- Causes of depression
- Signs of teenage depression
- How to teen depression?
- Methods for the treatment of depression
The theme of today's discussion will be thisa touchy subject, as teenage depression. Surely all parents of teenagers know how unstable the nervous system of the child during this period. He is angry or cries for no reason, and after five minutes is already enjoying life. As a rule, in most cases such emotional instability is due to several things.
Primarily, it is the process of so-calledconsciousness, soul-searching. Peace for a teenager is literally turned upside legs, a lot of things open up for him on the other side of previously unknown to him. Agree, this psychological burden is quite heavy, even for an adult, let alone the weak psyche of the child-teen. And add to this first love, most unfortunate ...
And in the second place there is a physical reason -a sharp change in the hormonal background of the child. Adolescence is a global hormonal changes the body. This phenomenon can not pass without consequences, primarily affecting the hormonal background. In order to understand what is being said, remember yourself during pregnancy. It was hard to keep yourself in the hands? The same thing is happening with your child.
In most cases, parents are aware of thesefeatures of adolescence. And this is blamed on depression, irritability and tearfulness their child. But is it always this way? Unfortunately no. As shown by numerous studies of psychologists, about one in eight teen suffers from depression. And often enough serious depression that requires immediate medical attention.
Strictly speaking, any depression deservesattention from the adults. Because depression - a serious mental illness, which in any case should not be allowed to drift. The treatment of depression must deal with child psychologists, who thoroughly understand all the intricacies and peculiarities of teenage psyche. But also from the parents it depends very much, because no one better than them knows their child.
Causes of depression
Doctors often face the samequestion the parents, who learned about the diagnosis of their child - why? Why did this happen? After all, the child is so fond, nothing he did not refuse - he has the best clothes, the best phones, computers and other teenage joy. With him spend time interested in his life, virtually no abuse or condemn. What happened, where parents are overlooked?
But do not sprinkle ashes on his head and blameitself of all mortal sins. This can happen even in the most responsible and caring parents. There is a lot of variety of reasons that can trigger the development of adolescent depression:
- Poor school performance
Many parents think that as a teenagerage, most children are not interested in learning. However, most often it is not - at heart a child stung all its failures, although often tries not to show the form. Moreover - they can hide these feelings behind a mask of indifference, or even feigned bragging.
- Social status of the child
For a teenager it is extremely important social statusin the eyes of peers. Every child wants to be a leader if you do not, then at least to have unquestioned authority and influence on their peers. Unfortunately, this does not always happen. And if the child feels rejected peers, to depression in most cases at hand.
- The psychological situation in the family of a teenager
A significant role is played and the totalpsychological climate in the family. In that case, if the family quarrels and scandals are commonplace, it is unlikely the child will feel comfortable. And many parents mistakenly believe that if they will sort things out so that it does not hear the child, he will never know about it. But they are badly mistaken - teen still feels the strain that will be between the parents.
By the way, about any friendlyatmosphere, we can not talk and if quarrels occur between parent and child. Sometimes teenage maximalism leads to the fact that the child is even quite innocuous remarks parents perceive a hostile reception and scandal. Therefore, parents should exercise maximum wisdom and endurance during this difficult period.
- Sexual orientation
Fortunately, such a cause of teenagedepression is rare. But it still has a place to be, and so on it is worth mentioning. We are talking about sexual orientation. It just so happened that today the non-traditional sexual orientation is not something out of the ordinary.
Of course, for teenagers, but not for theparents. The child is well aware in advance and imagine the reaction of the parents. There was no way out of this situation, he simply does not see. But teens do not recognize semitones - or black, or white. As a result, the child a sense of guilt, anger, fear, all will be revealed soon. And the result - severe depression.
Of course, these are the primary reasons for the possible development of depression. There are actually a lot more difficult to say for sure that would trigger in a particular case.
Signs of teenage depression
Parents should immediately seek helpa psychologist in the event that the child is in a depressed state for a week or longer, and there are other symptoms of depression. Which signs indicate the possible presence of a child's depression, we will tell you now. But do not forget that every child - a unique personality. And it may well be that the symptoms are different in each case - at the aggregate, severity and other parameters. However, an overview of the parents may well make.
The first striking change behaviorteenager. Yesterday it was smiling cheerful child, willingly going on contact. And today he avoids any calls coming from school, rushing to leave his room. All attempts to talk and short answers in monosyllables.
- Break contact with friends
Closure is not only family members, but alsofriends child. He stops to go for a walk with them, to communicate by telephone. In severe cases, the child may even refuse to go to friends if they have come to visit.
- Absent-mindedness and forgetfulness
In some cases, the child there is a strongabsent-mindedness and inability to concentrate on anything, much less to take on their own at least some solutions, even the most simple - drink tea or chocolate.
Child becomes impossible for anythingask - for example, he can go to the store and come back empty-handed because he had forgotten what he wanted to buy. Or forget to pick from the garden little sister or brother. Or lose the second in a row for a month phone ... Most often, parents are angry, faced with such conduct, believing that the whole thing in a banal carelessness and irresponsibility.
- Changing a teenage appetite
Parents also should be wary ifchild's appetite suddenly change. And it may or may completely disappear and worsen at times - maybe even body weight change very much. Incidentally, the change of appetite - do not want to scare parents, but in some cases, change in appetite - especially its episodic strengthening - may indicate that the child began to abuse drugs.
- The appearance of fatigue and physical pain
In some cases, the child may regularlycomplain of pain, for example, in the abdomen, back, or headaches. Parents assign the child to the doctor, he examines it but finds no abnormalities. However, the pain persist. Doctors call this phenomenon of psychosomatic pain. They are often a constant companion of depression.
In addition to physical pain may at the time of depressionobserved chronic fatigue syndrome. The child feels exhausted and frustrated in the morning, all the actions are given to him with difficulty, he always wants to lie down.
- Disruption of normal sleep patterns
Sometimes constant fatigue is not farthe only problem with teenage depression. Very often there is a sleep disorder. Child can torture or insomnia, or, conversely, hypersomnia. And one, and the second condition should cause parents concern, as they may indicate a very serious violations in the work of the central nervous system.
- Rebellious teen behavior
Sometimes depression is an effect and not apathyindifferent to everything going on as well. on the contrary, defiant and rebellious behavior. First of calm and balanced child begins to rebel, insolent parents. Sometimes adults think that a child as if purposely makes them all defiance.
In severe cases, the child may beginsmoke, use drugs and alcohol. Accordingly, it can start with the law. It is important for parents to react in time and take the necessary measures. Tragically, it happens not in all cases, because most parents spend too much time at work.
How to teen depression?
No less interesting is the question of parents - bothdiagnose this very depressed. The unequivocal answer can not provide even the doctors. After a mental disorder - it's not cold and not appendicitis. And there are no tests that would detect depression. And x-rays and ultrasound in this case, too, absolutely powerless ...
Therefore psychologist forced to diagnoseteenage depression, based solely on the complaints of the child or his or her parents and teachers, as well as the results of various psychological tests that are sure to be offered the teenager. On the basis of all the data obtained, the physician evaluates the severity of the disease, finds out whether or not the adolescent suicidal, selects the optimal treatment regimen.
Methods for the treatment of depression
Today we know enough medicinemany ways to treat adolescent depression, including psychotherapy and drug therapy. However, be sure to remember that in any case unacceptable self-giving your child any kind was not pharmacological agents.
Pharmacology in one voice say that the receptiona number of antidepressants is able to not only improve the child's condition, but also to push him to commit suicide. Especially if the depression is very hard and is in an advanced stage. Therefore, all medications should select only the attending physician of the child.
By the way, and the treatment itself should be carried outonly under strict medical supervision. In that case, if the doctor notices certain deviations, he will be able to adjust the therapy immediately. Parents also is unlikely, so do not risk the child and even try.
Most likely, your child will have to attendpsychologist or psychiatrist, who will carry out corrective sessions. Sometimes the child refuses to go to the doctor - it significantly aggravates the situation. Therefore, if such happens, doctors often offer hospitalization. Parents in any case should not give it up, because at stake is the most expensive - health, and perhaps the life of a child.
But parents during treatment depends notless. In order for the child to normal as quickly as possible, it is necessary to feel the love, care and support of both parents. It must be clearly aware that you will love him, no matter what happens. Well, in that case, if the relationships in the family is poor, consider the possibility of visiting the family psychologist. Who knows, maybe with the help of a specialist you will be able to restore family peace and harmony. And depression in teenagers retreat.</ P>