhaschimi drugs will be appointed.</ P>