Hormonal disorders in women: Symptoms
Everyone has heard the saying "Do not born beautiful, andborn happy. " One would like to add - and healthy. A woman's health is primarily dependent on the successful hormonal. All hormonal women consists of four main hormones - progesterone, testosterone, estrogen and prolactin.
In the case where the content of ahormone increases or decreases, there is a hormonal imbalance. This hormonal disorder in women lead to the development of many diseases of female genital sphere and adversely affect the psychological state of women. The consequences of hormonal imbalance, for example, are diseases such as obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, excess hair growth, irregular menstruation, infertility, uterine fibroids, and many others.
The reasons for hormone imbalance
Until a few decades ago imbalancehormonal arose infrequently. The modern pace of life leads to the fact that more and more women of all ages are faced with pathological changes in hormonal levels of the organism, varying degrees of severity. Factors causing hormonal imbalance may be:
- Bad ecology
Doctors noticed that women living in environmentally disadvantaged areas, 30% more likely diagnosed with a hormonal imbalance.
- Fatigue, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
In our time, a woman works and gets the loadno less than men. Plus parenting, housekeeping - all this also rests on her shoulders. However, the female body is simply not designed for such loads, and therefore meets the hormonal failure.
- Violation of the regime of sleep and food
The fact that an adult should not sleepless than eight hours a day, known to all. However, very few women are strictly follow this rule. Lack of sleep, night shifts, chaotic schedule with constant power snacks - all of which can also lead to hormonal imbalance.
- Genetic factor
In that case, if the mother or grandmother of womensuffering from hormonal imbalance, the chances that it will face this problem, increase significantly. These women should be especially attentive to their health, and especially to the state of hormonal levels.
- Term of first sex
From that, when a woman begins to be sexually active, it depends on hormones. By its violation may result in a too early or too late onset of sexual activity.
Types of female hormones
How to determine the hormonal background? hormonal disorders have symptoms are a variety of women, depending on whether it is a hormone lacking. This is what will be discussed below.
And we should start with the main female hormone -estrogen. The first estrogen has an effect at puberty girls - he is responsible for the growth of the uterus and the subsequent work of the mammary glands. In adult women estrogen is responsible for the menstrual cycle, the state of the uterine endometrium, the willingness of genitals to conception, pregnancy and birth of a child.
Additionally, estrogen affects not only the operationfemale genital mutilation, but many other vital systems. Estrogen prevents the occurrence of cholesterol in the vessel wall plaques that lead to atherosclerosis, regulates the water and salt exchange in the organism responsible for the normal level of skin moisture and sebaceous glands.
This estrogen is responsible for sufficientCalcium and phosphorus content in women. With his lack of development of osteoporosis is almost inevitable. In addition, low levels of this hormone leads to the development of diseases such as cervical erosion, obesity, breast cancer, depressive disorders and vegetative state.
Progesterone doctors - endocrinologists isunspoken name of pregnancy hormone. That depends on him the fact whether a woman can be a mother - it regulates the menstrual cycle and the process of conceiving and carrying a pregnancy. This progesterone is responsible for the preparation of the breast for breastfeeding.
Lowering the hormone progesterone can lead tothe development of various inflammatory processes in the uterus, ovulation disorders, of strong and prolonged uterine bleeding and painful menstruation. Clean skin is also largely dependent on progesterone - with its lack of the skin may appear acne rashes and even boils.
In that case, if the pregnancy, andthe expectant mother is significantly lowered levels of progesterone may spontaneous abortion - miscarriage. However, too high of its content can also have a negative impact on women's health, leading to the development of renal failure, the normal menstrual cycle and formation of the corpus luteum cyst.
Many ordinary people believe testosteroneexclusively male hormone. However, in women it plays a significant role. In - First, testosterone is responsible for the sexual desire of women. Secondly, low testosterone levels in the female body may lead to the development of the same kidney disease, failure of sweat and sebaceous glands, as well as the failure of the menstrual cycle.
However, an overabundance of testosterone are also extremelyadversely affect the operation of the female body. For example, often resulting in an excess of the hormone progesterone in women may develop tumors. Typically, suspect the high content of the hormone progesterone can be in appearance and voice of a woman: her voice low enough, and there is ovolosenenie male pattern.
Prolactin also takes the most directparticipate in water - salt metabolism of the body. But his main task is responsible for the growth and development of the mammary glands in girls - teenagers, as well as milk production in lactating women. In the event that insufficient prolactin in the body may mammary hypoplasia, reducing the number of milk produced during breastfeeding child, and the possible failure of the menstrual cycle.
To elaborated in prolactinsufficient, especially in nursing mothers, you need proper nutrition, optimal exercise, proper rest and sleep. At low content of prolactin in the body is sufficiently serious hormonal failure.
Diagnosis and treatment of hormonal disorders
In order to detect the presence in the bodyfemale hormonal imbalance, you should seek help from a doctor - an endocrinologist. The doctor will examine the woman and send her on a blood test. It identifies and hormonal disorders in women. Blood must pass several times, on different days of the menstrual cycle. Thus, it becomes clear what is lacking or hormones produced in excess.
After that the woman in order to establish the causes of hormonal imbalance, will be held the following number of surveys:
- Ultrasound examination of the major organs and body systems.
- Computed tomography of the brain.
- Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.
- A study of the fundus.
Typically, diagnosis of hormonal disordersIt does not provide much difficulty for physicians. In most cases, to restore the hormonal balance in the body is necessary to eliminate its root cause. In addition, a woman must go through the necessary course of hormone therapy - special reception of hormonal preparations. In some cases, there is a need to constantly maintain hormonal therapy. However, this is quite rare.
These drugs are chosen physician -endocrinologist strictly individually in each case - the universal schemes of treatment is simple - simply does not exist. The doctor calculates the dose of hormones, taking into account the weight of the patient is a woman, her age, the indicators in the blood content of a particular hormone, general health and more features. Adequate treatment quickly brings marked improvement - hormonal disorders disappear, the work of the reproductive system of women is restored in full.
A correctly chosen treatment regimen is able tonot only did not improve the condition of women in hormonal levels, but also lead to irreversible pathological changes. That is why in any case not allowed to self-medicate. Do not play Russian roulette with their health. According to the law of probability theory one day you will still lose.</ P>